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Latest Soil Stories

Defrosting Permafrost Could Add To Climate Woes
2012-10-30 09:14:35

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As global warming extends its balmy fingers further into the Arctic regions, defrosting permafrost could release up to 44 billion tons of nitrogen and 850 tons of carbon into the atmosphere, according to a new study from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The doubling of atmospheric carbon that would result from such an unprecedented thaw figures to impact ecosystems, the atmosphere, the Earth´s lakes and rivers, the researchers...

2012-10-26 12:27:04

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) research confirms that the time-tested practice of amending crop soils with manure also can help restore soils on damaged post-mining landscapes. Thousands of acres of land with little or no vegetation, once mined for lead and zinc, remain throughout an area of southwestern Missouri, southeastern Kansas, and northeastern Oklahoma. The mining activities also left behind a legacy of lead-contaminated acidic soils, toxic smelter sites, and large...

Salt Marshes Disappearing
2012-10-18 21:05:22

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: Why Our Salt Marshes Are Falling Apart ] Salt marshes along the eastern coast of the United States have been disappearing over the past two decades and a group of American researchers led by Linda Deegan of the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) in Woods Hole, Mass. has shown that an influx of phosphorus- and nitrogen-based nutrients is partly to blame. These nutrients come from untreated sewage systems and...

Lunar Water Found In Apollo Soil Samples
2012-10-15 04:11:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Water molecules discovered in soil samples collected from the moon could have indirectly originated from the sun, claim the authors of a new study published Sunday in the journal Nature Geoscience. The researchers studied soil samples brought back from the lunar surface during the Apollo missions, and discovered that they contained compounds known as hydroxyls, which are essentially substructures of an H2O molecule, according to...

Mathematics Of Decomposition And Carbon Dioxide
2012-10-04 07:48:18

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The fall leaves look like confetti piling up in your back yard with brilliant reds, golds, and oranges. They can be thought of as natural stores of carbon, as well as a beautiful nuisance that you have to rake up each Autumn. Leaves soak up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in the spring, converting the gas into organic carbon compounds. In the fall, the leaves fall from the trees and decompose in the soil as they are eaten by...

2012-09-21 23:01:03

Exploring how biological farming can benefit your crops, livestock and profitability. Blue Mounds, WI (PRWEB) September 21, 2012 Midwestern BioAg, a leader in biological farming for more than 25 years, announced today they will be featured in an upcoming episode of American Farmer. Founded in 1984, Midwestern BioAg provides agronomy and livestock products and services through its network of trained sales consultants to over 3,500 farmers in 22 states. MBA operates blending facilities in...


Latest Soil Reference Libraries

Sheet Mulching
2013-08-05 12:36:35

Sheet mulching, or lasagna gardening, is the process of turning barren ground into a more nourishing garden without digging. It is a layered system that can be used for a yard garden or a topical box garden. Starting at the bottom is a weed proof barrier, like newspaper or cardboard. On top of that is a twelve-inch layer of compost or mulch material such as old clothes, yard clippings, and manure, which provides for nutrient rich soil. Weed-free soil is added prior to planting the desired...

Desertification
2013-04-02 09:46:56

Desertification is a form of land degradation in which a comparatively dry land area becomes more and more arid, normally losing its bodies of water along with its wildlife and vegetation. This is a result of a variety of factors, such as climate change and human activities. Desertification is an important global, ecological, and environmental issue. There is substantial controversy over the proper definition of the term “desertification”. The most broadly accepted of these is that of...

Land Degradation
2013-04-02 09:20:15

Land degradation is a process in which the value of the biophysical environment is affected by one or more combination of human-induced processes acting on the land. It is also the gradual destruction or reduction of the quality and quantity of human activities, animal activities or natural means. It is viewed as any change or disturbance to the land perceived to be deleterious or unwanted. Natural hazards are not included in the causes; however, human activities can indirectly affect...

Erosion
2013-04-01 12:48:39

Erosion is the process by which rock and soil are taken from the surface of the Earth by exogenetic processes like wind or the flow of water, and then transported and deposited in another location. While erosion is a natural process, human activities have increased by 10 to 40 times the rate at which erosion is happening globally. Excessive erosion results in problems such as desertification, decreases in agricultural productivity because of land degradation, sedimentation of waterways,...

Soil Salinity
2013-04-01 11:15:13

Soil salinity is the salt content within the soil; the process of increasing the content of salt is known as salination. Salt is a natural element of water and soils. Salination can be a result of natural processes such as the gradual withdrawal of an ocean or mineral weathering. It can be caused by artificial processes such as irrigation as well. Soils that are affected by salt are a result of excess accumulation of salts, normally most obvious at the surface of the soil. Salts can be...

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Word of the Day
malpais
  • The ragged surface of a lava-flow.
'Malpais' translates from Spanish as 'bad land.'