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Last updated on April 24, 2014 at 14:25 EDT

Latest Quantum phases Stories

Physicists Discover 'Quantum Droplet' In Semiconductor
2014-02-27 14:31:14

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) JILA physicists used an ultrafast laser and help from German theorists to discover a new semiconductor quasiparticle—a handful of smaller particles that briefly condense into a liquid-like droplet. Quasiparticles are composites of smaller particles that can be created inside solid materials and act together in a predictable way. A simple example is the exciton, a pairing, due to electrostatic forces, of an electron and a so-called...

Ion Beams Used To Create New Kinds Of Valves For Use In Spintronics
2014-02-19 10:26:38

Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) Researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have tested a new approach to fabricating spin valves. Using ion beams, the researchers have succeeded in structuring an iron aluminium alloy in such a way as to subdivide the material into individually magnetizable regions at the nanometer scale. The prepared alloy is thus able to function as a spin valve, which is of great interest as a candidate component for use in spintronics....

2014-01-27 15:10:25

Scientists from Paris, Newcastle and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin have been able to switch on and off robust ferromagnetism close to room temperature by using low electric fields. Their results are inspiring for future applications in low-power spintronics, for instance in fast, efficient and nonvolatile data storage technologies. The sample consisted of a ferroelectric BaTiO3 substrate covered with a thin film of magnetic FeRh.  Experiments at BESSY II combined with other measurement methods...

Researchers Find New Form Of Quantum Matter
2014-01-17 14:24:26

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene – the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon – promises exciting new things to come for the high-tech industry, including much faster transistors and far more compact hard drives. A collaboration of researchers at the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered...

2-D Tin Could Be The Next Super Material
2013-11-21 14:32:00

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory Theorists Predict New Single-Layer Material Could Go Beyond Graphene, Conducting Electricity with 100 Percent Efficiency at Room Temperature A single layer of tin atoms could be the world’s first material to conduct electricity with 100 percent efficiency at the temperatures that computer chips operate, according to a team of theoretical physicists led by researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory...

Grand Unified Theory Of Exotic Superconductivity?
2013-10-17 12:05:52

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientists introduce a general theoretical approach that describes all known forms of high-temperature superconductivity and their "intertwined" phases Years of experiments on various types of high-temperature (high-Tc) superconductors—materials that offer hope for energy-saving applications such as zero-loss electrical power lines—have turned up an amazing array of complex behaviors among the electrons that in some instances pair up to carry current...

2013-06-07 13:03:28

2 orders for electrons A German-French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so-called pseudogap state forms in high-temperature superconductors. The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders. Below a certain temperature, superconductors lose their electrical resistance and can conduct electricity without loss. "It is not to be excluded that the new pseudogap theory also provides the long-awaited explanation for why, in contrast to conventional metallic...

Graphene Butterfly Effect Observed For The First Time
2013-05-16 05:23:41

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have for the first time directly observed a rare quantum effect that produces a repeating butterfly-shaped energy spectrum, confirming the longstanding prediction of the quantum fractal energy structure known as Hofstadter's butterfly. First predicted by American physicist Douglas Hofstadter in 1976, the Hofstadter butterfly emerges when electrons are confined to a two-dimensional sheet, and subjected to both a...

2012-12-24 15:14:47

Forget solid, liquid, and gas: there are in fact more than 500 phases of matter. In a major paper in today's issue of Science, Perimeter Faculty member Xiao-Gang Wen reveals a modern reclassification of all of them. Condensed matter physics — the branch of physics responsible for discovering and describing most of these phases — has traditionally classified phases by the way their fundamental building blocks — usually atoms — are arranged. The key is something...

2012-10-09 21:55:27

If quantum computers are ever going to perform all those expected feats of code-breaking and number crunching, then their component qubits---tiny ephemeral quantum cells held in a superposition of internal states---will have to be protected from intervention by the outside world. In other words, decoherence, the loss of the qubits´ quantum integrity, has to be postponed. Now theoretical physicists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) and the University of Maryland have done an important...