Quantcast
Caribbean Coral Reef Inhabitants Critical In Determining

Caribbean Coral Reef Inhabitants Critical In Determining Future Of Reefs

Provided by Jo Bowler, University of Exeter New research led by the University of Exeter has found that species that live in and erode coral reefs will play a major role in determining the future of reefs. The research, which is published in...

Latest Reef Stories

ocean acidification
2014-10-01 03:00:15

Hebrew University of Jerusalem Over 35 years, a 40% reduction in calcium carbonate deposits in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef An expedition from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Carnegie Institute of Science has measured a roughly 40% reduction in the rate of calcium carbonate deposited in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef in the last 35 years — a scenario that could damage the reef framework and endanger the entire coral ecosystem. Coral reefs are the most ecologically...

Lizard Island
2014-09-19 03:00:16

Ken Caldeira, Carnegie Institution A team of researchers working on a Carnegie expedition in Australia’s Great Barrier Reef has documented that coral growth rates have plummeted 40 percent since the mid-1970s. The scientists suggest that ocean acidification may be playing an important role in this perilous slowdown. In a quest for historical context on the peril facing coral reefs, the team compared current measurements of the growth rate of a section of Australia’s Great Barrier...

Great Barrier Reef Is An Effective Wave Absorber: Study
2014-09-19 03:25:13

University of Southampton New research has found that the Great Barrier Reef, as a whole, is a remarkably effective wave absorber, despite large gaps between the reefs. This means that landward of the reefs, waves are mostly related to local winds rather than offshore wave conditions. As waves break and reduce in height over reefs, this drives currents that are very important for the transport of nutrients and larvae. This reduction in wave height also has implications for shoreline...

hard coral species Pachyseris inattesa
2014-08-19 03:30:07

Pensoft Publishers The hard corals primarily responsible for the construction of coral reefs around the world have attracted the attention of taxonomists for hundreds of years. Despite the important role such corals play in building what are arguably the world's most diverse ecosystems, coral reefs in some parts of the world still hold surprises for modern scientists. An international team of scientists has recently described a new hard coral species, Pachyseris inattesa, from the Saudi...

Researchers Study Biological Erosion Of Mesophotic Tropical Coral Reefs
2014-07-09 03:10:42

University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science Researchers compare bioerosion on deeper reef systems to better understand long-term structural sustainability A new study on biological erosion of mesophotic tropical coral reefs, which are low energy reef environments between 30-150 meters deep, provides new insights into processes that affect the overall structure of these important ecosystems. The purpose of the study was to better understand how bioerosion...

How Does Algal And Coral Cover Affect Microscopic Life That Call The Reef Home?
2014-07-07 03:56:00

By Michael Price, San Diego State University A new study by biologists at San Diego State University and Scripps Institution of Oceanography shows that inhabited coral islands that engage in commercial fishing dramatically alter their nearby reef ecosystems, disturbing the microbes, corals, algae and fish that call the reef home. The study’s lead author, Linda Wegley Kelly, is a postdoctoral scholar in the lab of SDSU virologist Forest Rohwer. She's been involved in some capacity...

Discovery Of A Prehistoric Reef Built By First Hard-Shelled Animals
2014-06-27 11:22:17

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online Located on dry land in Namibia is a 550-million-year-old reef that researchers say was built by the first hard-shelled animals. It is one of the oldest reefs known and tiny aquatic fossils have revealed that the creatures developed hard protective coats and constructed the reefs for shelter and safety. The study, led by Professor Rachel Wood of the University of Edinburgh, and collaborated on with other scientists from Edinburgh,...

2014-06-18 10:04:17

The UC Santa Barbara Current A graduate student assesses the underlying assumptions and predictive ability of functional-group models used to study seabed communities UC Santa Barbara doctoral candidate Caitlin Fong travels to French Polynesia often but not for vacation. She goes there to study a coral reef ecosystem influenced by human impacts such as overfishing and nutrient pollution. Her work focuses not only on biological changes but also methods scientists use to determine...

2014-06-13 08:21:31

LANDOVER, Md., June 13, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation announces that Riley Samels from Ohio is this year's winner of The Science without Borders® Challenge. His stunning art work 'Reef in a Bottle' beat out the fierce competition to take first place. The Challenge is a yearly science competition that is designed to engage secondary students in ocean conservation through art. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20140613/117811 This...

Juvenile Corals Fed Prior To Transplantation To New Reef More Successful
2014-06-06 14:57:37

PLOS Feeding juvenile corals prior to transplantation into a new reef may increase their survival, according to a study published June 4, 2014 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Tai Chong Toh from the National University of Singapore and colleagues. The global decline of coral reefs and the loss of associated ecological services have necessitated immediate intervention measures to try to reverse their further deterioration. Scientists have attempted to recolonize damaged reefs by...


Latest Reef Reference Libraries

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Rugose3d
2012-04-03 18:06:52

Horn corals, known as Rugosa or Tetracoralla, are an extinct order of coral that were abundant during the Middle Ordovician to Late Permian stages. They were known as horn corals because of a unique horn-shaped chamber with a wrinkled (rugose) wall. These mostly solitary corals often reached lengths of nearly 40 inches. However, some species could form large colonies. Rugose corals have a skeleton made up of calcite that is often fossilized. Like modern corals, rugose corals were...

800px-Syringoporid
2012-04-03 17:00:56

Tabulata is a family of extinct tabulate corals. These corals lived entirely during the Paleozoic era, being found from the Ordovician to the Permian stages. There are about 300 known genera of tabulate corals, of which Aulopora, Favosites, Halysites, Heliolites, Pleurodictyum, Sarcinula and Syringopora are the most common in the fossil record. These corals were mostly found in the shallow waters of the Silurian and Devonian, after which, they became much less common. They became extinct...

More Articles (7 articles) »
Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.