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Latest Speleothem Stories

Harsh Arizona Cave System Home To Hardy Communities Of Bacteria
2013-11-22 10:41:07

The Kartchner caverns in southeast Arizona are famous for their spectacular limestone rock formations, created by groundwater seeping and dissolving bedrock compounds over thousands of years.

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2010-01-21 10:09:10

Ice Age climate records from an Arizona stalagmite link the Southwest's winter precipitation to temperatures in the North Atlantic.

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2008-07-24 13:32:20

At Fort Stanton Cave in New Mexico, hundreds of feet below the Earth’s surface, an odd formation made up of an intricate crust of tiny calcite crystals continues to intrigue cave specialists and explorers.


Latest Speleothem Reference Libraries

Carlsbad Caverns National Park
2013-04-17 15:30:34

Carlsbad Caverns National Park is located in southeastern New Mexico in the United States. The park holds 46,766 acres of land, of which 2/3 is a designated wilderness, and is thought to have been discovered by Jim White, who entered the Carlsbad Caverns and named many of the areas within the caverns, including Queens Chamber, New Mexico Room, Green Lake Room, Giant Dome, Witch's Finger, and Bottomless Pit. President Calvin Coolidge established the area as a national monument in 1923, but it...

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2005-05-26 11:59:32

he mineral calcite is a calcium carbonate corresponding to the formula CaCO3 and is one of the most widely distributed minerals on the Earth's surface. It is a common constituent of sedimentary rocks, limestone in particular. It is also the primary mineral in metamorphic marble. It also occurs as a vein mineral in deposits from hot springs, and also occurs in caverns as stalactites and stalagmites. Calcite is often the primary constituent of the shells of marine organisms (e.g. plankton,...

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2005-05-26 09:38:30

Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed of the mineral calcite (calcium carbonate). The primary source of this calcite is usually marine organisms. These organisms secrete shells that settle out of the water column and are deposited on ocean floors as pelagic ooze (see lysocline for information on calcite dissolution). Secondary calcite may also be deposited by supersaturated meteoric waters (groundwater that precipitates the material in caves). This produces speleothems such as stalagmites...

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Word of the Day
aphotic
  • Having no light.
  • Of or relating to the region of a body of water that is not reached by sunlight and in which photosynthesis is unable to occur.
The word 'aphotic' comes from Greek roots meaning 'without' and 'light'.
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