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Latest Salk Institute Stories

jet lag gene
2014-08-17 02:00:17

Salk Institute for Biological Studies Salk researchers discover a master gene responsible for sleep and wake cycles, offering hope for a drug that could help reset sleep Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have identified a gene that regulates sleep and wake rhythms. The discovery of the role of this gene, called Lhx1, provides scientists with a potential therapeutic target to help night-shift workers or jet lagged travelers adjust to time differences more...

2014-05-08 09:45:35

Salk scientists find two key proteins that regulate the growth of mammary stem cells and could contribute to breast cancer By carefully controlling the levels of two proteins, researchers at the Salk Institute have discovered how to keep mammary stem cells—those that can form breast tissue—alive and functioning in the lab. The new ability to propagate mammary stem cells is allowing them to study both breast development and the formation of breast cancers. "What we've shown is that...

2014-05-05 10:36:11

Scientists at the Salk Institute have discovered the developmental source for a key type of neuron that allows animals to walk, a finding that could help pave the way for new therapies for spinal cord injuries or other motor impairments related to disease. The spinal cord contains a network of neurons that are able to operate largely in an autonomous manner, thus allowing animals to carry out simple rhythmic walking movements with minimal attention—giving us the ability, for example, to...

hippocampus
2014-04-17 07:11:42

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In research that should provide a more detailed picture of how memory works, scientists from the Salk Institute have developed a new model explaining how neurons retain select memories a few hours after an event. “Previous models of memory were based on fast activity patterns,” study author and Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator Terry Sejnowski explained in a statement on Wednesday. “Our new model of memory makes...

Scientists Generate 'Mini-kidney' Structures From Human Stem Cells For The First Time
2013-11-18 11:37:04

Salk Institute Findings may lead to much-needed therapies for kidney disease Diseases affecting the kidneys represent a major and unsolved health issue worldwide. The kidneys rarely recover function once they are damaged by disease, highlighting the urgent need for better knowledge of kidney development and physiology. Now, a team of researchers led by scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies has developed a novel platform to study kidney diseases, opening new avenues...

Genetic Variations Found In The Brain
2013-11-04 03:33:31

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online While it was once believed that every cell in a person’s body contains the same DNA code, new research, led by experts at the Salk Institute, has found an unexpected level of variation among the genomes of different neurons originating from the same person’s brain. Previously, it was assumed that the way in which a genome is read imparts cell function and ultimately defines the individual, but the authors of the new study...

2013-08-15 09:45:07

Salk Institute findings may lead to new broad-spectrum antiviral drugs Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have discovered a powerful mechanism by which viruses such as influenza, West Nile and Dengue evade the body's immune response and infect humans with these potentially deadly diseases. The findings may provide scientists with an attractive target for novel antiviral therapies. Published in the August issue of the journal Cell Host and Microbe, the findings...

2013-07-26 11:40:47

'See-saw' molecule may offer clues to potential therapies in the long-term More than 11,000 Americans suffer spinal cord injuries each year, and since over a quarter of those injuries are due to falls, the number is likely to rise as the population ages. The reason so many of those injuries are permanently disabling is that the human body lacks the capacity to regenerate nerve fibers. The best our bodies can do is route the surviving tissue around the injury site. "It's like a detour...

Salk-Gladstone Study Helps Scientists Decode Circuitry That Guides Brain Function
2013-06-28 09:51:01

Salk Institute The power of the brain lies in its trillions of intercellular connections, called synapses that together form complex neural "networks." While neuroscientists have long sought to map these individual connections to see how they influence specific brain functions, traditional techniques have been unsuccessful. Now, scientists at the Salk Institute and the Gladstone Institutes, using an innovative brain- tracing technique, have found a way to untangle these networks. These...


Word of the Day
cruet
  • A vial or small glass bottle, especially one for holding vinegar, oil, etc.; a caster for liquids.
This word is Middle English in origin, and ultimately comes from the Old French, diminutive of 'crue,' flask.
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