What Lit Up The Universe

What Lit Up The Universe?

Rebecca Caygill, University College London New research from UCL shows we will soon uncover the origin of the ultraviolet light that bathes the cosmos, helping scientists understand how galaxies were built. The study published today in The...

Latest Quasar Stories

black hole growth
2014-08-12 07:56:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several processes typically limit how quickly black holes can grow, so how did those located at the ends of the universe come to have masses equal to several billion suns? Researchers from the Wiezmann Institute of Science and Yale University have proposed a potential solution in the latest edition of the journal Science. These enormous black holes, the study authors noted in a statement, consume large quantities of interstellar...

intergalactic hydrogen
2014-07-09 04:31:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The amount of light originating from known populations of galaxies and quasars is far less than the amount required to explain the amount of hydrogen that helps bridge empty spaces between galaxies, according to research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In fact, as lead author Juna Kollmeier of the Carnegie Institution for Science and her colleagues explained in a statement Tuesday, the...

milky way simulation
2014-07-07 07:13:31

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) Astronomers investigating behavior of the universe shortly after the Big Bang have made a surprising discovery: the properties of the early universe are determined by the smallest galaxies. The team report their findings in a paper published today in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Shortly after the Big Bang, the universe was ionized: ordinary matter consisted of hydrogen with its positively charged protons stripped of...

2014-06-19 16:20:56

WASHINGTON, June 19, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- An international team of astronomers, using data from several NASA and European Space Agency (ESA) space observatories, has discovered unexpected behavior from the supermassive black hole at the heart of the galaxy NGC 5548, located 244.6 million light-years from Earth. This behavior may provide new insights into how supermassive black holes interact with their host galaxies. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO...

2014-06-04 06:45:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the NASA Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope to study what they thought were two different classes of black-hole-powered galaxies known as blazars now believe that they may be one and the same. [ Watch the Video: Blazars: Artist Conception ] “We can think of one blazar class as a gas-guzzling car and the other as an energy-efficient electric vehicle,” lead researcher and Clemson University astrophysicist Marco...

Caltech's Cosmic Web Imager Directly Observes "Dim Matter"
2014-04-30 03:53:16

Cynthia Eller, California Institute of Technology Caltech astronomers have taken unprecedented images of the intergalactic medium (IGM)—the diffuse gas that connects galaxies throughout the universe—with the Cosmic Web Imager, an instrument designed and built at Caltech. Until now, the structure of the IGM has mostly been a matter for theoretical speculation. However, with observations from the Cosmic Web Imager, deployed on the Hale 200-inch telescope at Palomar Observatory,...

Hubble Images Cross-Section Of The Universe
2014-04-17 12:40:22

[ Watch the Video: Zooming In On CLASS B1608+656 ] ESA/NASA An image of a galaxy cluster taken by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope gives a remarkable cross-section of the Universe, showing objects at different distances and stages in cosmic history. They range from cosmic near neighbors to objects seen in the early years of the Universe. The 14-hour exposure shows objects around a billion times fainter than can be seen with the naked eye. This new Hubble image showcases a...

Scientists Make The Most Precise Measurment Of Early Universe Yet
2014-04-08 07:50:37

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two recent studies of the early Universe using the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), a component of the third Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), have made the most accurate measurement of the rate of expansion in the early Universe to date. BOSS has pioneered the use of quasars to map density variations in intergalactic gas at high redshifts to trace the structure of the young Universe. BOSS helps scientists chart...

2014-03-19 23:30:39

Quasar Lite for Science™ elevates awareness and enthusiasm for science amongst elementary school children with a Quasar Lite® Sport Aircraft, a sixth-grade science syllabus, and a new series of adventure books for young readers. Richland Hills, TX (PRWEB) March 19, 2014 GeBe LLC announces plans to publish 'The Quasar Lite Adventures,' a fictional book series that includes science curriculum. Quasar Lite for Science was designed to engage students with a hands-on aircraft...

Chandra And XMM-Newton Show Direct Measurement Of Distant Black Hole's Spin
2014-03-06 08:15:43

[ Watch the Video: Measuring a Distant Black Hole's Spin ] NASA Astronomers have used NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's (ESA's) XMM-Newton to show a supermassive black hole six billion light years from Earth is spinning extremely rapidly. This first direct measurement of the spin of such a distant black hole is an important advance for understanding how black holes grow over time. Black holes are defined by just two simple characteristics: mass and...

Latest Quasar Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos -- Stars are organised into galaxies which in turn appear to form clusters and superclusters, separated by voids. Prior to 1989 it was commonly assumed that the superclusters were the largest structures in existence, and that they were distributed more-or-less uniformly throughout the universe in every direction. However, in 1989, Margaret Geller and John Huchra discovered the "Great Wall", a sheet of galaxies more than 500 million light years long...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Supermassive Black Hole -- A Supermassive black hole is a black hole with a mass in the range of millions or billions solar masses. A supermassive black hole has some interesting properties differing from his low-mass cousins: -- The average density of a supermassive black hole can be very low, and actually can be lower than water's density. This happens because the black hole diameter increases linearly with mass, and consequently density drops much faster. -- Strong tidal...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Redshift -- Redshift is the phenomenon that the frequency of light when observed, under certain circumstances, can be lower than the frequency of light when it was emitted at the source. This usually occurs when the source moves away from the observer, as in the Doppler effect. More specifically, the term redshift is used for the observation that the spectrum of light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to lower frequencies (towards the red end of the spectrum, hence the name) when...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Microquasar -- Microquasars are smaller cousins of quasars. They are named after quasars, as they have some common characteristics: strong and variable radio emission often seen as radio jets, and an accretion disk surrounding a black hole. In quasars, the black hole is supermassive (millions of solar masses) as in microquasars, the black hole mass is a few solar masses. In microquasars, the accreted mass comes from a normal star and the accretion disk is very luminous in optical regions...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Gravitational Lens -- A gravitational lens is formed when the light from a very distant, bright object (such as a quasar) is "bent" around a massive object (such as a massive galaxy) between the bright object and the viewer. The process is known as gravitational lensing, and was one of the predictions made by Einstein's general relativity. Description In a gravitational lens, the gravity from the massive object bends light as a lens might. As a result, the path of the light from a...

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Word of the Day
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'