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Last updated on April 23, 2014 at 1:22 EDT

Latest researcher Stories

2010-07-12 13:32:47

Malolactic fermentation is a key part in the process of cider making, as it reduces acidity. Malic acid, a common component in fruit, undergoes a chemical transformation, turning into lactic acid. In the case of Basque natural cider (unlike with wine), after this process there is not normally any microbiological stabilisation treatment. This means that the lactic bacteria become the dominant microbiota. Some of these bacteria cause alterations that can affect the properties of the cider....

2010-06-24 16:20:41

Some viruses insert themselves into the host's DNA during infection in a process called retroviral integration, causing several diseases, including AIDS and cancer, notes a Texas A&M researcher who specializes in fetal diseases. However, stem cells that give rise to the early embryo and yolk sac fight back, inhibiting further infection by aggressively silencing the invading viral DNA, says Michael Golding of the Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology. The work of the...

2010-06-16 22:13:40

Applied brocade is a relief technique representing, in a highly realistic manner, embroidered textiles in gold and silver in sculptures and paintings. It involves a filling reinforced with a sheet foil of tin. Invented in Germany between 1415 and 1430, it became highly successful. It was one of the hallmarks of Flemish art in the XV and XVI centuries, its use spreading throughout Europe. In the Basque Country, this applied brocade is found in six wood altarpieces in churches in Errenteria,...

2010-05-27 16:36:05

This research was developed by Dr. Enrique Garcia Artero, from the Department of Physiology of the University of Granada, and coordinated by Professor Manuel J. Castillo Garz³n. To carry out this project, the researcher used data from the national and European projects AVENA (Food and Assessment of Nutritional Status of Spanish Adolescents) and HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) and ALPHA (Assessing Levels of Physical Activity and Fitness; Public Health...

2010-05-25 09:03:52

Not using effective contraception once becoming sexually active multiplies up to 6 times the risk for teen pregnancy The effective use of contraception once becoming sexually active is the best way to avoid unwanted pregnancy during adolescence. This is just one of the conclusions of a study by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Universidad Complutense in Madrid which additionally reveals that using no contraception or using it well after starting sexual relations increases...

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2010-05-03 09:18:10

Juan Oliva, a researcher at the University of Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM) explores the relationship between the employment status of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive individuals and socioeconomic characteristics in Spain between 2001 and 2004. The study finds that gender is a "statistically significant" variable when predicting employment status. "The probability of HIV-positive individuals participating in the labor market varies significantly depending on gender, type of...

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2010-04-28 07:25:02

Tel Aviv University researcher pioneers 3-D 'occupational therapy' for children It was her love of ballet that led her to work with children who have motor disabilities. The retired dancer, now an occupational therapist, is pioneering a new "virtual" method to analyze movement patterns in children "• and more effectively treat those with debilitating motor disorders. Dr. Dido Green of Tel Aviv University's Department of Occupational Therapy in the School of Health Professionals is using...

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2010-04-19 09:35:00

Researchers at the Universidad Pompeu Fabra (UPF) have studied how older people interact and use email in their daily life. The study was carried out in social centers in Barcelona and will be used to design new email systems that are more intuitive and accessible. Electronic mail or email is the internet application used the most, even by older people, who haven't grown up with Information and Computer Technology (ICT), and have had to put in greater effort to learn to use it than younger...

2010-04-09 10:35:09

"Just as our species could be considered the most violent, since we are capable of serial killings, genocide and other atrocities, we are also the most empathetic species, which would seem to be the other side of the coin", Luis Moya Albiol, lead author of the study and a researcher at the UV, tells SINC. This study, published in the most recent issue of the Revista de Neurología, concludes that the prefrontal and temporal cortex, the amygdala and other features of the...

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2010-03-26 13:50:00

This question isn't new, but for years anthropologists, archaeologists and historians of art understood these artistic manifestations as purely aesthetic and decorative motives. Eduardo Palacio-P©rez, researcher at the University of Cantabria (UC), now reveals the origins of a theory that remains nowadays/lasts into our days. "This theory is does not originate with the prehistorians, in other words, those who started to develop the idea that the art of primitive peoples was linked...