Latest Space plasmas Stories

Understanding How Sprites Form
2014-05-08 03:55:14

By A'ndrea Elyse Messer, Penn State Atmospheric sprites have been known for nearly a century, but their origins were a mystery. Now, a team of researchers has evidence that sprites form at plasma irregularities and may be useful in remote sensing of the lower ionosphere. "We are trying to understand the origins of this phenomenon," said Victor Pasko, professor of electrical engineering, Penn State. "We would like to know how sprites are initiated and how they develop." Sprites are...

solar flare March 29
2014-05-08 05:31:14

[ Watch the Video: The Best Observed X-Class Flare ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online An X-class solar flare that erupted on March 29 was observed by four different spacecraft and one ground-based observatory, making it the best viewed phenomenon of its kind, NASA officials announced on Wednesday. The intense flare, which originated from the right side of the sun, was detected and monitored by the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), the Solar...

Intense Solar Storm Narrowly Misses Earth
2014-05-02 15:33:50

[ Watch The Video: ScienceCasts: Carrington-Class CME Narrowly Misses Earth ] Science@NASA Last month (April 8-11), scientists, government officials, emergency planners and others converged on Boulder, Colorado, for NOAA's Space Weather Workshop—an annual gathering to discuss the perils and probabilities of solar storms. The current solar cycle is weaker than usual, so you might expect a correspondingly low-key meeting. On the contrary, the halls and meeting rooms were abuzz...

Star Wars Science: Revealing Real-World Physics Behind Plasma Shields
2014-04-30 14:13:47

[ Watch the Video: Shields Up! The Physics Of Star Wars ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Just as production of the next Star Wars film is starting to ramp up in London – student researchers 100 miles up the road at the University of Leicester revealed a report on the physics behind plasma shields used to protect battling spaceships and the massive Death Star. Published in the peer-reviewed, student-run Journal of Special Physics Topics, the new report concluded...

NASA's BARREL Returns From Antarctica
2014-04-25 03:07:10

Karen C. Fox, NASA Three months, 20 balloons, and one very successful campaign: The team for NASA's BARREL – short for Balloon Array for Radiation belt Relativistic Electron Losses -- mission returned from Antarctica in March 2014. In a new NASA Flickr gallery, the team shared their images from weeks of work in the constant sun of the South Pole summer. BARREL's job is to improve our understanding of the mysterious Van Allen belts, two gigantic doughnuts of radiation that surround...

april 24 solar flare
2014-04-25 09:50:52

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center The sun emitted a significant solar flare, peaking at 8:27 p.m. EDT on April 24, 2014. Images of the flare were captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel....

What's Lurking Beneath The Surface Of The Sun?
2014-04-21 12:49:25

NASA Like a balloon bobbing along in the air while tied to a child's hand, a tracer has been found in the sun's atmosphere to help track the flow of material coursing underneath the sun's surface. New research that uses data from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, to track bright points in the solar atmosphere and magnetic signatures on the sun's surface offers a way to probe the star's depths faster than ever before. The technique opens the door for near real-time mapping of...

M-class Solar Flare
2014-04-03 06:12:35

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center On April 2, 2014, the sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 10:05 a.m. EDT, and NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory captured imagery of the event. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. To...

predicting space weather
2014-03-28 11:37:56

University of Cambridge Video of magnetic field lines 'slipping reconnection' bring scientists a step closer to predicting when and where large flares will occur Scientists have for the first time witnessed the mechanism behind explosive energy releases in the Sun's atmosphere, confirming new theories about how solar flares are created. New footage put together by an international team led by University of Cambridge researchers shows how entangled magnetic field lines looping from...

2014-03-20 08:24:18

Project demonstrates Panasonic and Coronal's continued alliance in eco construction market NEWARK, N.J., March 20, 2014 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- Panasonic Eco Solutions North America (Panasonic) and Coronal Management, LLC (Coronal) announced that they have completed a 290.44 kilowatt solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation installation at the University of Colorado Boulder (CU-Boulder). This installation is the second of its kind at the university; the first installation was...

Latest Space plasmas Reference Libraries

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2009-07-21 16:45:53

A Radio Atmospheric signal (sometimes referred to as Sferic or Spheric), is a broadband electromagnetic impulse that occurs during atmospheric lightning discharges. Sferics spread out from the lightning source and can be received thousands of miles away. A sferic, depending on atmospheric conditions, may extend anywhere from a few kHz to several tens of kHz. Sferics from far reaching storms, over 1500 miles away, are generally offset in frequency range and may be picked up as tweeks. A...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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Word of the Day
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.