Last updated on April 19, 2014 at 8:45 EDT

Latest Space plasmas Stories

Magnetic Waves Responsible For Keeping Sun's Corona Heated
2013-07-09 15:10:08

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers at the 44th meeting of the Solar Physics Division (SPD) of the American Astronomical Society are shedding light on the Sun's coronal heating mystery. The team found evidence magnetic waves in a polar coronal hole contain enough energy to heat the corona and deposit most of their energy at sufficiently low heights for the heat to spread throughout the corona. Their observations help answer a 60-year-old solar physics mystery...

Space Weather Prediction Systems Need To Be More Reliable
2013-07-06 04:29:18

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online The residents of Earth have a vested interest in being able to accurately predict solar activity, particularly events such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These eruptions spew energetic charged particles into the solar system at fantastic rates, which have the potential to damage orbiting satellites and even ground based power grids. Our first line of defense against solar activity is knowing when to...

Fascinating Features On Sun Captured By Solar Dynamics Observatory
2013-07-05 13:32:39

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists studying the solar atmosphere have spotted some fascinating moving features in the Sun's sky. A team using the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) telescope on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite has found unusual solar prominences, including: a giant disc that rotates for several hours; feathery streams as long as fifty Earths; a super-heated jet striking the top of a prominence; and twisted ribbons flowing...

Curious Flips Observed In Tau Boo's Magnetic Cycle
2013-07-04 03:58:06

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One star sitting 51 light years away in the constellation of Bootes has a magnetic cycle that is puzzling astronomers. Dr Rim Fares presented the first observations of the complete magnetic cycle of Tau Bootis, or Tau Boo, at the Royal Astronomical Society's National Astronomy Meeting in St Andrews this week. These are the first observations of the complete magnetic cycle of a star other than our Sun. According to the findings, in...

Scientists Study Coronal Loops To Gain Insight Into Solar Dynamics
2013-07-02 18:21:44

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com -- Your Universe Online Solar flares and the even more violent Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are spectacular events, driving enormous amounts of energy and streams of charged particles into space. While researchers have had the opportunity to study these events for decades, we are still learning about what initiates these explosions. Previous studies have revealed that twisted magnetic field lines within the solar structure will pierce the surface...

CME Headed Toward Mercury And Venus
2013-07-02 16:01:43

NASA On July 1, 2013, at 6:09 p.m. EDT, the sun erupted with a coronal mass ejection, or CME, a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of solar particles into space that can affect electronic systems in satellites. Experimental NASA research models based on NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory show that the CME was not Earth-directed and it left the sun at around 570 miles per second. The CME may, however, pass by NASA's Messenger, Spitzer and STEREO-B satellites, and...

ESA Researchers Discover Solid Proof Of Plasmapheric Winds
2013-07-02 14:21:24

[WATCH VIDEO: Plasma Outflow From Plasmasphere To Magnetosphere] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A study published in the journal Annales Geophysicae provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of plasmaspheric wind. Researchers detected this plasmaspheric wind while analyzing data from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Cluster spacecraft. "After long scrutiny of the data, there it was, a slow but steady wind, releasing about [2.2 lbs] of plasma every...

Science Experiment Requires New Altitude For Space Station
2013-07-02 10:44:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Crew members aboard the International Space Station (ISS) had to add a little more distance between the orbiting laboratory and Earth on Sunday for a science experiment. NASA said astronauts raised the space station's altitude to accommodate a research project aimed at learning about Earth's atmosphere and climate change. "The European scientists requested that we reposition the station slightly because by having this period of time...

New Program Aims To Understand Effects Of Space Weather
2013-07-01 19:10:36

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com -- Your Universe Online Scientists are working on a program to better understand how national grids could be affected by space weather. British Geological Survey (BGS) researchers are conducting continuous measurements of the background electric field in the UK to better understand how the UK National Grid can be interrupted by the Sun. Space weather can take place when the ejection of material from the Sun, or coronal mass ejection (CME), shoots towards...

Solar Corona Captured In New Hi-C Images
2013-07-01 04:40:35

[ Watch the Video: Stunning New Solar Atmosphere Images Could Help Solve Longstanding Mysteries ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Thanks to an innovative new camera on board a sounding rocket, an international team of scientists has managed to capture pictures of the sun's outer atmosphere that are five times sharper than any previous images. The images, which were scheduled to be presented by University of Central Lancashire professor Robert Walsh at the...

Latest Space plasmas Reference Libraries

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2009-07-21 16:45:53

A Radio Atmospheric signal (sometimes referred to as Sferic or Spheric), is a broadband electromagnetic impulse that occurs during atmospheric lightning discharges. Sferics spread out from the lightning source and can be received thousands of miles away. A sferic, depending on atmospheric conditions, may extend anywhere from a few kHz to several tens of kHz. Sferics from far reaching storms, over 1500 miles away, are generally offset in frequency range and may be picked up as tweeks. A...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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