Latest Space plasmas Stories

Sun Emits Mid Level Solar Flare Jan. 7, 2014
2014-01-07 12:11:43

NASA The sun emitted a mid-level solar flare, peaking at 5:13 a.m. EST on Jan. 7, 2014. Images of the flare were captured by NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory and showed that it came from an active region on the sun that currently sports one of the largest sunspots seen in the last 10 years. Sunspots are regions of strong and complex magnetic fields on the sun's surface. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere...

Sun Emitted Two Solar Flares Saying Goodbye To 2013 And Hello To 2014
2014-01-03 07:27:26

NASA The sun ushered out 2013 and welcomed 2014 with two mid-level flares on Dec. 31, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing, anywhere from minutes to hours....

van allen probes
2013-12-21 04:46:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Data from NASA's Van Allen Probes mission has helped researchers resolve decades of scientific uncertainty over the origin of ultra-relativistic electrons in Earth's near space environment. The findings, published in Nature, are likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. One of the primary science objectives of the Van Allen Probes is to understand the processes that control the...

Decades-old Mystery In Earth's Upper Atmosphere Solved
2013-12-18 14:51:49

University of California - Los Angeles New research published in the journal Nature resolves decades of scientific controversy over the origin of the extremely energetic particles known as ultra-relativistic electrons in the Earth's near-space environment and is likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. Discovering the processes that control the formation and ultimate loss of these electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts — the rings...

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory Shows the Sun's Rainbow Of Wavelengths
2013-12-18 09:54:43

[ Watch the Video: SDO’s View Of Our Jewel Box Sun ] NASA Telescopes help distant objects appear bigger, but this is only one of their advantages. Telescopes can also collect light in ranges that our eyes alone cannot see, providing scientists ways of observing a whole host of material and processes that would otherwise be inaccessible. A new NASA movie of the sun based on data from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, shows the wide range of wavelengths – invisible to...

Solar Ultra-Violet Imager Cleared For Installation Onto GOES-R Spacecraft
2013-12-17 13:44:39

NASA The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite – R known as GOES-R Series Program completed its next instrument, SUVI or the Solar Ultra-Violet Imager, which is now ready for integration onto the GOES-R spacecraft. SUVI is a telescope that will observe the sun in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength range and provide full-disk solar images around the clock. The instrument will identify active regions on the sun, including solar flares and eruptions, which could lead to...

Sun More Violent Than Believed
2013-12-09 15:03:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's newest solar observatory is showing the region located between the surface of the sun and its atmosphere is more violent than previously thought. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft launched earlier this summer to study what is known as the interface region. For the past six months, IRIS has given scientists detailed images of this region, finding even more turbulence and complexity than expected. "The...

Magnetic Field Lines
2013-12-07 04:56:08

[ Watch the Video: The Sun's Changing Magnetic Field ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A newly-released NASA visualization shows the process of the sun’s magnetic field changing polarity, with the positive and negative poles switching throughout the course of the 22 year magnetic solar cycle. According to Karen C. Fox of the Goddard Space Flight Center, the magenta colored lines represent regions where the overall field is negative, while the green lines...

Earth's Van Allen Belts Thrust Particles To Near The Speed Of Light
2013-12-04 14:38:49

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s twin Van Allen Probes have led to another new discovery of Earth’s mysterious radiation belts. Researchers used data from the NASA spacecraft to reveal that the high-energy particles populating the Van Allen radiation belts can be accelerated to nearly the speed of light. This finding comes on the heels of a related discovery showing similar particle acceleration but on a microscopic, rather than planetary, scale. “The...

Neutron Star Mystery Heats Up
2013-12-02 04:34:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research appearing in the latest edition of the journal Nature is casting doubts on currently accepted theories has to how the surface of a neutron star heats itself up. Neutron stars are super-dense stars that form once a large star explodes, causing the core to collapse upon itself. Scientists had long believed that nuclear reactions within the crust contributed to the heating of the star’s surface, but Michigan State...

Latest Space plasmas Reference Libraries

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Solar Physics
2012-05-02 19:16:53

Solar Physics is a journal for solar and solar-stellar research and the study of solar terrestrial physics. Founded in 1967 by solar physicist Cornelis de Jager and publisher D. Reidel, the journal treats all aspects of solar physics, ranging from the internal structure of the Sun and its evolution, to outer corona and solar wind in interplanetary space. Solar Physics has four more than forty years been the principal journal for publications of fundamental research on the Sun. It is...

2009-07-21 16:45:53

A Radio Atmospheric signal (sometimes referred to as Sferic or Spheric), is a broadband electromagnetic impulse that occurs during atmospheric lightning discharges. Sferics spread out from the lightning source and can be received thousands of miles away. A sferic, depending on atmospheric conditions, may extend anywhere from a few kHz to several tens of kHz. Sferics from far reaching storms, over 1500 miles away, are generally offset in frequency range and may be picked up as tweeks. A...

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén (May 30, 1908 - April 2, 1995) was a Swedish plasma physicist born in Norrköping, Sweden. Alfvén received his PhD from the University of Uppsala in 1934. His thesis was titled "Investigations of the Ultra-short Electromagnetic Waves." He was originally trained as an electrical power engineer and later moved on to research and teaching in the fields of plasma physics. Alfvén made many contributions to plasma physics, including theories describing the...

Ring Current
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Ring Current -- A ring current is an electric current carried by charged particles trapped in a planet's magnetosphere. It is caused by the longitudinal drift of energetic (10-200 keV) particles. Earth's Ring Current Earth's ring current is responsible for geomagnetic storms. The ring current system consists of a band, at a distance of 3-5 RE(1), which lies in the equatorial plane and circulates clockwise around the Earth (when viewed from the north). The particles of this region...

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