Quantcast
Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 15:05 EDT

Latest Respiratory system Stories

f175435b1dcce53891fb6a0e2e789d8c
2010-07-16 09:53:14

Astrocytes - brain cells named after their characteristic star-shape and previously thought to act only as the 'glue' between neurons, have a central role in the regulation of breathing, according to scientists. The finding provides a new dimension for research into fundamental principles of brain organization and function and may be relevant for understanding causes of devastating conditions associated with respiratory failure such as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. The research, funded by the...

2010-05-18 11:47:40

Human stem cells administered intravenously can restore alveolar epithelial tissue to a normal function in a novel ex vivo perfused human lung after E. coli endotoxin-induced acute lung injury (ALI), according to research from the University of California San Francisco. The findings were reported at the ATS 2010 International Conference in New Orleans. ALI is a common cause of respiratory failure in the intensive care units, often leading to death. It can be caused by both direct injury such...

2010-05-03 16:20:00

Novel Procedure for Long Lasting Control of Severe Asthma ARLINGTON, Va., May 3 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Virginia Hospital Center announced today that it will be the first Hospital in the United States to offer a new procedure for severe asthma patients known as bronchial thermoplasty. The Alair® Bronchial Thermoplasty System was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Patients who are 18 years and older and suffer from severe persistent...

2010-04-20 08:18:56

The leading cause of death in infants born prematurely is respiratory distress syndrome. It is caused by deficiency in a fat-protein complex known as lung surfactant, which is critical for optimal gas exchange in the lung. LPCAT1 is a recently identified mouse lung protein predicted, based on in vitro assays, to be involved in the generation of surfactant. Now, John Shannon and colleagues, at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, have demonstrated that LPCAT1 has a crucial role in...

2010-02-25 14:04:38

Head and neck cancer patients receiving induction chemotherapy followed by radiation to preserve their larynx have a low-risk of severe voice disability and almost half experienced no eating or swallowing problems, according to a first of its kind study presented at the Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancer Symposium, sponsored by AHNS, ASCO, ASTRO and SNM. Total larynx removal with permanent tracheotomy is the current standard treatment for patients with cancer of the larynx. While larynx...

2010-02-18 08:30:00

RIDGEFIELD, Conn., Feb. 18 /PRNewswire/ -- Hollywood, sports and music stars brought the public along for the ride as they raced 6,000 miles in four days to find the millions of people who may be at risk for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), which kills one person every four minutes. Through Twitter, Facebook, Flickr and YouTube, tens of thousands of people followed the celebrities as they traveled to 14 cities to screen thousands of people for this relatively unknown top...

2010-02-17 12:53:45

The ATS and the European Respiratory Society have issued official standards for the quantitative assessment of lung structure. "This is the first concise state-of-the-art review of stereological methods for lung morphometry that formulates practical guidelines for the use of advanced imaging techniques," said ATS past president, John Heffner, M.D. "The proposed standards ensure that the three dimensional window into the lung offered by advanced imaging techniques will provide the sharp and...

2010-01-19 07:00:00

FRISCO, Texas, Jan. 19 /PRNewswire/ -- OxySure® Systems, Inc. today announced that an OxySure® Model 615 was successfully used to restore oxygen saturation levels to normal values in a middle school student experiencing respiratory distress at Scoggins Middle School in the Frisco Independent School District (FISD). This is the 23rd time in less than 6 months where OxySure was used to assist FISD students suffering from medical emergencies. (Logo:...

2010-01-05 10:00:00

SUNNYVALE, Calif., Jan. 5 /PRNewswire/ -- Asthmatx Inc., today announced that it will be presenting at the 28th Annual JPMorgan Healthcare Conference on January 13, 2010, at 3:00 p.m. (PST) at the Westin St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco. During the presentation, Asthmatx will provide an overview of the company and an update on the regulatory status of its Alair® System, a device utilized in Bronchial Thermoplasty for the treatment of severe persistent asthma in patients...

2009-12-23 16:07:26

A McMaster University researcher has found the first evidence that prolonged exposure to higher levels of the pollutants found in car exhaust fumes and industrial air pollution can lead to hospitalization for pneumonia in adults aged 65 and older. Infectious disease specialist Mark Loeb led a research team to assess the effect of long-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide and sulfur dioxide, both found in motor vehicle emissions, and fine particulate matter, found in industrial air pollution, on...


Latest Respiratory system Reference Libraries

Cystic Fibrosis
2013-07-19 15:03:45

Cystic fibrosis, also called mucoviscidosis, is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder of the viscous secretions in the body. In turn, it effects the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestines, as well as all other exocrine glands in the body. The most common genetic mutation that causes CF is a deletion of three nucleotides that results in a loss of phenylalanine, an amino acid at the 508th position on the protein. It should be noted, however, that there are over a thousand other mutations that...

Pharynx
2013-03-05 15:00:19

The pharynx is situated directly after the mouth and nose and lies right before the esophagus. Formation and Orientation The pharynx is divided into three separate sections. The nasopharynx is the first part of the pharynx that lies between the soft palate and the base of the skull. The pharyngeal tonsils are located on the back wall of the nasopharynx. This portion of the pharynx is connected to the middle easr by the Eustachian tubes. The nasopharynx is linked to the nasal cavities...

Trachea
2013-01-18 11:28:50

The trachea, commonly called the windpipe, is the air passage-way from the mouth to the lungs. Non-fish vertebrae all have a trachea. The moist with mucus walls of the tube-like structure trap inhaled particles to keep them from entering the lungs. Structure The trachea is an open-ended cylindrical structure that starts at the larynx and ends at the bifurcation. It is about one inch in diameter and can run four to six inches in length. Within the pipe there are anywhere from 15 to 20...

Lung
2013-01-01 15:53:59

The lung is a vital organ that is a part of the respiratory system. Generally a person has two lungs; however, the body can function with only one. The lung’s main function is to move oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the bloodstream through gas exchange. The lungs are located lateral to the heart in the thoracic cavity. Each lung has a tip called the apex, which is superior in the body. The bases of the lungs rest on the diaphragm. They appear to be spongy due to their bundles of...

More Articles (4 articles) »