Latest Redshift Stories
Astronomers have taken a census of hundreds of previously unseen starburst galaxies, revealing high star-formation rates across the Universe.
Astronomers use the distribution of clusters of galaxies to understand dark matter, and a research team has just used this tool to help understand the expansion history of our universe.
The Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) has announced the first major result of a new mapping technique, unveiling over 48,000 quasars.
Researchers are finding ways to map out the spread and structure of the universe through the light of quasars.
Since the 1990's, dark energy has been the most accepted hypothesis to explain the expansion rate of the Universe. A hypothetical form of energy, dark energy is thought to permeate all of space and accounts for about 73% of the total mass-energy of the universe.
Led by Berkeley Lab scientists, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey’s BOSS is bigger than all other spectroscopic surveys combined for measuring the universe's large-scale structure
Some six billion light years ago, almost halfway from now back to the big bang, the universe was undergoing an elemental change.
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III) announced the most accurate measurements yet of the distances to galaxies in the faraway universe, giving an unprecedented look at the time when the universe first began to expand at an ever-increasing rate.
As of 2009, JKCS 041 is a group of galaxies with the distinction of being the farthest away group from Earth ever observed. Seen at redshift 1.9, it is estimated to be 10.2 billion light years away. The cluster is located within the constellation Cetus at a photometrically determined redshift of z=1.9 at right ascension 2h 26m 44s declination -04Â° 41"² 37"³ (J2000.0).
Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos -- Stars are organised into galaxies which in turn appear to form clusters and superclusters, separated by voids. Prior to 1989 it was commonly assumed that the superclusters were the largest structures in existence, and that they were distributed more-or-less uniformly throughout the universe in every direction. However, in 1989, Margaret Geller and John Huchra discovered the "Great Wall", a sheet of galaxies more than 500 million light years long...
Cosmology -- area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories Present models of the universe hold two fundamental premises: the cosmological principle and the dominant role of gravitation. Derived by Hubble, the cosmological principle holds that if a large enough sample of galaxies is considered, the universe looks the same from all positions and in all directions in space. The second point...
Redshift -- Redshift is the phenomenon that the frequency of light when observed, under certain circumstances, can be lower than the frequency of light when it was emitted at the source. This usually occurs when the source moves away from the observer, as in the Doppler effect. More specifically, the term redshift is used for the observation that the spectrum of light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to lower frequencies (towards the red end of the spectrum, hence the name) when...
Quasar -- A quasar (from quasi-stellar radio source) is an astronomical object that looks like a star in optical telescopes (i.e. it is a point source), but has a very high redshift. The general consensus is that this high redshift is cosmological, the result of Hubble's law and that their redshift indicates that they are typically very distant from Earth; we observe them as they were several billions of years ago. Since we can see them despite their distance, they must emit more...
- A transitional zone between two communities containing the characteristic species of each.