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Latest respiratory failure Stories

2010-04-20 08:18:56

The leading cause of death in infants born prematurely is respiratory distress syndrome. It is caused by deficiency in a fat-protein complex known as lung surfactant, which is critical for optimal gas exchange in the lung. LPCAT1 is a recently identified mouse lung protein predicted, based on in vitro assays, to be involved in the generation of surfactant. Now, John Shannon and colleagues, at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, have demonstrated that LPCAT1 has a crucial role in...

2010-01-25 13:18:40

A group of UK anaesthetists have designed and tested three prototype low-cost ventilators that could provide vital support during major healthcare emergencies involving large numbers of patients or casualties. The devices, detailed in a paper published online by Anaesthesia, could also be used where resources are limited, such as in developing countries, remote locations or by the military. "Our research has demonstrated that it is possible to make a gas-efficient ventilator costing less than...

2010-01-19 07:00:00

FRISCO, Texas, Jan. 19 /PRNewswire/ -- OxySure® Systems, Inc. today announced that an OxySure® Model 615 was successfully used to restore oxygen saturation levels to normal values in a middle school student experiencing respiratory distress at Scoggins Middle School in the Frisco Independent School District (FISD). This is the 23rd time in less than 6 months where OxySure was used to assist FISD students suffering from medical emergencies. (Logo:...

2009-11-12 11:49:09

Toronto M.D.'s editorial in current issue of JAMA calls for a new approach to 'physiological-based' research As more Canadians are diagnosed with H1N1 influenza infection, some will be admitted to hospital. The most severely affected may be treated in the intensive care unit (ICU) and placed on a mechanical ventilator to help them breathe while they recover from the infection. While mechanical ventilation clearly saves the lives of many people felled by serious illness, in some cases, this...

2009-11-11 17:01:57

Despite a current suggestion that patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome be positioned lying face down while receiving mechanical ventilation, study results indicate that this positioning does not significantly lower the risk of death compared to similar patients positioned lying face up during ventilation, according to a study in the November 11 issue of JAMA. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious lung condition with a high mortality rate and may be associated...

2009-11-04 12:05:51

Helmet Ventilation May Benefit Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure(#8729, Tuesday, November 3, 3:45 PM ET) Patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), in whom noninvasive ventilation (NIV) via facial mask fails, may benefit from a relatively new treatment known as helmet ventilation. Researchers from Italy assessed the use of helmet ventilation in 31 patients suffering from ARF who failed an attempt of NIV with facial mask. Arterial blood gas analysis at 1 hour and 12 hours of helmet...

2009-11-03 11:47:57

Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), a therapy used in the treatment of premature newborns with respiratory failure that had shown promising results in short-term studies, does not significantly improve long-term outcomes, according to a national study led by critical care researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC. Previous studies of inhaled nitric oxide in premature babies with respiratory failure suggested improvements in early...

2009-10-13 11:48:55

Contrary to current policies recommending that non-invasive ventilation be avoided during an infectious outbreak, the author of a commentary (pre-embargo media link only http://www.cmaj.ca/embargo/cmaj081987.pdf) in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) www.cmaj.ca argues that it should be used expeditiously in this setting. Noninvasive ventilation uses a mask interface to ventilate the lungs of patients in respiratory failure, rather than a tube inserted into the trachea. Because...

2009-10-12 09:41:06

Despite the severity of disease and the intensity of treatment, most patients in Australia and New Zealand who experienced respiratory failure as a result of 2009 influenza A(H1N1) and were treated with a system that adds oxygen to the patient's blood survived the disease, according to a study to appear in the November 4 issue of JAMA. This study is being published early online because of its public health importance. The influenza A(H1N1) pandemic affected Australia and New Zealand during...

2009-10-06 07:30:00

PITTSBURGH, Oct. 6 /PRNewswire/ -- ALung Technologies, Inc. today announced that the company has raised $2.5 million from a group of current ALung investors. The investment will allow the company to fund its Indian and German clinical trials as well as support working capital needs. ALung is the leading developer of a device designed to replace or supplement ventilators in hospitals. The company's Hemolung device is expected to positively impact clinical outcomes and reduce the length...


Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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