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Seed Reference Libraries

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Recalcitrant seeds
2013-08-21 08:52:36

Recalcitrant seeds are seeds that have to be protected from certain elements, such as drying and freezing, to remain viable. Seeds must be maintained at temperatures no less than 50 degrees Fahrenheit and does not have long shelf lives. Damage to the seeds results when they are allowed to dry out excessively, damaging the intracellular structures of the seeds, along with the forming of toxic...

Seed bank
2013-07-31 15:37:35

Seed banks are gene pools of seeds from food crops and other rare species. If seeds from the reserves are destroyed, seeds from seed banks can be used to generate new crops. Seed banks are not open to the public as are seed libraries or seed swaps. Maintaining seeds in a seed bank will preserve the seeds during times of natural disasters, disease outbreaks, or even war. SEED DORMANCY...

Seed Drilling
2013-05-18 07:39:11

Seed drilling is a method used by farmers in order to have a more unified, crop-yielding season. The first known use of seed drilling was in 1500 BC by the Sumerian. At this time, they were using a single tube. Later, in the 2nd Century BC, the Chinese developed a multi-tube iron drill. This facilitated in a larger crop planting allowing them to feed their large population. The first...

Seed Saving
2013-05-18 07:22:11

Seed saving is the preserving of seeds from mature vegetables, herbs, and flowers used in subsequent years along with bulbs and tubers. Home gardeners have saved seeds for generations and the practice is now becoming common with organic farmers as well as permaculturists. Growers will clone plants so as not to produce seeds keeping the plant “true to type” to the parent plant. True to...

Biennial Plant
2013-04-27 07:50:37

Biennial plants have a two year life cycle; roots, stems and leaves in the first year with flowers following the next year after a cold winter dormant period. Biennials will produce seed and fruit before dying. There are not as many biennial plants as there are perennials or annuals. Biennial plants, when exposed to extreme climate conditions, may have a shortened life cycle of a few months...

Annual Plant
2013-04-27 07:44:51

Annuals are plants that flower and/or set fruit in one growing season. Most vegetables are annuals as well as domesticated grains. Vegetables such as carrot and celery are biennials grown as an annual whereas tomato and bell pepper are perennials and grown as an annual. Annuals grow well mixed in with perennials and biennials. There are also ornamental flowers that are perennials in one region...

Sahara Mustard Brassica tournefortii
2009-04-28 15:40:33

Brassica tournefortii is a species of mustard plant that is more commonly known as Asian, African and Sahara mustard. It is very similar to other mustard species blooming annually with long stems reaching just over 3 feet in length, but the flowers are a duller yellow. Indigenous to North Africa and the Middle East, this species was transported accidentally to the United States by humans. It...

Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis
2009-04-28 13:36:17

Blue Grama is an indigenous perennial grass in North America ranging in color from green to a greenish grey with a long life span in warm conditions. It can be found in southern parts of Canada through the Midwestern United States and down into Mexico. Blue grama can thrive in a variety of topographic regions and soil textures. The plant ranges in height from 6 to 12 inches with a root span...

Sunflower Helianthus annuus
2005-06-23 11:53:34

The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant in the family Asteraceae. The stem of the flower can grow up to 3 meters tall and the large flower head can reach up to 30cm in diameter. The sunflower is notable for turning to face the Sun, a behavior known as heliotropism. History Sunflowers are native to the Americas, and were domesticated around 1000 B.C. Francisco Pizarro found...

Asian Palmyra Palm Borassus flabellifer
2009-03-27 18:01:18

The Asian Palmyra Palm, Borassus flabellifer, is a plant in the Borassus genus. Other names for the tree are the toddy palm, sugar palm, and Cambodian palm. It is a vigorous tree, living 100 years or more. It is held aloft at 98 feet high on a large, sturdy trunk that resembles a coconut, and is ringed with leaf scars. The leaves create a canopy of several dozen fronds spreading across 10...

Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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