Latest Sea urchin Stories
Sea urchins dig themselves hiding holes in the limestone of the ocean floor using teeth that donâ€™t go blunt.
Sea otters are known as a keystone species, filling such an important niche in ocean communities that without them, entire ecosystems can collapse. Scientists are finding, however, that sea otters can have even farther-reaching effects that extend to terrestrial communities and alter the behavior of another top predator: the bald eagle.
By Alvarado, Juan Jose Abstract: Between October 2003 and July 2005, aggregation behavior of the sea urchin Astropyga pulvinta Lamarck was studied in Bahia Culebra, Costa Rica. This sea urchin forms aggregations during part of the year and then disappears.
A recent study suggests that rising acidification of the ocean could reduce fertilization of marine invertebrates and might eventually wipe out colonies of sea urchins, lobsters, mussels and oysters.
Decreasing pH the biggest threat to marine animal life for thousands of years.
That loud noise heard along rocky reefs near New Zealand at dawn and at dusk are sea urchins chowing down -- loudly, scientists said.
SEATTLE _ The odds of growing up aren't good for baby sand dollars. Smaller than the head of a pin, the larvae drift in the ocean _ easy prey for anything with a mouth.
As oceans warm and become more acidic, ocean creatures are undergoing severe stress and entire food webs are at risk, according to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston.
Hunted to near extinction, sea otters are making a steady comeback along the Pacific coast. Their reintroduction, however, is expected to reduce the numbers of several key species of commercially valuable shellfish dramatically, such as sea urchins and geoducks.
Ecologists have long observed that when food becomes scarce, animal populations exploit a wider range of food sources.
Diadema setosum is a species of long-spined sea urchin in the family Diadematidae. It’s a typical sea urchin, which exceptionally long and hollow spines that are mildly venomous. D. setosum is different from other Diadema with five distinctive white colored dots that can be found on its body. The species is located throughout the Indo-Pacific region, from Australia and Africa to Japan and the Red Sea. Although it is capable of painful stings when stepped upon, the urchin is only somewhat...
The Eccentric Sand Dollar (Dendraster excentricus) known also as the Sea-Cake, Biscuit-Urchin, Western Sand Dollar, or the Pacific Sand Dollar, is a member of the order Clypeasteroida, better known as sand dollars, a species of flattened, burrowing sea urchins located along the Pacific Ocean from Alaska to Baja California. This species is an irregular echinoid that is flattened and burrows into the sand, unlike the regular echinoids, or sea urchins. It can be found living within the...
The Red Sea Fire Urchin or Toxic Leather Sea Urchin (Asthenosoma marisrubri) is a relatively common sea urchin with a widespread distribution within the Indo-Pacific, and was, until 1998, considered a color variant of Asthenosoma Varium. Sea urchins are close relatives are crinoids, brittle stars, sea cucumbers, and starfish, all being echinoderms. This species grows to 25 centimeters in diameter, with articulated plates making the test quite flexible. It prefers water temperatures between...
Echinus tylodes is a species of sea urchin belonging to the Echinidae family. It’s white with rather sparse pink colored spines and is native to the eastern coast of North America including the Gulf of Mexico. This species has a sub-globular test that is about two-thirds as high as it is wide and grows to a diameter of 4 inches. The joints that are between the ambulacral plates and the pores through which the tube feet project are both sunken below the general surface of the test. The...
Ophiocoma scolopendrina is a species of brittle star in the family Ophiocomidae. Ophiocoma scolopendrina, similar to other brittle star, have long and thin arms stemming from a small dish-shaped body and are around the size of an outstretched human hand. They belong to the phylum of echinoderms, which incorporates sea urchins, sea stars, and sea cucumbers. Dorsal disc and dorsal arm plates vary from black, multicolored black to a pale brown. The arms are abnormally banded. They can...
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