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Latest Royal Society Stories

Consumption And Population Control, Key Factors In Sustainable Future
2012-04-26 11:40:02

Lawrence LeBlond for RedOrbit.com Experts need to focus their attention on over-consumption in the developed world and a ballooning population throughout the poorest countries in order to bring society back down to a sustainable future, says a new report by the Royal Society. The planet is currently on a collision course with an economic and environmental catastrophe if world leaders do not come up with real solutions quickly, according to the “People and the Planet” report,...

2012-01-24 11:33:02

In cultures that permit men to take multiple wives, the intra-sexual competition that occurs causes greater levels of crime, violence, poverty and gender inequality than in societies that institutionalize and practice monogamous marriage. That is a key finding of a new University of British Columbia-led study that explores the global rise of monogamous marriage as a dominant cultural institution. The study suggests that institutionalized monogamous marriage is rapidly replacing polygamy...

2012-01-23 13:11:55

Emory University neuroscience study finds that decision-making over 'sacred values' prompts a distinct cognitive process An Emory University neuro-imaging study shows that personal values that people refuse to disavow, even when offered cash to do so, are processed differently in the brain than those values that are willingly sold. "Our experiment found that the realm of the sacred — whether it's a strong religious belief, a national identity or a code of ethics — is a...

2011-12-21 11:38:25

Biologists have learned in recent years that wild chilies develop their trademark pungency, or heat, as a defense against a fungus that could destroy their seeds. But that doesn't explain why some chilies are hot and others are not. New research provides an answer: Hot chilies growing in dry areas need more water to produce as many seeds as non-pungent plants, but the Fusarium fungus is less of a threat in dryer environments so chilies in those areas are less likely to turn up the heat. In...

Parrot Fish Are The Constant Gardeners Of The World's Reefs
2011-12-09 03:38:26

Australian scientists have urged greater consideration for the brilliantly-hued parrot fishes that tend and renew the world´s imperiled coral reefs. “Parrotfishes are the constant gardeners of the reef. They play a crucial role in keeping it healthy, suppressing weed, removing sediment and helping the corals to regrow after a setback,” explains Professor David Bellwood of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and James Cook University. In a major new study...

111870506
2011-12-05 09:27:45

Medical records contained in a Seventeenth century book are set to go on display in a new exhibition celebrating 350 years of book collecting at the Royal Society. The medical records from John Graunt´s 1679 book, Natural and Political Observations “¦ Upon the Bills of Mortality, contain such information as people dying from lethargy, itch and fright. The book also reveals that more than 30,000 people in London died of consumption between 1647 and 1657. The bills of...

Ultrasonic Nozzle Will Change The Way Water Cleans
2011-11-10 11:33:39

A team of scientists from the University of Southampton have developed a revolutionary ultrasonic attachment for taps, which massively enhances the ability of water to clean. Currently, industry uses excessive water, power and additives for cleaning. For example, it can take up to 100 tons of water to produce 1 ton of clean wool after shearing. Many industrial processes also generate large quantities of contaminated run-off. The water from hosing down an abattoir represents a real health...

Turtles Adapt Eggs For Hotter Beaches
2011-09-26 10:52:53

  'Heat-proof' eggs help turtles cope with hot beaches [ Watch the Video ] Sea turtles face an uncertain future as a warming climate threatens to reduce their reproductive viability. However, new research led by the University of Exeter and published this week in Proceedings of the Royal Society B shows that some turtles are naturally heat-tolerant. The study focused on green turtles nesting on Ascension Island, a UK overseas territory in the South Atlantic Ocean. Scientists...

Image 1 - Hitchhiking Snails Fly From Ocean To Ocean
2011-09-15 08:52:04

  Smithsonian scientists and colleagues report that snails successfully crossed Central America, long considered an impenetrable barrier to marine organisms, twice in the past million years–both times probably by flying across Mexico, stuck to the legs or riding on the bellies of shorebirds and introducing new genes that contribute to the marine biodiversity on each coast. "Just as people use airplanes to fly overseas, marine snails may use birds to fly over land," said Mark...

science-082411-003
2011-08-24 17:00:45

  A new study by scientists from the Census of Marine Life has placed the number of species of animals on planet Earth to about 8.7 million, a number based on a validated analytical technique that narrows the range much more than the previous estimate of between 3 million and 100 million. The scientists also noted that only about a quarter of all species on the planet have been discovered, and they say that many could exist in our own backyard. So far, only 1.9 million species have...


Latest Royal Society Reference Libraries

Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society
2012-05-01 10:12:50

The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society is a scientific journal published by the Royal Society of London. Established in 1665, it is the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science. It has remained in continuous publication since its inception, making it the world’s longest-running scientific journal. The use of the word “philosophical” in the title derives from the phrase “natural philosophy,” which was the equivalent of what is now generically called...

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Word of the Day
cenobite
  • One of a religious order living in a convent or in community; a monk: opposed to anchoret or hermit (one who lives in solitude).
  • A social bee.
This word comes from the Latin 'coenobium,' convent, which comes from the Greek 'koinobios,' living in community.
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