Latest Respiratory system Stories
National Jewish Health researchers and their colleagues in the COPDGene research consortium report that a computerized form of radiology, known as quantitative CT, can offer valuable prognostic information for patients and doctors beyond the standard breathing tests most commonly used to evaluate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
A ground-breaking international study into the ways lungs grow and develop has challenged existing medical understanding that our lungs are completely formed by the age of three.
The world’s first artificial trachea transplant seeded with stem cells proved to be a success after being done on Andemariam Teklesenbet Beyene at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
Scientists at A*STAR'S Genome Institute of Singapore (GIS) and Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB), have made a breakthrough discovery in the understanding of lung regeneration.
Guided by insights into how mice recover after H1N1 flu, researchers at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, together with researchers at A*STAR of Singapore, have cloned three distinct stem cells from the human airways and demonstrated that one of these cells can form into the lung's alveoli air sac tissue.
A discovery by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies might explain why some premature infants fail to respond to existing treatments for a deadly respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and offers clues for new ways to treat the breathing disorder.
Nose feel congested and stuffed up?
Cystic fibrosis, also called mucoviscidosis, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of the viscous secretions in the body. In turn, it effects the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestines, as well as all other exocrine glands in the body. The most common genetic mutation that causes CF is a deletion of three nucleotides that results in a loss of phenylalanine, an amino acid at the 508th position on the protein. It should be noted, however, that there are over a thousand other mutations that...
The pharynx is situated directly after the mouth and nose and lies right before the esophagus. Formation and Orientation The pharynx is divided into three separate sections. The nasopharynx is the first part of the pharynx that lies between the soft palate and the base of the skull. The pharyngeal tonsils are located on the back wall of the nasopharynx. This portion of the pharynx is connected to the middle easr by the Eustachian tubes. The nasopharynx is linked to the nasal cavities...
The trachea, commonly called the windpipe, is the air passage-way from the mouth to the lungs. Non-fish vertebrae all have a trachea. The moist with mucus walls of the tube-like structure trap inhaled particles to keep them from entering the lungs. Structure The trachea is an open-ended cylindrical structure that starts at the larynx and ends at the bifurcation. It is about one inch in diameter and can run four to six inches in length. Within the pipe there are anywhere from 15 to 20...
The lung is a vital organ that is a part of the respiratory system. Generally a person has two lungs; however, the body can function with only one. The lung’s main function is to move oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the bloodstream through gas exchange. The lungs are located lateral to the heart in the thoracic cavity. Each lung has a tip called the apex, which is superior in the body. The bases of the lungs rest on the diaphragm. They appear to be spongy due to their bundles of...
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