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Latest Southern Ocean Stories

Annual Japanese Whale Hunt Riles Conservationists
2011-12-14 09:27:28

Japan´s whaling fleet left port this month to begin the research whaling season near the Antarctic. The fleet was accompanied by ships from the Japanese Fisheries Agency in hopes of repelling activists of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, The Telegraph is reporting. The United States, Australia and two other nations have urged both anti-whaling activists and the whaling fleet to avoid a repeat of violent clashes, warning of the risk of deaths and injuries. The four countries...

2011-10-26 13:33:00

Actors Damon and Pitt Give Tiny Krill Big Exposure in New "Happy Feet" Sequel WASHINGTON, Oct. 26, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Tiny krill are about to take centre stage at the 30th Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) meeting, where governments will consider greater protection for the shrimplike crustaceans that are the building blocks of the Antarctic food chain. The attention these little animals receive will be amplified in mid-November,...

2011-08-18 14:57:00

WASHINGTON, Aug. 18, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA-funded researchers have created the first complete map of the speed and direction of ice flow in Antarctica. The map, which shows glaciers flowing thousands of miles from the continent's deep interior to its coast, will be critical for tracking future sea-level increases from climate change. The team created the map using integrated radar observations from a consortium of international satellites. (Logo:...

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2011-07-13 05:35:00

Japan and the anti-whaling group Sea Shepherd exchanged barbs on Tuesday during a world whaling conference over the issue of hunting of cetaceans in waters around Antarctica. In a plenary session of the International Whaling Commission (IWC), which oversees the hunting and the protection of cetaceans, Japanese delegation chief Kenji Kagawa described Sea Shepherd's pursuit of Japanese whaling ships as "sabotage", and accused the group of engaging in "violent and illegal acts". Kagawa showed...

2011-07-04 13:01:18

A new discovery reveals that the shrimp-like creature at the heart of the Antarctic food chain could play a key role in fertilising the Southern Ocean with iron "“ stimulating the growth of phytoplankton (microscopic plant-like organisms). This process enhances the ocean's capacity for natural storage of carbon dioxide. Reporting this month in the journal Limnology and Oceanography, an international team of researchers describe how Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba), once thought to...

2011-06-13 14:49:26

A deep-sea mystery has been solved with the discovery that the tiny 3 mm long marine animals, eaten by herring, cod and mackerel, use the same buoyancy control as whales. Reporting this week in the journal Limnology and Oceanography, researchers from British Antarctic Survey describe how Southern Ocean copepods "“ a crustacean rich in omega-3 oil "“ 'hibernates' in the deep ocean during winter when seas are stormy and food scarce. To reach the ocean depths the copepod's oily body...

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2011-05-30 08:29:58

Thirty-eight million years ago, tropical jungles thrived in what are now the cornfields of the American Midwest and furry marsupials wandered temperate forests in what is now the frozen Antarctic. The temperature differences of that era, known as the late Eocene, between the equator and Antarctica were half what they are today. A debate has been ongoing in the scientific community about what changes in our global climate system led to such a major shift from the more tropical, greenhouse...

2011-05-27 20:42:42

The first comprehensive study of sea creatures around the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia reveals a region that is richer in biodiversity than even many tropical sites The first comprehensive study of sea creatures around the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia reveals a region that is richer in biodiversity than even many tropical sites, such as the Galapagos Islands. The study provides an important benchmark to monitor how these species will respond to future environmental change....

2011-05-26 21:20:17

Research led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute scientist finds evidence that early antarctic circumpolar current development impacted global climate Thirty-eight million years ago, tropical jungles thrived in what are now the cornfields of the American Midwest and furry marsupials wandered temperate forests in what is now the frozen Antarctic. The temperature differences of that era, known as the late Eocene, between the equator and Antarctica were only half of what they are today. A debate...

2011-05-20 13:06:42

Investigations of changes in Weddell Sea habitat The research vessel Polarstern of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association will arrive back at its homeport of Bremerhaven after a seven-month expedition on Friday, 20 May. Nearly 200 researchers from institutes in 15 countries took part in the expedition. The oceanographers on board conducted measurements showing that warming of the water in the deep Weddell Sea continues further. The observations...


Latest Southern Ocean Reference Libraries

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2007-10-24 13:46:19

The White-chinned Petrel (Procellaria aequinoctialis), is a large seabird in the family Procellariidae. It ranges around the Southern Ocean as far north as South Australia, Peru and Namibia, and breeds colonially on scattered islands; South Georgia, Prince Edward Islands, Crozet Islands, Kerguelen Islands, Auckland Island, Campbell Island and Antipodes Islands. The diet of the White-chinned Petrel is composed mainly of krill, followed by fish. White-chinned Petrels feed by surface...

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2007-03-16 22:42:57

The Southern driftfish or ragfish, Icichthys australis, is a medusafish of the genus Icichthys found circumpolar in all southern oceans between latitudes 50° S and 60° S, from the surface down to 1.24 mi (2,000 m). Its length is from 13.78 to 31.50 in (35 to 80 cm). The southern driftfish is similar to the rudderfish, and has soft easily-damaged fins, large eyes, and a small flexible mouth. Its flesh is soft and its bones are weakly ossified, giving rise to its second common name as...

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2006-08-09 14:35:18

The Wandering Albatross, (Diomedea exulans), is a large seabird from the family Diomedeidae which has a circumpolar range in the Southern Ocean. At breeding time they occupy loose colonies on isolated island groups in the Southern Ocean, such as Crozet Islands, South Georgia, Marion Island, Prince Edward Island, Kerguelen and Macquarie Island. Together with the Tristan, Antipodean and Amsterdam Albatross it forms the Wandering Albatross species complex. The Wandering Albatross has the...

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