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Latest Solid Stories

2009-08-27 15:55:00

A University of York scientist has been awarded a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship for her research on smart polymer materials that could eventually be used as sensors to detect biological materials and pollutants.Dr Verena Görtz, of the University's Department of Chemistry, will use the funds provided by the Fellowship to develop her pioneering work which focuses on creating polymer beads with liquid crystal properties.Liquid crystals are widely known for their application in...

2009-08-25 05:00:00

NORTHVILLE, Mich., Aug. 25 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Amerigon Incorporated (Nasdaq: ARGN), a leader in developing and marketing products based on advanced thermoelectric (TE) technologies, and 5N Plus Inc. (TSX: VNP), a developer and producer of high-purity metals and compounds for electronic applications, today announced that they have established a partnership, to be called "ZT Plus", to develop and manufacture advanced, more efficient thermoelectric materials designed to enable the use...

2009-08-13 08:01:00

LITTLE FALLS, N.J., Aug. 13 /PRNewswire/ -- Average volume growth of synthetic latex polymers in China is predicted to be 7.5% from 2008 to 2013, continuing to outpace growth in Europe and the United States, according to the latest study Synthetic Latex Polymers 2009: China Business Analysis and Opportunities from worldwide consulting and research firm Kline & Company. Top-line growth is continuing in China despite some sectors such as adhesives and sealants, leather, and textiles,...

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2009-08-11 12:00:00

Water is familiar to everyone"”it shapes our bodies and our planet. But despite this abundance, the molecular structure of water has remained a mystery, with the substance exhibiting many strange properties that are still poorly understood. Recent work at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and several universities in Sweden and Japan, however, is shedding new light on water's molecular idiosyncrasies, offering insight into its strange bulk properties.In all,...

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2009-07-24 15:50:00

"Jewel beetles" are well known for their striking metallic green external skeletons that appear to change colors according to the angle of view. Now, thanks to new research by scientists at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, the beetles may also offer a blueprint for materials that reflect light rather than absorbing it to produce colors. The scientists discovered that jewel beetles (Chrysina gloriosa) change their color because of the light-reflecting properties of the cells...

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2009-07-22 13:00:00

Oxide ceramics like zinc oxide, zirconia or titania can be used in photovoltaic or fuel cells and as very scratch-resistant coatings. These functional materials "“ non-metallic inorganic solids "“ are produced with a very high effort in terms of process engineering and at high temperatures and/or pressure. This imposes high costs on the production process and in addition technical restrictions are reducing the field of application, e.g. temperature sensitive materials like...

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2009-07-22 09:05:00

Berkeley Lab researchers have produced non-toxic magnesium oxide nanocrystals that efficiently emit blue light and could also play a role in long-term storage of carbon dioxide, a potential means of tempering the effects of global warming.In its bulk form, magnesium oxide is a cheap, white mineral used in applications ranging from insulating cables and crucibles to preventing sweaty-palmed rock climbers from losing their grip.  Using an organometallic chemical synthesis route, scientists...

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2009-07-09 16:15:00

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley have demonstrated a way to fabricate efficient solar cells from low-cost and flexible materials. The new design grows optically active semiconductors in arrays of nanoscale pillars, each a single crystal, with dimensions measured in billionths of a meter."To take advantage of abundant solar energy we have to find ways to mass-produce efficient photovoltaics," says...

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2009-07-09 08:40:00

Researchers from Graz University of Technology, Humboldt University in Berlin,  M.I.T.,  Montan University in Leoben and  Georgia Institute of Technology report an important advance in the understanding of electrical conduction through single molecules.Minimum size, maximum efficiency: The use of molecules as elements in electronic circuits shows great potential. One of the central challenges up until now has been that most molecules only start to conduct once a large voltage...

2009-07-08 13:25:18

Ohio State University researchers have developed a new method for making extremely pure, very small metal-oxide nanoparticles.They are using this simple, fast, and low-temperature process to make materials for gas sensors that detect toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) and biological warfare agents.The researchers described their work in a recent issue of the journal Materials Chemistry and Physics.Patricia Morris, associate professor of materials science and engineering at Ohio State, leads a...