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Latest Space plasmas Stories

may 9th cme IRIS
2014-06-01 02:30:27

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center [ Watch the Video: A First For IRIS: Observing A Gigantic Solar Eruption ] A coronal mass ejection, or CME, surged off the side of the sun on May 9, 2014, and NASA's newest solar observatory caught it in extraordinary detail. This was the first CME observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, which launched in June 2013 to peer into the lowest levels of the sun's atmosphere with better resolution than ever before. Watch...

dancing auroral lights on Saturn
2014-05-19 11:09:00

University of Leicester University of Leicester researchers have captured stunning images of Saturn's auroras as the planet's magnetic field is battered by charged particles from the Sun. The team's findings provide a "smoking gun" for the theory that Saturn's auroral displays are often caused by the dramatic collapse of its "magnetic tail". [ Watch the Video: Dance of Saturn’s Auroras ] Just like comets, planets such as Saturn and the Earth have a "tail" – known as the...

MMS To Study Secrets Of Magnetic Reconnection
2014-05-16 03:36:18

Susan Hendrix, NASA In March 2015, NASA will launch four identical spacecraft to study how magnetic fields around Earth connect and disconnect, explosively releasing energy – a process known as magnetic reconnection. The Magnetospheric Multiscale, or MMS, mission will provide the first three-dimensional views of this fundamental process that can accelerate particles to nearly the speed of light. MMS uses Earth’s protective magnetic space environment, the magnetosphere, as a natural...

Lightning Strikes May Be More Intense Due To Solar Wind Activity
2014-05-16 12:40:11

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online From the ancient Greeks to Benjamin Franklin, man has long been fascinated by lightning. Previous research has found that the electrical bolts are caused by cosmic radiation and a new study has found that streams of high-energy particles from the Sun accelerated by the solar wind also play a role. Published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, the new study revealed a considerable raise in lightning rates throughout Europe...

Mars' Atmosphere Loss To Be Measured By NASA's MAVEN Orbiter
2014-05-15 10:47:48

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission arrives at its destination later this year, an instrument on board could help to determine why Mars has slowly lost much of its atmosphere and become the barren planet we see today. After MAVEN enters into an orbit above Mars, its Solar Wind Ion Analyzer (SWIA) will begin sampling the small electrically charged particles in and above the planet’s wispy atmosphere....

Cluster Helps To Model The Mysterious Magnetosphere Of Earth
2014-05-09 03:10:38

ESA For many years, scientists have been striving to understand the constantly changing structure and behavior of the huge magnetic bubble that surrounds our planet. One approach – pioneered by Russian scientist Nikolai Tsyganenko - has been to develop models based on data sent back by spacecraft, such as ESA's Cluster quartet. As Earth sweeps around the Sun, it is constantly bombarded by energetic particles from solar storms and deep space. Fortunately, the planet generates a...

Mid-level Solar Flare 050814
2014-05-08 12:01:48

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 6:07 a.m. EDT on May 8, 2014, and NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, captured images of it. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. To see...

Understanding How Sprites Form
2014-05-08 03:55:14

By A'ndrea Elyse Messer, Penn State Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century, but their origins were a mystery. Now, a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing of the lower ionosphere. "We are trying to understand the origins of this phenomenon," said Victor Pasko, professor of electrical engineering, Penn State. "We would like to know how sprites are initiated and how they develop." Sprites are...

solar flare March 29
2014-05-08 05:31:14

[ Watch the Video: The Best Observed X-Class Flare ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An X-class solar flare that erupted on March 29 was observed by four different spacecraft and one ground-based observatory, making it the best viewed phenomenon of its kind, NASA officials announced on Wednesday. The intense flare, which originated from the right side of the sun, was detected and monitored by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), the Solar...

Intense Solar Storm Narrowly Misses Earth
2014-05-02 15:33:50

[ Watch The Video: ScienceCasts: Carrington-Class CME Narrowly Misses Earth ] Science@NASA Last month (April 8-11), scientists, government officials, emergency planners and others converged on Boulder, Colorado, for NOAA's Space Weather Workshop—an annual gathering to discuss the perils and probabilities of solar storms. The current solar cycle is weaker than usual, so you might expect a correspondingly low-key meeting. On the contrary, the halls and meeting rooms were abuzz...


Latest Space plasmas Reference Libraries

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

45_0a648573510fd624b654781c72234be7
2009-07-21 16:45:53

A Radio Atmospheric signal (sometimes referred to as Sferic or Spheric), is a broadband electromagnetic impulse that occurs during atmospheric lightning discharges. Sferics spread out from the lightning source and can be received thousands of miles away. A sferic, depending on atmospheric conditions, may extend anywhere from a few kHz to several tens of kHz. Sferics from far reaching storms, over 1500 miles away, are generally offset in frequency range and may be picked up as tweeks. A...

45_7760ecc1c46f19cc327f8ce6904b6250
2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
attercop
  • A spider.
  • Figuratively, a peevish, testy, ill-natured person.
'Attercop' comes from the Old English 'atorcoppe,' where 'atter' means 'poison, venom' and‎ 'cop' means 'spider.' 'Coppa' is a derivative of 'cop,' top, summit, round head, or 'copp,' cup, vessel, which refers to 'the supposed venomous properties of spiders,' says the OED. 'Copp' is still found in the word 'cobweb.'
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