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Last updated on April 21, 2014 at 8:55 EDT

Latest Soil biology Stories

2013-07-24 10:23:57

A simple, low-cost and eco-friendly method of creating nitrogen-doped graphene nanoplatelets (NGnPs), which could be used in dye-sensitized solar cells and fuel cells, is published in Scientific Reports today. The work, carried out at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) in South Korea, could be a step towards replacing conventional platinum (Pt)-based catalysts for energy conversion. The search for economically viable alternatives to fossil fuels has attracted...

Earthworm Poop Could Help Improve Climate Change Models
2013-07-09 04:49:08

Susan Bowen for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A recent discovery about earthworm excrement could help scientists improve our models of future climate change. Most earthworms excrete balls of calcium carbonate crystals, a chalk-like material. What makes these crystals interesting is that they retain a memory of the temperature at which they were created. Scientists at the Universities of Reading and York conducted an experiment in which earthworms were kept at differing...

Ocean Food Chain Likely Disrupted By Climate Change
2013-07-03 08:08:44

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study from the University of Southern California (USC) reveals climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain by selecting certain strains for survival. There are winners and losers in everything, including climate change. Knowing which organisms will thrive and which will perish as atmospheric carbon dioxide levels and temperatures rise globally is increasingly important to...

2013-06-24 23:24:16

WA Shipton pens informational new book, ‘The Biology of Fungi Impacting Human Health’ WISHART, Australia (PRWEB) June 24, 2013 “Fungi have become increasingly significant determinants of human health and may cause as heavy a burden to health as viruses, bacteria and parasites,” author WA Shipton states. With the desire to make information about the biology of fungi impacting human health more readily available, Shipton penned his new book “The Biology of Fungi Impacting Human...

Effects Of Predators On Carbon Cycle
2013-06-18 09:44:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The predator-prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem, according to a new study from the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. The findings, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, may offer a new way of looking at biodiversity management and carbon storage for climate change. The study examines the relationship between grasshoppers (herbivores) and spiders (predators)...

Oceans Of The Past Give Clues To The Future
2013-06-15 05:39:41

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The oceans of the past were quite different than the ones we see today. Ocean temperatures are increasing due to global warming, and these increases are harming marine food webs. Coastal dead zones are also being created by the run-off from fertilizers. An international team of researchers, led by McGill University, has completed the first global study of changes that occurred during the nitrogen cycle at the end of the last ice age....

Scientists Uncover Secrets Of Biological Soil Crust Microbes
2013-06-14 18:39:19

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A new study from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California has found the biological soil crust (BSC) layer of a desert contains microbes that lie in wait for the ideal conditions to begin metabolic activity. “We found a way to measure from start to finish in real unaltered samples the molecular events behind the response of cyanobacterium to wetting and drying in a desert BSC,” said...

2013-04-24 10:54:56

The overuse of nitrogen fertilizers in agriculture can wreak havoc on waterways, health and the environment. An international team of scientists aims to lessen the reliance on these fertilizers by helping beans and similar plants boost their nitrogen production, even in areas with traditionally poor soil quality. Researchers from the Center of Plant Genomics and Biotechnology at the Technical University of Madrid (UPM) and the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at the U.S. Department of...

2013-04-22 09:59:09

A new global-scale modeling study that takes into account nitrogen — a key nutrient for plants — estimates that carbon emissions from human activities on land were 40 percent higher in the 1990s than in studies that did not account for nitrogen. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of Bristol Cabot Institute published their findings in the journal Global Change Biology. The findings will be a part of the upcoming Fifth Assessment...

Atmospheric Nitrogen Levels Have Remained Stable Over Past 500 Years Despite Widespread Emissions
2013-03-21 16:16:59

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Despite widespread use of fertilizers and nitrogen emissions by industrial processes, the amount of atmospheric nitrogen has remained consistent over the past 500 years, according to a new study in Nature. "People have been really interested in nitrogen in current times because it's a major pollutant," said study co-author Kendra McLauchlan, an assistant professor of geography at Kansas State University. "Humans are producing a lot...