Latest Solar flare Stories

Space Weather Prediction Systems Need To Be More Reliable
2013-07-06 04:29:18

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online The residents of Earth have a vested interest in being able to accurately predict solar activity, particularly events such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These eruptions spew energetic charged particles into the solar system at fantastic rates, which have the potential to damage orbiting satellites and even ground based power grids. Our first line of defense against solar activity is knowing when to...

Fascinating Features On Sun Captured By Solar Dynamics Observatory
2013-07-05 13:32:39

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists studying the solar atmosphere have spotted some fascinating moving features in the Sun's sky. A team using the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) telescope on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite has found unusual solar prominences, including: a giant disc that rotates for several hours; feathery streams as long as fifty Earths; a super-heated jet striking the top of a prominence; and twisted ribbons flowing...

Scientists Study Coronal Loops To Gain Insight Into Solar Dynamics
2013-07-02 18:21:44

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com -- Your Universe Online Solar flares and the even more violent Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are spectacular events, driving enormous amounts of energy and streams of charged particles into space. While researchers have had the opportunity to study these events for decades, we are still learning about what initiates these explosions. Previous studies have revealed that twisted magnetic field lines within the solar structure will pierce the surface...

Suck It Up! Sun Provides Insight Into How Young Stars Grow
2013-06-21 04:26:50

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Our Sun erupted on June 7, 2011, sending tons of hot plasma blasting into space. Some of the plasma fell back to the surface of the Sun, sparking bright flashes of ultraviolet light. A new study from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (CfA) examines the dramatic event to provide new insights into how young stars grow by consuming nearby gas. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory captured the eruption and subsequent...

Nearby Flare Star Gives Burst Of Light
2013-06-14 12:17:36

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Within a span of three minutes, a star in the Usra Major constellation less than 16 light-years from Earth gave off a massive flare, making the object 15 times brighter than normal, according to a new report in the journal Astrophysics. The star, known as WX“¯UMa, is a so-called flare star, a class of stars which can become 100 times or more brighter within a few seconds or minutes. These flares appear to be randomly...

M5.9 Solar Flare Emitted By The Sun
2013-06-11 09:18:19

NASA The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 6:49 p.m. on June 7, 2013. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing, anywhere from minutes to hours. This flare is classified as an...

Balloon Solar Observatory Sunrise Ready To Launch
2013-06-04 11:52:36

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany has announced the upcoming launch of its balloon-based solar observatory Sunrise after its team performs one last ground-based test. Outfitted with the biggest solar telescope to have ever left the Earth's surface, a helium-filled balloon will lift Sunrise 2 almost 22 miles above the ground where it will begin observations of the Sun. Four years ago,...

Magnetic Field Model Of Sun Explains Solar Activity Cycles
2013-05-23 08:32:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Since the 18th Century, scientists have been aware that the Sun oscillates between periods of high and low solar activity in an 11-year cycle. So far, though, they have been unable to fully explain how this cycle is generated. Understanding the Sun´s magnetic activity has become increasingly important as we rely more on our electronic devices. Changes in the magnetic field are responsible for “space weather”...

M-Class Solar Flare And Two Coronal Mass Ejections Detected Mid-Week
2013-05-23 07:00:42

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As the peak year of the solar maximum picks up in intensity, NASA´s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) observed yet another solar flare and two coronal mass ejections (CMEs) mid-week. On Wednesday May 22 the sun emitted an M7 solar flare, which peaked at about 9:38 a.m. EDT. While it was not immediately clear if the M-class flare also produced a CME, NASA confirmed later that the flare was associated with a CME. While this CME...

Coronal Mass Ejection Heads Toward Earth This Weekend
2013-05-19 07:37:21

[WATCH VIDEO: Coronal Mass Ejection On May 17, 2013] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online On May 17, the sun unleashed an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection (CME) at 5:24 a.m. EDT sending billions of tons of solar particles into space. The matter from this CME will likely reach Earth in one to three days and potentially affect electronic systems in satellites and possibly the International Space Station (ISS). NASA research models based on observations from...

Latest Solar flare Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Photosphere -- The photosphere of an astronomical object is the region at which the optical depth becomes one. In other words, the photosphere is the place where an object stops being transparent. It is typically used to describe the Sun or another star. Because stars are large balls of gas, they have no solid surface. However, there is a depth at which the gas stops being transparent to photons, and this depth provides a visual surface to the star. The Sun's photosphere has a...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Corona -- The corona is the luminous "atmosphere" of the Sun extending millions of kilometers into space, most easily seen during a total solar eclipse. An interesting feature of the corona is the fact that it is much hotter than the visible "surface" of the Sun; the photosphere is approximately 6000°C compared to the corona at over one million °C. The corona is much less dense than the photosphere, however, and so produces less light. The exact mechanism by which the corona is...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Chromosphere -- The chromosphere (literally, "color sphere") is a thin layer of the Sun's atmosphere just above the photosphere, roughly 10,000 kilometers deep. The chromosphere is more visually transparent than the photosphere. The most common solar feature within the chromosphere are spicules, long thin fingers of luminous gas which appear like the blades of a huge field of fiery grass growing upwards from the photosphere below. Spicules rise to the top of the chromosphere and then sink...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Wind -- Solar wind, a stream of particles (mostly high-energy protons ~ 500 Kev) that is continually ejected from the surface of the Sun. The composition of this plasma is identical to the Sun's corona, 73% hydrogen and 25% helium with the remainder as trace impurities, and is ionized. Near Earth, the velocity of the solar wind varies from 200km/s-889km/s. The average is 450 km/s. Approximately 3000 tons of material is lost from the Sun every hour as solar wind. Since solar...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Solar Maximum -- The Sun, a roiling ball of plasma, occupies its place in space approximately 93 million miles from Earth. Though it seems simple to inhabitants of this planet -- the Sun shines, giving light and heat -- the processes occurring in the Sun are so complex that many scientists devote their careers to just one aspect of solar activity. Changes in the activity of the Sun particularly engage solar scientists. Whether fluctuations in the solar magnetic field, expulsions of...

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Word of the Day
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.