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Latest Sponge Stories

2014-04-30 10:33:54

Sponges are usually considered to be the oldest living animals, having evolved before all other groups. The simplicity of their body structure and tissue organization has for many years made them candidates for the ancestral group of animals, and they have long been regarded as our best illustration of what the earliest animals would have looked like. This has been supported by genetic analyses, which suggest that sponges branched from other animals a very long time ago, deep in the...

2014-04-25 12:27:41

Environmental WatchDog Exposes 3M's Environmentally Destructive Practices MINNEAPOLIS, April 25, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Today, leading environmental watchdog, ForestEthics, released a detailed expose and series of infographics exposing 3M Company's environmental destruction worldwide. 3M does not provide chain-of-custody sourcing information for any of its products. In order to discover the truth behind 3M's practices, ForestEthics invested hundreds of hours researching the sourcing...

Researchers Discover Four New Species Of 'Killer Sponges' From The Deep Sea
2014-04-15 11:33:24

MBARI [ Watch the Video: Four New Species Of Carnivorous Sponges Discovered ] Killer sponges sound like creatures from a B-grade horror movie. In fact, they thrive in the lightless depths of the deep sea. Scientists first discovered that some sponges are carnivorous about 20 years ago. Since then only seven carnivorous species have been found in all of the northeastern Pacific. A new paper authored by MBARI marine biologist Lonny Lundsten and two Canadian researchers describes four new...

Global Management Of Small Freshwater Biofoulers Carries a Big Price Tag
2014-04-03 11:22:38

Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies Anyone that has spent time at a seaside pier has witnessed the destruction barnacles wreak on boat hulls. But biofouling animals are not limited to marine environments. A new paper published in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment estimates that the global management of freshwater mussels, clams, and other clinging animals costs $277 million US dollars annually. Biofoulers are organisms that accumulate underwater on hard surfaces, to...

Social Behavior Can Shape The Genetic Makeup Of An Animal Population In The Wild
2014-03-19 15:38:09

University of New South Wales A UNSW-led team of researchers studying bottlenose dolphins that use sponges as tools has shown that social behavior can shape the genetic makeup of an animal population in the wild. Some of the dolphins in Shark Bay in Western Australia put conical marine sponges on their rostrums (beaks) when they forage on the sea floor – a non-genetic skill that calves apparently learn from their mother. Lead author, Dr Anna Kopps, says sponging dolphins end up...

Sea Sponge Challenges Theory On The Origin Of Animals
2014-02-18 04:30:25

[ Watch the Video: Theory On Origin Of Animals Challenged ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In sharp contrast to the longstanding belief among scientists that advanced life on Earth was only able to evolve once atmospheric oxygen levels rose to near-modern levels, new research has discovered a small sea sponge which they claim proves that a high concentration is not needed in order for complex creatures to live and grow. According to the authors of the new...

2014-02-05 11:40:36

Sponges are an important animal for marine and freshwater ecology and represent a rich animal diversity found throughout the world, from tropical climates to the arctic poles. For evolutionary biologists, they also present an interesting animal for comparative study because they are simple filter feeders, and lack nervous, digestive or circulatory systems, suggesting that they diverged early from other animals. To provide a wider framework for understanding the molecular complexity behind...

Remarkable Properties Of New, Porous Material May Lead To Advances In Microscopic Sponging
2014-01-27 13:15:58

University at Buffalo The sponges of the future will do more than clean house. Picture this, for example: Doctors use a tiny sponge to soak up a drug and deliver it directly to a tumor. Chemists at a manufacturing plant use another to trap and store unwanted gases. These technologies are what University at Buffalo Assistant Professor of Chemistry Jason Benedict, PhD, had in mind when he led the design of a new material called UBMOF-1. The material — a metal-organic framework, or...

Different Sponge Species Have Highly Specific And Stable Microbiomes
2014-01-22 11:05:56

Marine Biological Laboratory The sea sponge is about as simple as an animal can get, but its associated bacterial community—its microbiome —is known to approach the complexity of the diverse microbiome in the human gut. Now, scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have shown that different species of Hexadella sponges each have a highly specific and stable microbiome, not only in terms of the most abundant members of the associated microbial community, but the rare...

2014-01-17 11:28:14

A carbon nanotube sponge capable of soaking up water contaminants, such as fertilizers, pesticides and pharmaceuticals, more than three times more efficiently than previous efforts has been presented in a new study published today. The carbon nanotube (CNT) sponges, uniquely doped with sulphur, also demonstrated a high capacity to absorb oil, potentially opening up the possibility of using the material in industrial accidents and oil spill clean-ups. The results have been published...


Latest Sponge Reference Libraries

Gorgonocephalus eucnemis
2013-11-14 13:23:25

Gorgonocephalus eucnemis is a species of basket star in the class Ophiuroidea. It’s located in circumpolar marine environments within the Northern Hemisphere. The scientific name for the genus comes from the Greek, “gorgos” meaning “dreadful” and “cephalus” meaning “head”, and is in reference to the similarity between these basket stars and the Gorgon’s head from Greek mythology with its writhing serpents for hair. The specific name “eucnemis” is from the Greek...

Lampert's Sea Cucumber, Synaptula lamperti
2013-04-30 15:18:06

Synaptula lamperti is a species of sea cucumber that can be found in the waters of the Indo-Pacific. Its range includes the coastal waters of Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Micronesia. It does not have the tube feet, which are common to other species of sea cucumber, instead moving around by using a small grouping of pinnate feeding tentacles, which are always moving. It can also move by using the small, hook-like bones found along its body, attaching itself to the sea...

Venus’ Flower Basket, Euplectella aspergillum
2014-01-05 00:00:00

Venus’ Flower Basket (Euplectella aspergillum) is a species of hexactinellid sponge found in the deep ocean. It is found with a male and female shrimp living inside it, which spend their lives living in just one sponge basket. Because of this, Asian cultures use the dead, dried sponge as a wedding present to signify the symbiotic relationship of the sponge and shrimp. The shrimp that make their home inside the basket reproduce and their offspring escape and find their own sponge to call...

Stovepipe Sponge, Aplysina archeri
2014-01-05 00:00:00

The Stovepipe Sponge (Aplysina archeri) is a species of tube sponge found mainly in the Atlantic Ocean, including the waters around the Caribbean, Bahamas, Florida, and Bonaire. This species has long tube-like structures cylindrical in nature and many tubes are attached to one particular part of the organism. The tubes occur in varying colors including lavender, gray and brown. The Stovepipe Sponge is a filter feeder and eats food such as plankton or suspended detritus as it passes by...

Spongilla lacustris
2014-01-05 00:00:00

Spongilla lacustris is a species of freshwater sponge from the Spongillidae family. It is only found mostly in clear freshwater lakes in North America, Europe and Asia. It is often found growing under rocks or logs, and can sometimes be found in slow-moving streams. This particular species is soft and fragile with whitish to greenish coloration. It has irregularly scattered and barely visible water exit holes. The surface is uneven and covered in rough spicules (spikes). This species...

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Word of the Day
pungle
  • To take pains; labor assiduously with little progress.
This word comes from the Spanish 'pongale,' put it.
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