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Despite being widely available for sale in low-and-middle income countries, commercial serological tests used to detect active tuberculosis (by identifying antibodies to the tuberculosis-causing bacterium in a blood sample) do not accurately diagnose TB and, furthermore, often test positive when the patient does not have TB (false positive) and test negative when the patient actually has TB (false negative).
Two studies by a team of researchers led by Luis E. Cuevas and Mohammed Yassin from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and jointly coordinated with Andrew Ramsay at WHO-TDR Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases are published in this week's PLoS Medicine.
Two new methods to diagnosing tuberculosis, an endemic infectious disease, can be used in poor countries.
Tuberculosis (TB) is widely considered a public health concern and its treatment a public sector responsibility.
By Aggarwal, Deepak Mohapatra, P R; Rekha, V V Banu; Balasubramanian, R; Swaminathan, S; Ramachandran, R; Rahman, F; Sundaram, V; Thyagarajan, K; Selvakumar, N; Adhilakshmi, A R; Iliayas, S; Narayanan, P R Sir, Banu Rekha and colleagues' in their study found that at the end of intensive phase of tuberculosis treatment among sputum positive cases, the smear conversion rates were 58, 61, 62 per cent and culture conversion 86, 88 and 92 per cent respectively.
By Kounteya Sinha NEW DELHI: Diagnosing multi drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) will now take just two days' time.
By Kamil Zaheer NEW DELHI (Reuters) - India, with the world's highest tuberculosis (TB) caseload, said on Friday it was making good progress in its grim battle against the infectious disease with a "dramatic surge" in the number of people being treated.
As children acquire infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis from adults in their environment, the epidemiology of childhood tuberculosis (TB) follows that in adults.
- A person who stands up for something, as contrasted to a bystander who remains inactive.
- One of the upright handlebars on a traditional Inuit sled.