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Latest researcher Stories

2010-03-22 16:45:56

The Early Aptian (120 million years ago) was an age of intense volcanic activity on Earth, eruptions that emitted large amounts of CO2 into the atmosphere, thus causing a revolution in the carbon cycle. As a consequence, great changes happened in the whole of the terrestrial system. Researcher María Isabel Millán has studied how these changes happened in the marine environment of the Aralar mountain range (at that time it was under the sea) in the Basque Country, and...

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2010-03-17 10:36:37

A team of Spanish researchers has studied the diet of three species of sharks living in the deep waters in the area of El Cachucho, the first Protected Marine Area in Spain, which is located in the Cantabrian Sea off the coast of Asturias. These animals feed on the resources available in their environment, according to changes taking place in the ocean depths. "All the sections of the food chain are inter-related in these deep-sea ecosystems, and a small change in any one of the links in this...

2010-03-14 23:01:00

PHILADELPHIA and LONDON, March 15 /PRNewswire/ -- The world's "hottest" researcher is biochemist Rudolf Jaenisch from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is joined by scientists scattered from Ann Arbor to Osaka on the annual Thomson Reuters list of the world's 12 hottest researchers. In its March/April issue of Science Watch, Thomson Reuters identified the dozen authors whose recent papers were cited most often by other researchers during 2009. Jaenisch authored 14 of these Hot...

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2010-03-09 08:57:22

A research team made up of various Andalusian universities and coordinated by the University of Huelva (UHU) has concluded that the main barrier that these professionals encounter when accessing management roles is the lack of policies for reconciling work and family life. Only 38.6% of management positions in Andalusian centers for pre-school and Primary education are occupied by women, compared with 61.4% by men. According to figures from the Ministry of Education for 2009-2010, in Spain...

2010-03-04 11:23:29

It is not enough to have a Braille keyboard or a computer that speaks. Until Internet can better adapt to their needs, disabled persons will continue to have a big disadvantage with respect to other users. With his PhD thesis, researcher Mr Markel Vigo aimed to smooth out this complicated relationship. On the one hand, he tested a system that facilitates creating a more personalised Internet for the disabled and, on the other, devised innovative techniques for experts in adapting web pages....

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2010-02-24 11:14:56

Iodine is an essential element for synthesizing thyroid hormones. A team of researchers from the Childhood and Environment Project (INMA) has studied the consequences of pregnant women consuming it in their diet and in supplements. The results suggest the need to evaluate their iodine nutritional status before systematically recommending taking it during pregnancy. "Good iodine nutritional status at the start of and during pregnancy is essential for maintaining proper thyroid function in the...

2010-02-23 14:27:19

Current body protheses do not last more than 10-15 years. After this time, the operation has to be repeated in order to change prothesis. It is usually problematic as, in general, it is elderly people that use the procedure. Researcher Nere Garmendia, based in the Basque city of Donostia-San Sebastián, has just published her PhD, a thesis which may well mean the first step to solving this problem. According to Ms Garmendia, using a ceramic material called zirconia (Zr02), carbon...

2010-02-22 14:02:35

A University of Illinois researcher advises caution when trying to characterize gender roles and sexual behavior among this country's Latino adolescents and young adults. "When a recent documentary about U.S. Latinos featured two teen mothers in a 90-minute program, the Latino students in my classes thought it was an unbalanced portrayal of their community"”and they were right!" said Marcela Raffaelli, a U of I professor of human and community development and co-author of a recently...

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2010-02-16 14:15:58

A team of Catalan researchers has studied the changes in the make-up of animal populations following forest fires, and have concluded that malacological fauna are a good indicator of forest recovery. The conclusions of this study will help to ensure that post-fire forestry operations that do not harm these species of molluscs, which are sensitive to microclimatic conditions of the soil and vegetation structure. The researchers from the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Natural Areas...

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2010-02-11 10:59:33

Electronic cigarettes should be evaluated, regulated, labeled and packaged in a manner consistent with cartridge content and product effect "“ even if that effect is a total failure to deliver nicotine as demonstrated in a study supported by the National Cancer Institute and led by a Virginia Commonwealth University researcher. The research was published in the Online First issue of the journal Tobacco Control. The article will appear in the February print issue of the journal....