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2012-04-19 21:02:30

Researchers may have found a way to protect us against otherwise deadly chemical attacks, such as the subway sarin incident in Tokyo that left thirteen people dead and thousands more injured or with temporary vision problems. The method is based on a new and improved version of a detoxifying enzyme produced naturally by our livers, according to the report in the April 2012 issue of Chemistry & Biology, a Cell Press publication. "The sarin attack in Tokyo in 1995 demonstrated that both...

2011-01-24 15:34:18

Protection against nerve gas attack is a significant component of the defense system of many countries around the world. Nerve gases are used by armies and terrorist organizations, and constitute a threat to both the military and civilian populations, but existing drug solutions against them have limited efficiency. A multidisciplinary team of scientists at the Weizmann Institute of Science succeeded in developing an enzyme that breaks down such organophosphorus nerve agents efficiently...

2008-10-15 09:00:47

ANNAPOLIS, Md., Oct. 15 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- PharmAthene, Inc. , a biodefense company developing medical countermeasures against biological and chemical threats, announced today that the Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance, and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2009, which includes the full-year FY 2009 appropriations for the Department of Defense (DoD), includes $1.6 million to support ongoing development of the Company's broad spectrum chemical nerve agent countermeasure,...

2008-10-10 09:00:41

Cenomed BioSciences, a majority-owned subsidiary of Abraxis BioScience, and TorreyPines Therapeutics, a biopharmaceutical company, have signed an exclusive licensing agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, Cenomed acquired from TorreyPines Therapeutics the worldwide development rights to three compounds, phenserine, Posiphen and bisnorcymcerine, for chemical defense and counterterrorism defense. Cenomed intends to develop these compounds for potential use in preventing toxicity...

2008-10-01 09:00:35

Excerpt from report by corporate-owned Russian news agency Interfax Kirov, 30 September: A regional commission for scrapping chemical weapons in Kirov Region has examined the readiness of the Maradykovskiy chemical weapons disposal site to launch its second phase in March 2009, the press centre of the regional government said on 30 September. The second stage facilities are equipped to scrap ammunition filled with the toxic substances sarin and soman. The remaining ammunition filled...

2006-08-07 17:05:45

By Anthony J. Brown, MD NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Treatment with galantamine, a drug used to treat Alzheimer's disease, in combination with atropine, protects guinea pigs from lethal doses of the nerve agents sarin and soman and the insecticide parathion, new research shows. The toxic effect of these "organophosphorus" compounds derives from irreversible blockage of an enzyme critical to nerve function. The end result can be seizures and cardiac arrest. At present, atropine and...


Word of the Day
siliqua
  • A Roman unit of weight, 1⁄1728 of a pound.
  • A weight of four grains used in weighing gold and precious stones; a carat.
  • In anatomy, a formation suggesting a husk or pod.
  • The lowest unit in the Roman coinage, the twenty-fourth part of a solidus.
  • A coin of base silver of the Gothic and Lombard kings of Italy.
'Siliqua' comes from a Latin word meaning 'a pod.'
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