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South America Reference Libraries

Page 8 of about 82 Articles
Swallow-tailed Kite
2006-02-27 17:52:19

The Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanus forficatus) is an elanid kite found in southern North America to northern South America. It was formerly named Falco forficatus. Physical description The species is around 55 to 65 cm in length, with a wingspan of approximately 1.3 m. Individuals of both sexes appear similar. The body is contrasting black and white. The flight feathers, tail, feet, bill are...

Gull-billed Tern
2006-02-22 10:25:49

The Gull-billed Tern (Sterna nilotica or Gelochelidon nilotica) is a seabird of the tern family Sternidae. It breeds in warmer parts of the world. It can be found in southern Europe (and a very small isolated population in northern Germany and Denmark), temperate and eastern Asia, both coasts of North America, eastern South America and Australia. This bird has a number of geographical races,...

Anhinga
2006-02-21 19:59:39

The Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga), often referred to as Snakebird, Darter, or American Darter, is a water bird that prefers the warmer parts of North America and South America. It is a cormorant-like bird with an average body length of 85 cm, a wingspan of 117 cm, and a weight of 1350 g. It is a dark-plumaged fish-eater with a very long neck, and often swims with only the neck above water. This...

Peruvian Pelican
2006-02-21 16:25:08

The Peruvian Pelican (Pelecanus thagus) is a member of the pelican family which lives on the west coast of South America, from Lobos de Tierra Island in Peru to Pupuya Islet in Chile. These birds are dark in color with a white stripe from the top of the bill, up to the crown and down the sides of the neck. Also, they have tufted feathers on the top of their heads. The main breeding season...

Pelican
2006-02-21 16:11:02

Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak that belong to the bird Pelecanidae. Along with the darters, cormorants, gannets, boobies, frigatebirds, and tropicbirds, they make up the order Pelecaniformes. Like other birds in that group, pelicans have all four webbed toes (totipalmate). Pelicans use two different ways to feed: White pelicans all over the...

Chilean Flamingo
2006-02-20 14:10:33

The Chilean Flamingo (Phoenicopterus chilensis) is a large species (110-130 cm) that is closely related to Caribbean Flamingo and the Greater Flamingo. It occurs in temperate South America and, like all other flamingo species it lays a single chalky white egg on a mud mound. The plumage is pinker than the slightly larger Greater Flamingo, but less so than Caribbean Flamingo. It can be...

Cloudless Sulphur butterfly
2005-09-09 07:55:53

Cloudless Sulphurs are butterflies in the family Pieridae. They are commonly found in open spaces, gardens, glades, seashores, and watercourses. Their range is wide - from South America to southern Canada; they are most common from Argentina to southern Texas and Florida. They are often visitors outside this range but become rarer further north. The breeding season is dependant on the climate...

Leafcutter ant
2005-09-07 18:11:11

Leafcutter ants are found in warmer regions of Central and South America. These remarkable social insects have evolved an advanced agricultural system. They feed on a specialized fungus that grows only in the underground chambers of the ants' nest. The ants actively cultivate their fungus, feeding it with freshly-cut vegetation and maintaining it free from pests and weeds. This is done by a...

Hydrangea
2005-07-12 14:38:04

Hydrangea (Hydrangea) is a genus of roughly 100 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. Most are shrubs 1-3 m tall, but some are small trees, and others vines reaching up to 30 m by climbing up trees. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are...

Tagetes Marigold
2005-06-23 11:22:34

Tagetes is a genus of about 50 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family (Asteraceae). They are native to the area stretching from Mexico south to northern South America. They are known in English as Mexican marigolds (the most accurate name, fairly closely describing the region of origin of most of the species), African marigolds (one species is native to Africa),...

Word of the Day
barghest
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).
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