Latest Space plasmas Stories

Earth's Magnetosphere Doesn't Stop All Solar Wind From Breaking Through
2014-06-11 14:41:29

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using data from four European Space Agency satellites that fly in formation in the Earth's magnetic field, researchers have uncovered new information on how the solar wind can break through the Earth’s magnetosphere and disrupt modern life. According to a new report in the journal Physical Review Letters, when the solar wind meets the environment around the Earth – an electromagnetic phenomenon called an asymmetric magnetic...

solar mini-max
2014-06-11 11:02:39

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Our Sun is constantly cycling between periods of low activity and high activity – known as solar minimum and solar maximum, or Solar Max, respectively. In 2008 and 2009, NASA’s solar experts reported they were surprised to see the Sun descend into one of its deepest solar minimums in recorded history. But now, NASA observers are saying that the solar minimum is almost over. [ Watch the Video: ScienceCasts: Solar Mini-Max ]...

3 x-class flares
2014-06-11 08:40:19

UPDATE - June 11, 2014 On June 11, 2014, the sun erupted with its third X-class flare in two days. The flare was classified as an X1.0 and it peaked at 5:06 a.m. EDT.  Images of the flare were captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. All three flares originated from an active region on the sun that recently rotated into view over the left limb of the sun. ----- UPDATE - June 10: The sun released a second X-class flare, peaking at 8:52 a.m. EDT on June 10, 2014.  This is...

2014-06-05 10:38:27

New Jersey Institute of Technology The 1.6 meter telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) in California has given researchers unparalleled capability for investigating phenomena such as solar flares. Operated by New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), the BBSO instrument is the most powerful ground-based telescope dedicated to studying the star closest to Earth. On June 2, Distinguished Professor of Physics Haimin Wang joined NJIT colleagues at the 224th meeting of the...

Supernova Recreation Reveals How Interstellar Magnetic Fields May Have Formed
2014-06-02 10:03:18

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using a laser beam 60,000 billion times more powerful than a typical laser pointer, researchers have recreated a small-scale supernova and revealed that cosmic turbulence may have boosted magnetic fields to the power seen in interstellar space, according to a new report in the journal Nature Physics. "Magnetic fields are ubiquitous in the universe," said study author Don Lamb, a professor in astronomy and astrophysics at the University...

may 9th cme IRIS
2014-06-01 02:30:27

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center [ Watch the Video: A First For IRIS: Observing A Gigantic Solar Eruption ] A coronal mass ejection, or CME, surged off the side of the sun on May 9, 2014, and NASA's newest solar observatory caught it in extraordinary detail. This was the first CME observed by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, which launched in June 2013 to peer into the lowest levels of the sun's atmosphere with better resolution than ever before. Watch...

dancing auroral lights on Saturn
2014-05-19 11:09:00

University of Leicester University of Leicester researchers have captured stunning images of Saturn's auroras as the planet's magnetic field is battered by charged particles from the Sun. The team's findings provide a "smoking gun" for the theory that Saturn's auroral displays are often caused by the dramatic collapse of its "magnetic tail". [ Watch the Video: Dance of Saturn’s Auroras ] Just like comets, planets such as Saturn and the Earth have a "tail" – known as the...

MMS To Study Secrets Of Magnetic Reconnection
2014-05-16 03:36:18

Susan Hendrix, NASA In March 2015, NASA will launch four identical spacecraft to study how magnetic fields around Earth connect and disconnect, explosively releasing energy – a process known as magnetic reconnection. The Magnetospheric Multiscale, or MMS, mission will provide the first three-dimensional views of this fundamental process that can accelerate particles to nearly the speed of light. MMS uses Earth’s protective magnetic space environment, the magnetosphere, as a natural...

Lightning Strikes May Be More Intense Due To Solar Wind Activity
2014-05-16 12:40:11

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online From the ancient Greeks to Benjamin Franklin, man has long been fascinated by lightning. Previous research has found that the electrical bolts are caused by cosmic radiation and a new study has found that streams of high-energy particles from the Sun accelerated by the solar wind also play a role. Published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, the new study revealed a considerable raise in lightning rates throughout Europe...

Mars' Atmosphere Loss To Be Measured By NASA's MAVEN Orbiter
2014-05-15 10:47:48

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online When NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission arrives at its destination later this year, an instrument on board could help to determine why Mars has slowly lost much of its atmosphere and become the barren planet we see today. After MAVEN enters into an orbit above Mars, its Solar Wind Ion Analyzer (SWIA) will begin sampling the small electrically charged particles in and above the planet’s wispy atmosphere....

Latest Space plasmas Reference Libraries

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2009-07-21 16:45:53

A Radio Atmospheric signal (sometimes referred to as Sferic or Spheric), is a broadband electromagnetic impulse that occurs during atmospheric lightning discharges. Sferics spread out from the lightning source and can be received thousands of miles away. A sferic, depending on atmospheric conditions, may extend anywhere from a few kHz to several tens of kHz. Sferics from far reaching storms, over 1500 miles away, are generally offset in frequency range and may be picked up as tweeks. A...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
  • A goblin in English folklore, often appearing in the shape of a large dog and believed to portend imminent death or misfortune.
  • A ghost, wraith, hobgoblin, elf, or spirit.
The origin of 'barghest' is not known, but it may be from perhaps burh-ghest, town-ghost, or German Berg-geist (mountain spirit) or Bär-geist (bear-spirit).