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Latest Reef Stories

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2011-08-02 12:32:05

Last month, NOAA scientists used acoustic sonar to map several areas of the outer continental shelf edge off the coast of Florida. The team, on the latest mission of the research expedition "Extreme Corals 2011," found and explored new coral mounds north of the Oculina Bank. With the help of a remotely operated vehicle"”basically, an underwater robot"”the team determined that the nearly 100 deep-sea coral mounds are Oculina varicosa. This is a branching stony coral species that...

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2011-07-25 07:10:00

Climate change and acidifying ocean water are likely to have a highly variable impact on the world's coral reefs, in space, time and diversity, international coral scientists cautioned recently. The picture that is emerging from studies of past coral extinctions and present impacts on today's reef systems is complex and subtle and will demand much more sophisticated management to preserve reefs intact, the team of scientists said in a paper in the international journal Science. "New research...

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2011-07-05 10:53:13

Australian scientists today announced they have sequenced the genome of the staghorn coral Acropora millepora, a major component of the Great Barrier Reef and coral reefs worldwide. This is the first animal genome project to be carried out entirely in Australia, and is an important milestone in Australian biotechnology and in the study of coral reefs, said the researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and the Australian Genome Research Facility (AGRF). "This is a...

2011-06-16 00:00:28

Profits from the collaboration will be donated to Rhythm of Hope, a non-profit dedicated to improving the lives of people in marginalized communities in Brazil San Diego, CA (PRWEB) June 15, 2011 Acai Roots, a lifestyle brand, top supplier of natural and organic Brazilian style super food acai products, is pleased to announce a first time sandal collaboration with Carlsbad based surf brand, Reef. The Reef Ah-Sy-Ee sandal, which retails for $40, is adorned with Acai seeds harvested...

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2011-05-13 09:45:00

Scientists from the Arlington Virginia-based Conservation International have discovered eight new fish and one new coral species off the coast Indonesia's Bali island. Senior adviser Mark Van Nydeck Erdmann yold the AFP news agency: "We have carried out a marine survey in 33 sites around Bali island. We have identified 952 reef fish, and among them we discovered eight new species." The surveys were carried out off the popular tourist island's northeast coast at Tulamben, a well-known...

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2011-04-22 06:20:00

Lee Rannals for RedOrbit.com Jennifer S. Holland paints a beautiful picture of Australia's Great Barrier Reef in her writing in May's National Geographic Magazine. Holland places you into the ocean with her words, and tugs at your heart by describing the complexities of the Great Barrier Reef and what it has overcome. The intricacy of how life takes shape in this unique part of the ocean is uncanny, and it has bewildered all who have visited it for generations. If there is anything you do...

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2011-04-08 09:42:28

University of Miami scientists using the geologic record of corals to understand how reef ecosystems might respond to climate changeClimate change is already widely recognized to be negatively affecting coral reef ecosystems around the world, yet the long-term effects are difficult to predict. University of Miami (UM) scientists are using the geologic record of Caribbean corals to understand how reef ecosystems might respond to climate change expected for this century. The findings are...

2011-04-07 16:33:00

NASSAU, Bahamas, April 7, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- The Living Oceans Foundation has chosen The Bahamas for the opening of its Global Reef Expedition, a five year, world-wide study of the health of the coral reef environments. In making the announcement, Captain Philip Renaud, USN (ret), the Foundation's Executive Director, noted that up to 80 percent of all life on the earth is found in the oceans, and that the health of the coral reefs is critical to the health of many species that inhabit...

2011-04-06 11:50:30

Scientists studied the global influence of human population on corals reefs and were surprised to find that highly diverse reef fish systems are the most vulnerable to human threats In an unprecedented collaborative analysis published in the journal PLoS Biology, scientists from 49 nations demonstrated that the ability of reef fish systems to produce goods and services to humanity increases rapidly with the number of species. However, growing human populations hamper the ability of reefs to...

2011-04-06 11:41:21

In a large collaborative analysis publishing tomorrow in the online, open access journal PLoS Biology, 55 scientists from 49 nations document that the capability of reef fish systems to produce biomass and deliver goods and services to humanity, is functionally linked to the number of species; functioning increases as biodiversity increases. However, mounting pressures from growing human populations is tampering with this functioning of the reef fish communities, especially in the most...


Latest Reef Reference Libraries

Coral Reef
2013-04-20 15:49:21

Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Rugose3d
2012-04-03 18:06:52

Horn corals, known as Rugosa or Tetracoralla, are an extinct order of coral that were abundant during the Middle Ordovician to Late Permian stages. They were known as horn corals because of a unique horn-shaped chamber with a wrinkled (rugose) wall. These mostly solitary corals often reached lengths of nearly 40 inches. However, some species could form large colonies. Rugose corals have a skeleton made up of calcite that is often fossilized. Like modern corals, rugose corals were...

800px-Syringoporid
2012-04-03 17:00:56

Tabulata is a family of extinct tabulate corals. These corals lived entirely during the Paleozoic era, being found from the Ordovician to the Permian stages. There are about 300 known genera of tabulate corals, of which Aulopora, Favosites, Halysites, Heliolites, Pleurodictyum, Sarcinula and Syringopora are the most common in the fossil record. These corals were mostly found in the shallow waters of the Silurian and Devonian, after which, they became much less common. They became extinct...

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