Latest Second Stories
A team of physicists from the United States and Russia announced today* that it has developed a means for computing, with unprecedented accuracy, a tiny, temperature-dependent source of error in atomic clocks.
A matchbook-sized atomic clock 100 times smaller than its commercial predecessors has been created by a team of researchers at Symmetricom Inc Draper Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories.
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have built an enhanced version of an experimental atomic clock based on a single aluminum atom that is now the world's most precise clock, more than twice as precise as the previous pacesetter based on a mercury atom.
The world's best caesium atomic clocks control Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), an atomic time scale on which the time zones used in everyday life are based.
PTB researchers want to construct the "atomic clock of the future" much more simply and more compactly than the previous elaborate laboratory set-ups.
An experimental atomic clock based on ytterbium atoms is about four times more accurate than it was several years ago, giving it a precision comparable to that of the NIST-F1 cesium fountain clock, the nation's civilian time standard, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report in Physical Review Letters.
Researchers have figured out how to nullify collision effects and make the clock still more precise.
Institute of Quantum Electronics, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Peking University, has proposed the concept, principles and techniques of active optical clock.
Caesium fountains are more accurate than "normal" atomic caesium clocks, because in fountains the caesium atoms are cooled down with the aid of laser beams and come ever slower - from a rapid velocity at room temperature to a slow "creep pace" of a few centimetres per second at a temperature close to the absolute zero point.
A British research scientist said a leap second would be tacked on to the end of 2008 to correct for eccentricities in the Earth's rotation. Peter Whibberley, a senior research scientist at Britain's National Physical Laboratory, said the world's official clock, the atomic Coordinated Universal Time, would recognize the extra second Wednesday night immediately before midnight, CNN reported. The difference between atomic time and Earth time has now built up to the point where it needs to be...
Cesium (or Caesium) is a chemical element with the symbol Cs and atomic number 55. Caesium is a soft alkali metal that is silvery-gold. It melts and liquefies at 83 degrees Fahrenheit and is one of only five metals that are liquid close to room temperature. Caesium is a metal that is most widely known for its use in atomic clocks. Cesium comes from the Latin word caesius meaning "˜bluish-gray'. It was discovered in 1860 by Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff in Durkheim, Germany in mineral...
- A volcanic mudflow.