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Spain Reference Libraries

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Iberian Frog Rana iberica
2014-11-05 11:55:24

The Iberian Frog (Rana iberica), is a species of frog belonging to the Ranidae family located in Portugal and Spain. Its natural habitats include rivers, mountain streams and swamps. It is threatened by loss of habitat, introduced species, water contamination, increased ultraviolet radiation, and climate change. This frog can grow to about 2.8 inches long but a more normal size is about 2...

Merino
2014-10-16 11:24:17

The Merino is a breed of domestic sheep that originated in Central Spain and Turkey. It is thought that the foundation stock of this breed was introduced into the area by a tribe of Berbers during the twelfth century. During the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, breeders from Spain introduced breeds from England, developing the Merino sheep strains that would shape the breed of today. These...

Iberian Pig
2014-08-13 11:40:37

The Iberian pig, also known as the black Iberian pig, is a breed of domestic pig that originated on the Iberian Peninsula in areas including Spain and Portugal. It is thought that this breed can be traced back to the Neolithic era, when animal domestication first began, but the most accepted theory pertaining to the origin of this breed states that domesticated pigs were brought over by the...

Asturian Valley Cattle
2014-07-06 14:22:13

The Asturian Valley is a breed of cattle native to the valleys of Asturias, Spain and raised in the northern coastal region of the Bay of Biscay and the river valleys of the Cordillera Cantabrica mountain range. During the 1800s, the Asturian Valley were the most abundant cattle breed of northern Spain. However, in the early 1900s, foreign breeds began to overrun the area and by the mid...

Spanish-Norman Horse
2014-06-27 15:50:25

The Spanish-Norman is a breed of horse that originated in Spain. It was developed by crossing the Andalusian of Spain and the Percheron of France. In 1991 a registry was formed in Connecticut, United States to maintain the breed. As of 2011, there were over 100 Andalusian stallions in the registry as foundation sires. The Andalusian was a descendent of the Iberian horse of Spain and...

Perezs Frog Pelophylax perezi
2013-07-19 16:15:38

Perez's Frog (Pelophylax Perezi) is a species of frog belonging to the Ranidae family. It's found in southern France, Spain, Portugal, and two sites in the United Kingdom. In Spain, it is very abundant, as evidenced by its Spanish name rana comun, meaning "common frog". Its natural habitats include temperate forests, temperate shrubland, Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation, intermittent...

Iberian midwife toad Alytes cisternasii
2013-03-30 08:17:41

The Iberian midwife toad is found around the Iberian Peninsula in southern and eastern Portugal, and also in western and central Spain. The elevation range of this species is between 300 - 4,265 feet, but it is typically found around 2,000 feet. The Iberian midwife toad prefers dry habitats in meadows and open forests with sandy soil that grow vegetation adapted for dry regions. However,...

Baryonyx
2012-03-22 19:25:37

Baryonyx, meaning “heavy claw,” was a genus of carnivorous dinosaur from the Hauterivian to early Barremian stages of the Early Cretaceous Period (130-125 million years ago). It was first discovered in clay pits just south of Dorking, England, and later also found in northern Spain and Portugal. Only one species is known, B. walkeri, named in honor of its discoverer, amateur fossil hunter...

de Ulloa Antonio
2013-03-16 00:00:00

Antonio de Ulloa was born on January 12, 1716 in Seville. Ulloa enlisted with the Spanish Navy in 1733. In 1735, he was sent to Ecuador as a member of the French Geodesic Mission. The mission, led by Pierre Bouguer, was organized by the French Academy of Sciences to measure a degree of the meridian at the equator. He stayed in Ecuador for 9 years until 1744, during this stint; he...

Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata
2008-12-26 09:45:19

The Red-knobbed Coot (Fulica cristata), also known as the Crested Coot, is a species of bird in the rail and crake family Rallidae. It is resident across much of Africa and in southernmost Spain during the breeding season. Its habitat is freshwater lakes, ponds and waterside grasslands. It is aggressive and strongly territorial during the breeding season. The Red-knobbed Coot is mostly black...

Word of the Day
saggar
  • A ceramic container used inside a fuel-fired kiln to protect pots from the flame.
The word 'saggar' may come from 'safeguard'.
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