Latest Reef Stories
Australiaâ€™s Great Barrier Reef is in danger of being ruined by climate change and coastal development.
Environmentalists are pushing for the protection of a large swath of coral reef off the Southeastern US coast.
Scientists in Australia announced on Thursday that a new genome-mapping project is underway that could help the Great Barrier Reef fight off the threats of climate change and toxic farm chemicals.
A new study shows that bleached corals bounce back to normal growth rates more quickly when they have clean water and plentiful sea life at their side
An international team of researchers has studied the coralline algae fossils that lived on the last coral reefs of the Mediterranean Sea between 7.24 and 5.3 million years ago.
Australia's Great Barrier Reef will to be the first of the world's great coral reefs to die from warming water, a leading marine scientist said. There is no way out, no loopholes.
A group of experts warned on Monday that increasing acidity of the worldâ€™s oceans and warming water temperatures from CO2 emissions could wipe out coral reefs by the end of this century.
The thought of coral reefs tends to conjure up images of tropical vacations, complete with snorkeling among tropical fish in crystal clear waters.
As global warming whips up more powerful and frequent hurricanes and storms, the worldâ€™s coral reefs face increased disruption to their ability to breed and recover from damage.
Banning or restricting the use of certain types of fishing gear could help the worldâ€™s coral reefs and their fish populations survive the onslaughts of climate change.
Coral reefs are submerged structures consisting of calcium carbonate secreted by corals. Coral reefs are colonies of small animals found in marine waters that enclose few nutrients. The majority of coral reefs are constructed from stony corals, which then consist of polyps that come together in groups. The polyps are like small sea anemones, to which they are very closely related. Unlike the sea anemones, coral polyps secrete hard carbonate exoskeletons which provide support and protections...
Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...
Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...
Horn corals, known as Rugosa or Tetracoralla, are an extinct order of coral that were abundant during the Middle Ordovician to Late Permian stages. They were known as horn corals because of a unique horn-shaped chamber with a wrinkled (rugose) wall. These mostly solitary corals often reached lengths of nearly 40 inches. However, some species could form large colonies. Rugose corals have a skeleton made up of calcite that is often fossilized. Like modern corals, rugose corals were...
Tabulata is a family of extinct tabulate corals. These corals lived entirely during the Paleozoic era, being found from the Ordovician to the Permian stages. There are about 300 known genera of tabulate corals, of which Aulopora, Favosites, Halysites, Heliolites, Pleurodictyum, Sarcinula and Syringopora are the most common in the fossil record. These corals were mostly found in the shallow waters of the Silurian and Devonian, after which, they became much less common. They became extinct...
- The act of burning, scorching, or heating to dryness; the state or being thus heated or dried.
- In medicine, cauterization.