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Latest Proteobacteria Stories

2010-01-21 06:15:00

MODI'IN, Israel, Jan. 21 /PRNewswire/ -- Exalenz Bioscience has finalized production of the BreathID® and is preparing to ship the first devices and kits that are used in the detection of Helicobacter pylori bacteria. Additionally, in preparation for its American launch, the company is in the process of establishing national distribution channels. The company has recently announced the appointment of Mr. Dennis Boyle as Vice-President and National Manager in the USA. In...

2010-01-20 13:35:27

It's been implicated as the bacterium that causes ulcers and the majority of stomach cancers, but studies by researchers at Stanford University, UC Davis, and the University of Pittsburgh have found that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) also may play a protective role "“ against the worldwide killer, tuberculosis (TB). In an article appearing online Wednesday in PloS ONE, Jay Solnick, UC Davis professor of medicine and microbiology, and his co-authors report that H. pylori infection may...

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2010-01-08 08:25:11

A bacterial species that depends on cooperation to survive is discriminating when it comes to the company it keeps. Scientists from Indiana University Bloomington and Netherlands' Centre for Terrestrial Ecology have learned Myxococcus xanthus cells are able to recognize genetic differences in one another that are so subtle, even the scientists studying them must go to great lengths to tell them apart. The scientists' report, which appears in a recent issue of Current Biology, also provides...

2010-01-06 12:45:17

Researchers report that Helicobacter pylori, the only bacterium known to survive in the harsh environment of the human stomach, directly activates an enzyme in host cells that has been associated with several types of cancer, including gastric cancer. Chronic infection with H. pylori is a well-documented risk factor for several forms of gastric cancer, but researchers have not yet determined the mechanisms by which specific bacterial factors contribute to cancer development. Nearly one-half...

b9be4a9289e368822f36d0b68442b1ee
2009-12-01 07:35:00

Deadly bug targets vulnerable children and adults in Africa Researchers have characterized a new multi drug resistant strain of Salmonella Typhimurium that is causing life-threatening disease in Africa. This type of Salmonella bug normally causes diarrhea and is rarely fatal. The new strain infects vulnerable children and adults in many regions of sub-Saharan Africa leading to death in up to one in four cases. The new genome work, a collaboration between the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute,...

2009-11-25 14:34:48

The gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma (GCA) is a very rare disease. In recent decades, however, the incidence of the GCA has increased dramatically in many Western countries. An increasing trend in GCA is also observed in municipal regions but not in rural regions of China. Another striking feature is the strong male predominance among patients with GCA. Some of the reasons above are still unclear and require further epidemiological investigations. A research article published on November 21,...

3d6882661d99b366b9249f9c4544ebac
2009-11-05 09:28:45

Research team uncovers how the bacterium that causes ulcers travels through the sticky gels of stomach mucus Mucus is more than gross--it's a critical barrier against disease, trapping many of the germs that want to invade your body. A wet mesh of proteins, antiseptic enzymes and salts, mucus is what keeps all but a few microbes from wreaking havoc on many of our most exposed tissues. Helicobacter pylori is one of the few. The tiny, corkscrew-shaped microbe bores through the mucus that lines...

2009-10-26 22:50:42

Helicobater pylori, a bacteria implicated in peptic ulcers and gastritis, was eradicated in 95 percent patients who took a 7-day course of combination therapy with levofloxacin, omeprazole, nitazoxanide (Alinia®) and doxycycline (LOAD) compared to eradication in only 80.9 percent of patients on lansoprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin (LAC) for seven days. Results of a new study presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology reveal...

2009-10-22 14:41:00

Immunologists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC and the have found a unique quirk in the way the immune system fends off bacteria called Francisella tularensis, which could lead to vaccines that are better able to prevent tularemia infection of the lungs. Their findings were published today in the early, online version of Immunity. F. tularensis is an intracellular pathogen that infects cells in the lungs called macrophages,...

2009-10-16 10:33:28

Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) is a gram negative bacterium which infects about 50% of the world population. H pylori colonization causes a strong systemic immune response. Various tools have been employed to identify the relationship between H pylori and gastric cancer, including c-DNA microarrays. However, most of these methods did not consider the systematic interaction of biological components. A research team from South Korea studied the complex reaction of gastric inflammation induced...


Latest Proteobacteria Reference Libraries

0_0d5d532211b8a47882b168c09689c84f
2011-04-25 21:28:48

Salmonella enterica is a subspecies of Salmonella enterica, the rod shaped, flagellated, aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium. It is a member of the genus Salmonella and many of the pathogenic serovars of the S. enterica species are in this subspecies. Serovars can be designated fully or in a shortened form. The genus, Salmonella, is on the short form lists which are followed by the capitalized and non-italicized serovar. Each serovar can have many strains as well, which allows for a rapid...

72_d0e074525de5bb741daf382f8d62213f
2011-04-25 16:38:12

Neisseria meningitidis is a heterotrophic gram-negative diplococcal bacterium best known for its role in meningitis and other forms of meningococcal disease such as meningococcemia. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality during childhood in industrialized countries and is responsible for epidemics in Africa and in Asia. In the US there are approximately 2500 to 3500 cases of N. meningitides infections. Children under 5 are at a higher risk as well as people in the sub-Saharan...

45_d6be6f801c571ef90f6e4b56412c5274
2011-04-15 15:38:47

Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that can inhabit various areas of the stomach, particularly the antrum. It causes low-level inflammation of the stomach lining and is linked to gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. Out of those infected, 80%, are asymptomatic. It was initially named Campyloacter pyloridis and then renamed C. pylori to correct the Latin grammar error. It was later placed in the genus, Helicobacter. Over 50% of the population has H. pylori in...

72_63ad42c17b548b76aff6af345a402a04
2011-04-15 15:26:30

Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium first described in 1892 by Richard Pfeiffer during an influenza pandemic. It is generally aerobic but can grow as a facultative anaerobe. H. influenzae was mistakenly considered to be the cause of influenza until 1933 when the flu virology became apparent. It was the first free-living organism to have its entire genome sequenced. The project was completed and published in 1995. Two major categories were defined: the...

72_d98ab0249709d892687c999e0e599da3
2011-04-15 15:19:01

Haemophilus ducreyi is a fastidious gram-negative coccobacillus causing the sexually transmitted disease chancroid, a major cause of genital ulceration in developing countries characterized by painful sores on the genitalia. Early symptoms are dark and light green shears in excrement. Chancroid starts as an erythematous popular lesion that breaks down into a painful bleeding ulcer. It can be cultured on chocolate agar. It is an opportunistic microorganism that infects through the...

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Word of the Day
holluschickie
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'
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