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South America Reference Libraries

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Amazon Rainforest
2009-07-02 22:38:33

The Amazon Rainforest (known as Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia in Portuguese, and Selva Amazónica or Amazonia in Spanish), also known as Amazonia, or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers almost all of the Amazon Basin in South America. The basin consists of 1.7 billion acres, of which 1.4 billion acres is rainforest. This rainforest covers nine nations (Brazil,...

Neotropic Ecozone
2009-07-01 13:41:09

The Neotropic ecozone is one of Earth's eight ecosystems. This ecozone is also known as the Neotropical ecozone. It is made up of South and Central America, the Mexican lowlands, Caribbean Islands, and southern Florida. The southernmost part of South America is part of the Antarctic ecosystem. Many of the regions included in the Neotropic share the same diversity among plant and animal life....

Green-winged Macaw Ara chloropterus
2009-06-04 22:36:32

The Green-winged Macaw (Ara chloropterus), also known as the Red-and-green Macaw, is a species of parrot found throughout northern South America. Although this is the most common macaw in the wild, its numbers are declining due to habitat loss and illegal capture for the pet trade. The breast of the Green-winged Macaw is bright red. The lower feathers of the wing are green. The reddish tail...

Blue-and-gold Macaw Ara ararauna
2009-06-04 22:26:38

The Blue-and-yellow Macaw or Blue-and-gold Macaw (Ara ararauna), is a species of parrot that is found in tropical South America from Trinidad and Venezuela south to Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. In Central America, it is restricted to Panama. In Trinidad it is endangered, and in western Ecuador it is possibly extinct. It remains widespread and common in most of mainland South America. Its...

Versicolored Emerald
2009-01-20 21:19:03

The Versicolored Emerald (Amazilia versicolor) is a species of hummingbird from central and eastern South America. It occurs in northern Bolivia, eastern Paraguay, far north-eastern Argentina, and eastern, southern and central Brazil, being absent from the arid Caatinga and most of the Amazon Basin. Its habitat is semi-open areas with some trees, forest edges near major rivers, and occurs even...

Rainbow Boa
2008-11-21 16:10:01

The Rainbow Boa or Slender Boa (Epicrates cenchria), is a non-venomous species of boa found in Central and South America. In central America it is found in Costa Rica and Panama. It is more widespread in South America. It is shy and nocturnal. Its habitat includes rivers, streams, lakes and swamps. Nine subspecies are recognized. Adults grow to between 39 and 75 inches in length. It is...

Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog
2008-07-25 15:41:48

The Yellow-banded Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates leucomelas), or Yellow-banded Poison Frog, is a poison dart frog found in the northern part of South America in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. This amphibian is normally found in very humid conditions on trees or rocks. It can also be found in the seasonally drier forest islands in its range. It is commonly seen in leaf litter thought too dry...

Yellow Warbler
2008-07-13 14:17:25

The Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia), is a New World warbler. It is the most widespread Dendroica species, breeding in almost the whole of North America and down to northern South America. It is found in the whole of temperate North America as far south as central Mexico in open, often wet, woodland or shrub. It is migratory, wintering in Central and South America. This form is a very rare...

Hispid Cotton Rat
2008-05-05 23:37:01

The Hispid Cotton Rat (Sigmodon hispidus), is a rodent species long thought to occur in parts of South America, Central America, and southern North America. However, three distinct subspecies have been recognized throughout the range. The northern species meets the central species near the Rio Grande River. The central race meets the southern species near Chiapas in South America.

Silver Dollar Fish
2008-05-01 00:20:30

The Silver Dollar (Metynnis argenteus), is a tropical fish belonging to the Characidae family which is closely related to piranha and pacú. It originates in the Tapajós River basin in South America. Silver dollars natively live in a tropical climate in the sides of weedy rivers. This somewhat round-shaped silver fish with slight red-tinged anal fin is mostly found in tanks kept by...

Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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