Salamandridae Reference Libraries

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Pyrenean Brook Salamander Calotriton asper
2013-10-07 15:25:48

The Pyrenean Brook Salamander (Calotriton asper) is a species of salamander belonging to the Salamandridae family. It is located in the Pyrenees of Andorra, France, and Spain. Its natural habitats include temperate forests, intermittent rivers, rivers, freshwater lakes, freshwater marshes, caves, and inland karsts. It is threatened by loss of habitat. This salamander can grow to about 3.6...

Sword Tail Newt Cynops ensicuada
2013-10-07 13:56:26

The Sword-tail Newt (Cynops ensicauda) has recently been put on Japan’s Red List of Threatened Amphibians. This newt has a very small range and can only be found in some of the southernmost islands in Japan. Occasionally, Sword-tail Newts are referred to as Fire-bellied Newts, not to be confused with the common Chinese and Japanese species, because of their bright orange colored bellies,...

Northern Crested Newt Triturus cristatus
2013-10-07 13:36:15

The Northern Crested Newt (Triturus cristatus), known also as the Great Crested Newt or Warty Newt, is a newt belonging to the family Salamandridae found across Europe and parts of Asia. Its range extends from Great Britain and Brittany in the west across much of Europe north of the Alps and the Black Sea. It’s the biggest and least common of the three newts found in the British Isles and...

California Newt Taricha torosa
2013-10-07 12:36:43

The California Newt (Taricha torosa), known also as the Orange-bellied Newt, is a newt located mainly in California. The adult length can range from 5 to 8 inches. The skin gives off a potent toxin. T. torosa is divided into two subspecies; the Sierra Newt (T. t. sierrae) and the Coastal Range Newt (T. t. torosa). The difference between these two appears to be only in the location in which...

Corsican Brook Salamander Euproctus montanus
2013-10-07 12:28:35

The Corsican Brook Salamander (Euproctus montanus), known also as the Corsican Mountain Newt, is a species of salamander belonging to the Salamandridae family. It is native to Corsica, an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is found mostly in rocky streams, springs, and rivers in forest and maquis and altitudes of over 600 meters. It is smaller than other closely related species, such as...

Rough Skinned Newt Taricha granulosa
2013-08-13 09:56:22

The Rough-skinned Newt (Taricha granulosa) is a North American Newt notorious for the strong toxin exuded from its skin. This is a stocky newt with a rounded snout. It ranges from light brown to olive or brownish-black on top, with the underside, including the head, tail, and legs, contrasting orange to yellow. The skin is granular but the males have smooth skin during the breeding season....

Fire Salamander
2008-11-14 17:32:56

The Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra), is considered the most well-known salamander species in Europe. It is found in forests in the hilly regions of southern and central Europe. Their prefer deciduous forests, as they like to hide in the fallen leaves. They will also hide under stones and wood debris. They also visit mossy tree trunks. They require clean brooks for breeding. They are...

Hong Kong Newt
2008-11-14 17:09:29

The Hong Kong Newt (Paramesotriton hongkongensis), is the only species of salamander that is found in Hong Kong. Once thought to be endemic to the area, it has also been found along the coastal regions of the Guangdong Province. It is a protected species under Wild Animals Protection Ordinance Cap 170 in Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Newt is 4.33 to 6 inches in length. The body color can be...

Emperor Newt
2008-11-14 17:06:51

The Emperor Newt (Tylototriton shanjing), also known as the Mandarin Newt or Mandarin Salamander, is a species of newt native to southeast Asia. They are found in the high mountain province of Yunnan, China, between 1000 and 2500 feet above sea level. They inhabit pools and slow-moving streams in subtropical forests. This species can grow up to 8 inches in length. It has a ridged orange head...

Marbled Newt
2008-11-14 17:04:52

The Marbled Newt (Triturus marmoratus) is a terrestrial newt native to France, northern Spain, and Portugal. They are not found in much of the Pyrenees due to dry and unstable conditions. Populations are scattered in northern France due to the presence of the Great Crested Newt. The preferred habitat of the Marbled Newt is high elevation climates. Marbled Newts have dark brown or black...

Word of the Day
  • Growing in low tufty patches.
The word 'cespitose' comes from a Latin word meaning 'turf'.