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Latest Solar flare Stories

2011-08-24 12:00:00

WASHINGTON, Aug. 24, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Two studies appearing in the Aug. 25 issue of the journal Nature provide new insights into a cosmic accident that has been streaming X-rays toward Earth since late March. NASA's Swift satellite first alerted astronomers to intense and unusual high-energy flares from the new source in the constellation Draco. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) "Incredibly, this source is still producing X-rays and may remain...

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2011-08-19 07:55:00

Researchers at Reading University said that solar storms are likely to become more disruptive to planes and spacecraft within decades. The team predicts that once the Sun shifts towards an era of lower solar activity, more hazardous radiation will reach Earth. The researchers said in Geophysical Research Letters that the Sun is currently at a grand solar maximum, which is a phase that began in the 1920s. Mike Lockwood, professor of space environment physics at Reading, said in a statement:...

2011-08-18 13:00:00

WASHINGTON, Aug. 18, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA spacecraft observations and new data processing techniques are giving scientists better insight into the evolution and development of solar storms that can damage satellites, disrupt communications and cause power grid failures on Earth. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The solar storms, called Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs), are being observed from NASA's twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory,...

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2011-08-09 14:55:00

NASA said on Tuesday that the sun unleashed the biggest solar flare in four years. The NOAA GOES satellite measured an X6.9 flare on August 9, 2011 at 3:48 a.m. EDT The bursts of radiation cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to harm humans on the ground, but it can disrupt GPS and communications signal, according to NASA. "It was a big flare," Joe Kunches, a space scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Space Weather Prediction Center told CBS News....

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2011-08-07 05:30:00

American government scientists are warning users of satellite, telecommunication, and electrical equipment to be prepared for potential disruptions due to the recent occurrence of solar flares in the sun, Reuters reported on Saturday. Earlier last week, three coronal mass ejections (CMEs) were released by the sun following solar flares -- the first on August 2 and two others the following day. The initial CME arrived at Earth on August 4, around 5pm EDT, while the remaining two combined and...

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2011-07-12 10:30:00

By Dr. Tony Phillips - Science@NASA On June 7, 2011, Earth-orbiting satellites detected a flash of X-rays coming from the western edge of the solar disk. Registering only "M" (for medium) on the Richter scale of solar flares, the blast at first appeared to be a run-of-the-mill eruption--that is, until researchers looked at the movies. "We'd never seen anything like it," says Alex Young, a solar physicist at the Goddard Space Flight Center. "Half of the sun appeared to be blowing itself to...

2011-07-07 13:45:00

WHITE SPRINGS, Fla., July 7, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA and others are warning of oncoming solar flares that will be similar to the 1882 TRANSIT OF VENUS solar storm that burned up Western Union which was the only technology then. Experts advise oncoming flares will burn up anything solid-state such as computers, radio and TV transmitters and cell towers as they all use some form of DC 70 Volt bus systems. Eastern Canada was hit by a small flare in 1989 and it burned out power...

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2011-06-23 06:30:00

By Dr. Tony Phillips - Science@NASA In Sept. 1859, on the eve of a below-average1 solar cycle, the sun unleashed one of the most powerful storms in centuries. The underlying flare was so unusual, researchers still aren't sure how to categorize it.  The blast peppered Earth with the most energetic protons in half-a-millennium, induced electrical currents that set telegraph offices on fire, and sparked Northern Lights over Cuba and Hawaii. This week, officials have gathered at the National...

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2011-06-15 12:50:00

Scientists at George Mason University discovered that a phenomenon called a giant magnetic rope is the source for solar storms. The researchers made the discovery by using images from the NASA Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) spacecraft. Scientists had previously been unable to prove that the magnetic rope was the cause of solar storms. However, using images taken by the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) telescope aboard the SDO, the team was able to pinpoint an area of the sun where a...

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2011-06-10 10:17:04

ESA's Proba-2 small Sun-watcher was among the flotilla of satellites on watch as the Sun erupted spectacularly this week. After years of relative quietness, the Sun is waking up. Tuesday 7 June saw a medium-class M2.5 solar flare, associated with a proton storm, a coronal mass ejection that glanced past Earth on Thursday 9 June and an accompanying burst of radio energy. ESA's Proba-2 satellite was launched in November 2009, during the most inactive period of the solar cycle, but now the Sun...


Latest Solar flare Reference Libraries

6_b41df2b5116346e900bfb8a97da136be2
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Photosphere -- The photosphere of an astronomical object is the region at which the optical depth becomes one. In other words, the photosphere is the place where an object stops being transparent. It is typically used to describe the Sun or another star. Because stars are large balls of gas, they have no solid surface. However, there is a depth at which the gas stops being transparent to photons, and this depth provides a visual surface to the star. The Sun's photosphere has a...

6_9f9676753bcc717a861f93bfceb7d2f82
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Corona -- The corona is the luminous "atmosphere" of the Sun extending millions of kilometers into space, most easily seen during a total solar eclipse. An interesting feature of the corona is the fact that it is much hotter than the visible "surface" of the Sun; the photosphere is approximately 6000°C compared to the corona at over one million °C. The corona is much less dense than the photosphere, however, and so produces less light. The exact mechanism by which the corona is...

6_4d16b7c37ad5d88de63c76846431dbc72
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Chromosphere -- The chromosphere (literally, "color sphere") is a thin layer of the Sun's atmosphere just above the photosphere, roughly 10,000 kilometers deep. The chromosphere is more visually transparent than the photosphere. The most common solar feature within the chromosphere are spicules, long thin fingers of luminous gas which appear like the blades of a huge field of fiery grass growing upwards from the photosphere below. Spicules rise to the top of the chromosphere and then sink...

4_d3a853c28ff70a676427cf8e42fced4f2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Wind -- Solar wind, a stream of particles (mostly high-energy protons ~ 500 Kev) that is continually ejected from the surface of the Sun. The composition of this plasma is identical to the Sun's corona, 73% hydrogen and 25% helium with the remainder as trace impurities, and is ionized. Near Earth, the velocity of the solar wind varies from 200km/s-889km/s. The average is 450 km/s. Approximately 3000 tons of material is lost from the Sun every hour as solar wind. Since solar...

4_641fa07d2f22a90aec48fb5581337d772
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Maximum -- The Sun, a roiling ball of plasma, occupies its place in space approximately 93 million miles from Earth. Though it seems simple to inhabitants of this planet -- the Sun shines, giving light and heat -- the processes occurring in the Sun are so complex that many scientists devote their careers to just one aspect of solar activity. Changes in the activity of the Sun particularly engage solar scientists. Whether fluctuations in the solar magnetic field, expulsions of...

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