Latest Seismology Stories

Pamir Tien Shan Earthquakes And Tectonics
2013-08-27 14:07:16

Helmholtz Association Real time observation of shear waves on the Earth's surface, first direct observation of subducting continental crust during the collision of two continents Earthquake damage to buildings is mainly due to the existing shear waves which transfer their energy during an earthquake to the houses. These shear waves are significantly influenced by the underground and the topography of the surrounding area. Detailed knowledge of the landform and the near-surface...

Slow Earthquakes May Predict Larger Events
2013-08-16 06:37:57

Penn State Monitoring slow earthquakes may provide a basis for reliable prediction in areas where slow quakes trigger normal earthquakes, according to Penn State geoscientists. "We currently don't have any way to remotely monitor when land faults are about to move," said Chris Marone, professor of geophysics. "This has the potential to change the game for earthquake monitoring and prediction, because if it is right and you can make the right predictions, it could be big." Marone and...

Humans Causing Seismic Activity
2013-07-12 08:57:39

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two studies published in the journal Science have both found human geologic activities could be causing nearby seismic activity. One study found that massive earthquakes from around the world have been triggering localized seismic events surrounding waste-fluid injection wells in the central United States. Large amounts of water are used in both hydrofracking and the more conventional mining of oil and gas from underground wells. After...

2013-07-10 15:17:01

USGS is incorporating quick and inexpensive approaches to enhance earthquake research The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other scientific institutions are using social media and crowdsourcing to learn more about earthquakes, according to a new report. These techniques provide inexpensive and rapid data to augment and extend the capabilities provided by traditional monitoring techniques. The new report, Transforming Earthquake Detection and Science Through Citizen Seismology, released...

Airplane Scans New Madrid For Geological Activity
2013-07-10 09:36:18

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Folks living near the Mississippi River where Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri and Kentucky converge should expect to see a low-flying, red-and-white Cessna today. Do not be alarmed, U.S. Geological Survey officials announced. The region, known as the New Madrid seismic zone, is of particular interest to geologists and the federal agency is using low-level flights, being performed by specially trained pilots, to detect subtle local...

2013-06-18 15:37:09

Is this where the expected Marmara earthquake will originate from? Earthquake researchers have now identified a 30 kilometers long and ten kilometers deep area along the North Anatolian fault zone just south of Istanbul that could be the starting point for a strong earthquake. The group of seismologists including Professor Marco Bohnhoff of the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences reported in the current online issue of the scientific journal Nature (Nature Communications, DOI:...

Earthquake Sounds Help Predict Tsunamis
2013-06-07 11:27:11

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While seismologists have the ability to detect undersea earthquakes, they don´t know which ones will turn into tsunamis. Some ocean-based sensors are able to detect an approaching tsunami, but they can only provide a few minutes of advanced warning. According to a new report in The“¯Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, two Stanford University researchers have identified key acoustic characteristics of the...

Latest Seismology Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Seismology is the scientific study of earthquakes and the spread of elastic waves through the Earth or through other planet-like bodies. The field includes studies of earthquake effects, such as tsunamis in addition to diverse seismic sources such as tectonic, volcanic, oceanic, atmospheric, and artificial processes. A related field that utilizes geology to infer information regarding past earthquakes is paleoseismology. A recording of earth motion as a function of time is a seismogram. A...

2010-11-15 18:30:29

The Richter scale assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released by an earthquake. The scale uses a base-10 logarithm by calculating the logarithm of the combined horizontal amplitude of the largest displacement from zero on a particular type of seismometer. A earthquake measuring 5.0 on the Richter scale has a shaking amplitude 10 times larger than one that measures 4.0. The moment magnitude, calibrated to give generally similar value for medium-sized...

2010-10-07 16:05:32

The Seismometer is an instrument designed to measure the motions of the ground. This includes seismic waves generated by earthquakes, nuclear explosions, and other seismic sources. Records of these activities allow seismologists to map the interior of the Earth, and locate and measure the size of the different sources. There are also seismographs, which is sometimes used in place of the word seismometer. However, a seismograph is the older instrument in which the measuring and recording...

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