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Latest Southern Ocean Stories

Earth's Climatic History Was Written In Dust
2014-01-25 05:28:19

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Polarstern, a research icebreaker, returned from the South Pacific in 2010 with a scientific treasure. The treasure, described in a recent issue of Science, consisted of ocean sediments from a previously almost unexplored part of the South Polar Sea. To geological history researchers, these inconspicuous mud samples are a valuable archive from which they can reconstruct the climatic history of the polar areas over many years of...

Australia Draws Fire For Sending Plane, Not Ship, To Confront Whalers
2013-12-23 07:12:47

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online As the controversial Japanese whaling season quickly approaches and as the conservationist group Sea Shepherd launches its fleet of vessels to confront whalers head on, Australia announced it would send a plane as well to monitor the situation in the Southern Ocean. However, the country’s Environment Minister, Greg Hunt, is drawing fire from a campaign group for opting to send a plane rather than a ship. The Greens, an...

Ocean Water Vertically Mixes As It Rushes Over Undersea Mountains
2013-09-19 07:58:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In the ocean near Antarctica, an international research team has solved the mystery of how deep and mid-depth ocean waters are mixed. The study, published in the journal Nature, reveals that sea water mixes dramatically as it rushes over undersea mountains in Drake Passage - the channel between the southern tip of South America and the Antarctic continent. This mixing of oceanic water layers is vital in the regulation of the Earth's...

Phytoplankton In The Southern Ocean
2013-09-19 04:45:00

[ Watch the Video: Phytoplankton Observed By NASA Satellites ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Until now, NASA satellites might have missed as much as 50 percent of the phytoplankton in the Southern Ocean. This would make it far more difficult to estimate the potential carbon capture of this vast area of the sea. A new study from the University of Tasmania's Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), published in the Journal of Geophysical Research, has...

Southern Ocean Sampling Shows Travels Of Marine Microbes
2013-09-18 12:55:33

University of New South Wales By collecting water samples up to six kilometers below the surface of the Southern Ocean, UNSW researchers have shown for the first time the impact of ocean currents on the distribution and abundance of marine micro-organisms. The sampling was the deepest ever undertaken from the Australian icebreaker, RSV Aurora Australis. Microbes are so tiny they are invisible to the naked eye, but they are vital to sustaining life on earth, producing most of the...

West Antarctica Deglaciation Began Much Earlier Than Thought
2013-08-15 10:21:16

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the deepest ice cores ever drilled in Antarctica is revealing some interesting evidence about the southern continent’s turbulent past and the role Earth’s orbit played in the history of the ice ages. Scientists have known for more than a century that ice ages come and go due to the wobbling of the Earth as it orbits the sun. Increases in the intensity of summer sunlight in the Northern Hemisphere melted the ice sheets...

Russia Blocks Antarctic Sanctuary
2013-07-17 08:34:56

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Russia has blocked attempts to establish marine reserves in the Ross Sea and Eastern Antarctica, preventing the formation of what would have become the world's largest ocean sanctuary. According to BBC News, the Russian representative challenged the legality of a meeting that would have allowed for the creation of the reserves. The three-day-long conference, held in Bremerhaven, Germany was called by the Commission for the...

Antarctic Ecosystem Caused Rapid Evolution 041913
2013-04-19 09:39:52

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The development of the sea-ice ecosystem in the circum-Antarctic Southern Ocean may have triggered further adaptation and evolution of larger organisms such as baleen whales and penguins, according to a new study published Thursday in the journal Science. The area´s ecosystem can be traced back to the emergence of the Antarctic ice sheets some 33.6 million years ago and plays an important role in global marine food webs and...

New Chart Shows Entire Topography Of Antarctic Seafloor In Detail
2013-04-09 15:10:20

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research Reliable information on the depth and floor structure of the Southern Ocean has so far been available for only few coastal regions of the Antarctic. An international team of scientists under the leadership of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, has for the first time succeeded in creating a digital map of the entire Antarctic seafloor. The International Bathymetric Chart of the Southern Ocean...

Antarctic Cloud Cover Caused Glitch In Tropical Rainfall Model
2013-03-12 10:46:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One would not assume that cloud cover over Antactica's Southern Ocean could cause rainfall in Zambia or the tropical island of Java. New research from the University of Washington, however, finds that a phantom band of rainfall just south of the equator that does not occur in reality is caused by poor simulation of the cloud cover thousands of miles farther to the south. This illusionary band of rainfall is one of the most persistent...


Latest Southern Ocean Reference Libraries

38_90defcb244b5b360f350dda31453b1f8
2007-10-24 13:46:19

The White-chinned Petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis), is a large seabird in the family Procellariidae. It ranges around the Southern Ocean as far north as South Australia, Peru and Namibia, and breeds colonially on scattered islands; South Georgia, Prince Edward Islands, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, Auckland Island, Campbell Island and Antipodes Islands. The diet of the White-chinned Petrel is composed mainly of krill, followed by fish. White-chinned Petrels feed by surface...

0_5b465ae69a51cb8db43d161821a6aac8
2007-03-16 22:42:57

The Southern driftfish or ragfish, Icichthys australis, is a medusafish of the genus Icichthys found circumpolar in all southern oceans between latitudes 50° S and 60° S, from the surface down to 1.24 mi (2,000 m). Its length is from 13.78 to 31.50 in (35 to 80 cm). The southern driftfish is similar to the rudderfish, and has soft easily-damaged fins, large eyes, and a small flexible mouth. Its flesh is soft and its bones are weakly ossified, giving rise to its second common name as...

38_13ef1e75ee88de2835e3e16ed22bed76
2006-08-09 14:35:18

The Wandering Albatross, (Diomedea exulans), is a large seabird from the family Diomedeidae which has a circumpolar range in the Southern Ocean. At breeding time they occupy loose colonies on isolated island groups in the Southern Ocean, such as Crozet Islands, South Georgia, Marion Island, Prince Edward Island, Kerguelen and Macquarie Island. Together with the Tristan, Antipodean and Amsterdam Albatross it forms the Wandering Albatross species complex. The Wandering Albatross has the...

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Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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