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Latest Sexual selection Stories

2012-04-02 15:49:26

Picky females play a critical role in the survival and diversity of species, according to a Nature study by researchers from the University of British Columbia and the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in Austria. To date, biodiversity theories have focused on the role played by adaptations to the environment: the species best equipped to cope with a habitat would win out, while others would gradually go extinct. The new study presents the first theoretical model...

Bonobos‘ Unusual Success Story
2012-01-24 04:00:24

Dominant males invest in friendly relationships with females Mate competition by males over females is common in many animal species. During mating season male testosterone levels rise, resulting in an increase in aggressive behavior and masculine features. Male bonobos, however, invest much more into friendly relationships with females. Elevated testosterone and aggression levels would collide with this increased tendency towards forming pair-relationships. Bonobos are among the...

Study Indicates When Females Are Scarce, Men Spend More
2012-01-17 05:25:49

From peacocks to stags, it has long been commonplace knowledge amongst evolutionary biologists that males of many animal species tend to strut their stuff more ostentatiously the more scarce their potential female mates become. It´s known to scientists as sexual selection, and a recent study has demonstrated another specific effect of it in our own species. According to a study published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, it seems that men may be more inclined to...

Male Spiders Eavesdrop To One-Up Their Rivals
2012-01-04 11:18:01

[ Watch the Video ] Just published this month, new research shows how spiders eavesdrop on other males and copy their courtship signals as a likely means of stealing their mate. Researchers have made a new discovery into the complex world of spiders that reflects what some might perceive as similar behavior in human society. As male wolf spiders go searching for a mate, it appears they eavesdrop, match and even try to outdo the mating dances of their successful rivals, a behavior seen...

2011-12-07 11:21:28

Scientists have observed a strategy for females to avoid unwanted male attention: choosing more attractive friends. Published today (7 December) in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the study is the first to show females spending time with those more sexually attractive than themselves to reduce harassment from males. Carried out by the Universities of Exeter and Copenhagen, the study focuses on the Trinidadian guppy, a species of small freshwater fish. It shows that the...

2011-12-01 22:34:42

News tips from the December issue of the American Naturalist Article Highlights from the December issue of The American Naturalist:     Columbia River Salmon are Adapting to Climate Change     Predators Keep Local Frogs In Uniform     Can sexual selection's bizarre creations sometimes set evolution on a path to novel survival strategies? For the complete table of contents for the December issue, go to www.journals.uchicago.edu/an....

2011-10-13 18:35:50

Grim economic times could cause men to seek more sexual partners, giving them more chances to reproduce, according to research by Omri Gillath, a social psychology professor at the University of Kansas. Men are likely to pursue short-term mating strategies when faced with a threatening environment, according to sexual selection theory based on evolutionary psychology. When made to think about their own death, which mimics conditions of "low survivability," Gillath and his colleagues...

Female Mate Searching Evolves When Mating Gifts Are Important
2011-09-28 12:34:39

In the animal world, males typically search for their female partners. The mystery is that in some species, you get a reversal -- the females search for males. A new study of katydids in the latest issue of the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B -- co-authored by University of Toronto Mississauga professor Darryl Gwynne -- supports a theory that females will search if males offer a lot more than just sperm. "In this beast [in this study], it's a big cheesy, gooey substance that...

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2011-08-17 10:39:49

While the early bird might catch the worm, it's the quick bird that lands the ladies, according to new research into the running performance of an Arctic cousin of the grouse. Scientists studying rock ptarmigan on the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard discovered a large difference in the running capabilities between the sexes, with the larger males able to run more efficiently and up to 50% faster than females. The University of Manchester team suggested that faster, efficient male birds are...

2011-06-29 06:59:46

(Ivanhoe Newswire) "“ The U.S. FDA notes "some concern" with the chemical BPA and some countries have considered BPA product bans. Still, scientists disagree about the effects of BPA on animals and humans. This study shows BPA to cause male deer mice to become demasculinized and behave more like females in their spatial navigational abilities, leading scientists to believe that exposure to BPA during human development could be damaging to behavioral and cognitive traits that are unique...