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Latest resuscitation Stories

2010-10-06 15:01:14

Patients with a severe traumatic brain injury (and not in shock because of blood loss) who received out-of-hospital administration of hypertonic fluids (a solution with increased concentration of certain electrolytes and thought to help reduce intracranial pressure) as initial resuscitation did not experience better 6-month neurologic outcomes or survival compared to patients who received a normal saline solution, according to a study in the October 6 issue of JAMA. Traumatic brain injury...

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2010-10-06 10:35:00

Performing hands-only CPR is more effective than giving someone mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, according to a study published Tuesday in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). In the study, researchers from the University of Arizona looked at 4,415 instances of adult cardiac arrest that happened in non-hospital settings between 2005 and 2009. They found that 113 of the 849 victims who received hands-only resuscitation survived (13%), while only 52 of the 666 victims who were...

2010-07-20 13:42:48

Transfusion with a trauma patient's own blood may offer a cost-effective alternative to transfusion with blood from another individual as a resuscitation method during surgery, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Injury from trauma is the leading cause of death for individuals age 1 to 44 years, and extensive blood loss plays a significant role in as many as half of these deaths, according to background information in the article....

2010-07-02 16:09:48

According to new study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology About 1 in 200 women in the US delivers her baby at home, with approximately 75% of these low-risk, single-baby births planned in advance as home deliveries. In a study published online today by the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology (AJOG), researchers from Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, analyzed the results of multiple studies from around the world. They report that less medical...

2010-06-18 14:49:00

USAID Partners with the American Academy of Pediatrics, Laerdal Medical AS and others to help reduce infant mortality in the developing world WASHINGTON, June 18 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) signed a Memorandum of Understanding this week with the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Laerdal Medical AS, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and Save the Children. The objective of...

2010-06-02 12:59:23

Patients who have excessive oxygen levels in arterial blood (hyperoxia) following resuscitation from cardiac arrest have a higher rate of death in the hospital than similar patients without arterial hyperoxia, according to a study in the June 2 issue of JAMA. The most common lethal conse­quence of cardiovascular dis­ease is sudden cardiac arrest. Even if return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) from cardiac arrest is achieved, approximately 60 percent of...

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2010-05-14 12:00:00

Korean doctors are suggesting that speeding ambulances might do more harm than good to patients receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The researchers monitored how well EMTs performed as the ambulance picked up speed by using a computerized mannequin called Resusci Anne. The depth and rate of chest compressions both increased, which made researchers worry that EMTs tended to spend less time doing CPR at high velocities. The exact reasons for the added hands-off time are not...

2010-02-24 09:07:19

A comparison of two strategies for treating severe sepsis or septic shock finds that using lactate levels measured in blood samples showed a similar short-term survival rate compared to a treatment regimen using central venous oxygen saturation measured using a specialized catheter, according to a study in the February 24 issue of JAMA. In the United States, the rate of severe sepsis hospitalizations has doubled during the last decade, with estimates indicating that at least 750,000 persons...

2009-12-01 07:10:24

People can survive cardiac arrest if they receive only chest compressions during attempts to revive them "“ as advised by the current American Heart Association guidelines. But they cannot survive without access to oxygen sometime during the resuscitation effort, research suggests. Scientists tested different scenarios in an animal study of cardiac arrest. Rats received either 100 percent oxygen, 21 percent oxygen "“ the equivalent of room air "“ or no oxygen (100 percent...

2009-11-21 10:50:07

CPR performance improved, though return of pulses and survival to discharge did not Emergency medical service (EMS) providers in the United States assess an estimated 350,000 cardiac arrests each year. Only 5 to 10 percent of people who have sudden cardiac arrest survive. Better quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) provided by prehospital EMS providers may be associated with better patient outcome. The Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) is the largest clinical research network to...


Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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