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Latest Species Stories

Taxonomy Boris Vinatzer
2014-02-24 04:45:12

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A new naming system proposed by one Virginia Tech scientist proposes moving beyond the current biological naming system and supplementing it with a new classification method based on an organism’s genome sequence. The new method was developed by Boris Vinatzer, an associate professor in the College of Agriculture and Life Science's Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, and he believes that it will create a...

Ocean Acidification Long Term Research
2014-01-28 13:43:59

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online More research is necessary for an accurate determination of how marine species will cope long-term with ocean acidification, according to a new research review in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution. "We can't measure evolutionary responses in all organisms, so we need to choose carefully to get the most bang for our buck," said review author Jennifer Sunday, a post-doctoral researcher at The University of British Columbia in...

Our View On How Nature Is Structured Changed By DNA Barcodes
2014-01-21 14:11:58

University of Helsinki How you seek is what you find To understand how feeding interactions are structured, researchers from Finland and Canada chose to focus on one of the simplest food webs on Earth: the moths and butterflies of Northeast Greenland, as attacked by their specialist enemies, parasitic wasps and flies developing on their prey (called host), killing it in the process. "What we found in this system was mind-boggling", explains Helena Wirta, the lead author of the study....

Genes And Calls Reveal Greater Diversity Of Amazon Frog Species
2014-01-15 15:12:22

Pensoft Publishers Amazonian biodiversity has been studied for hundreds of years. Early explorers of Amazonian plants and animals included renowned naturalists of the stature of Alexander von Humboldt and A. R. Wallace. Despite this long history of exploration, new studies are resulting in the discovery of a large number of new species. The key of these discoveries lies in the use of advanced new tools for species detection. The study, published in the open access journal ZooKeys, found...

Clymene Dolphin Natural Hybridization
2014-01-09 12:44:22

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Natural hybridization between two dolphin species likely helped to bring about the mysterious clymene dolphin, according to a study published in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. Researchers from several institutions found in a molecular analysis that spinner dolphins and striped dolphins helped create the clymene dolphin. Questions about the clymene dolphin’s origins have been unanswered for many years, so the team from the...

Marine Mammal Diversity Can Be Monitored Accurately With DNA
2013-12-30 16:05:20

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers have determined that DNA barcoding could be useful in accurately monitoring marine mammal biodiversity. Up to now, scientists have had a difficult time monitoring marine mammal biodiversity. Some species can be easily observed, while others are more difficult because of their scarcity or their discrete behavior. Researchers collaborated to determine whether or not DNA barcoding could be useful for monitoring this type of...

Developing DNA Barcode Libraries From Museum Collections
2013-12-30 13:26:26

Pensoft Publishers The ability to sequence the DNA of plants and animals has revolutionized many areas of biology, but the unstable character of DNA poses difficulties for sequencing specimens in museum collection over time. In an attempt to answer these issues, a recent study of 31 target spider species from the Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden, discovers that both time and body size are significant factors in determining which specimens can produce DNA barcode sequences. The study...

Museum Bird DNA Is Ready To Use In Naturalis Biodiversity Center
2013-12-30 12:35:31

Pensoft Publishers DNA barcoding is used as an effective tool for both the identification of known species and the discovery of new ones. The core idea of DNA barcoding is based on the fact that just a small portion of a single gene already can show that there is less variation between the individuals of one species than between those of several species. Thus, when comparing two barcode sequences one can establish whether these belong to one single species (viz. when the amount of...

Evolution Of Species Does Not Always Follow Darwin's Theories
2013-12-23 04:19:44

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Evolutionary scientists have long argued that species that live together must evolve in different ways in order to avoid direct competition with each other, but new research published Sunday in the journal Nature suggests otherwise. A team of researchers led by Dr. Joe Tobias of Oxford University's Department of Zoology studied ovenbirds, one of the most diverse families of birds in the world, in order to conduct an in-depth...

Norway Identifies 1,165 New Species Since 2009
2013-12-19 12:18:03

Norwegian University of Science and Technology More than a thousand new species –nearly one-quarter of which are new to science – have been discovered in Norway since a unique effort to find and name all of the country's species began in 2009. The Norwegian Taxonomy Initiative is one of just two government efforts worldwide where scientists are being funded to find and catalogue the country's true species diversity. The Norwegian initiative is focused on describing poorly known...


Latest Species Reference Libraries

Paleozoology
2013-09-30 13:34:57

Paleozoology, also spelled Palaeozoology, is a branch of many other sciences including zoology and paleontology that focuses on recovering cellular matter from animal remains that are large enough to be seen without the help of a microscope, known as macrofossils. This study is primarily used in the context of archeology and geology and aids in recreating ancient ecosystems and prehistoric environments. Paleozoologists study the tissues of many types of animals including sharks, echinoderms,...

39_b28590aeccf7d5e65ad920a431957a2b
2007-06-24 20:15:53

The Three-Spined Stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus, is a fish native to much of northern Europe, northern Asia and North America. It has been introduced into parts of southern and central Europe. Three subspecies that are currently recognized by the IUCN are Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus, which is found in most of the species range, and is the subspecies most strictly termed the Three-Spined Stickleback; its common name in England is the Tiddler, although "tittlebat" is also sometimes...

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Word of the Day
omadhaun
  • A fool; a simpleton: a term of abuse common in Ireland and to a less extent in the Gaelic-speaking parts of Scotland.
This word is partly Irish in origin.