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Latest Soil carbon Stories

Invasive Plants Can Accelerate The Greenhouse Effect
2014-07-02 03:04:01

Clemson University Clemson University scientists are shedding new light on how invasion by exotic plant species affects the ability of soil to store greenhouse gases. The research could have far-reaching implications for how we manage agricultural land and native ecosystems. In a paper published in the scientific journal New Phytologist, plant ecologist Nishanth Tharayil and graduate student Mioko Tamura show that invasive plants can accelerate the greenhouse effect by releasing carbon...

Fungi Fight Climate Change
2014-01-09 12:01:24

Ranjini Raghunath for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most people know fungi as the yeast that makes their bread or the mold that leaves them wheezing at night. But there are hundreds of these creatures working quietly on the sidelines to make the world a better place: from brewing beer to keeping the soil fertile and now, it turns out, combating climate change. A new study published online in Nature reveals that fungi, not plants, are the real champions in the battle against...

Forest Soil Traps More Carbon Than Thought
2013-04-01 14:02:36

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online The planting and expansion of forests not only allows for the trapping of carbon in the trees themselves, it also fosters carbon absorption in the soil where the trees are rooted. Previous studies have shown that more carbon is sequestered in forest soils that in the trees, but according to new research in“¯the“¯Soil Science Society of America Journal, newly forested lands show a marked increase in carbon...

New Protocol Developed For Measuring Soil Organic Carbon Sequestration
2013-02-01 14:39:04

University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences Increased levels of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide (CO2), have been associated with the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, cultivation of grasslands, drainage of the land, and land use changes. Concerns about long-term shifts in climate patterns have led scientists to measure soil organic carbon (SOC) in agricultural landscapes and to develop methods to evaluate how changes in tillage...

2012-11-12 11:06:46

Fertilizing one's lawn is considered a necessary practice, as is with most agricultural crops. But how many people know about fertilizing a commercial forest, and how that might affect the environment and their investment? Dr. Jason Vogel, assistant professor of forest ecosystem science within the Texas A&M University department of ecosystem science and management, is studying just how much difference fertilization can make to the productivity of the forest and carbon sequestration....

Rising Carbon Dioxide In Atmosphere Speeds Carbon Loss From Forest Soils
2012-07-10 15:29:04

Underappreciated player in carbon storage should be included in global change models, researcher says Elevated levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide accelerate carbon cycling and soil carbon loss in forests, new research led by an Indiana University biologist has found. The new evidence supports an emerging view that although forests remove a substantial amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, much of the carbon is being stored in living woody biomass rather than as dead organic...

2011-11-09 10:33:10

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) scientists have found that carbon is stored in the soils and sediments of the Ganges-Brahmaputra basin for a surprisingly long time, making it likely that global warming could destabilize the pool of carbon there and in similar places on Earth, potentially increasing the rate of CO2 release into the atmosphere. The study, published in the current online edition of Nature Geoscience, examined the radiocarbon content of river sediments collected...

2011-08-31 14:30:39

An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy examines the carbon sequestration potential of Miscanthus plantations on commercial farms. Researchers evaluated Miscanthus plantations in Ireland, where planting has been subsidized by the government. Carbon sequestration is expected to vary among different farming practices and soil characteristics. They found significant soil carbon sequestration under Miscanthus on both former tilled land and former grasslands after...

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2011-08-15 07:17:54

A new study shows that as climate change enhances tree growth in tropical forests, the resulting increase in litterfall could stimulate soil micro-organisms leading to a release of stored soil carbon. The research was led by scientists from the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and the University of Cambridge, UK. The results are published online August 14, 2011 in the scientific journal Nature Climate Change. The researchers used results from a six-year experiment in a rainforest at the...


Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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