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Latest STANFORD Stories

2011-09-02 16:43:27

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital have used a novel method for analyzing brain-scan data to distinguish children with autism from typically developing children. Their discovery reveals that the gray matter in a network of brain regions known to affect social communication and self-related thoughts has a distinct organization in people with autism. The findings will be published online Sept. 2 in Biological Psychiatry. While...

2011-08-30 12:23:50

A team at the Stanford University School of Medicine has cataloged, down to the letter, exactly what parts of the genetic code are essential for survival in one bacterial species, Caulobacter crescentus. They found that 12 percent of the bacteria's genetic material is essential for survival under laboratory conditions. The essential elements included not only protein-coding genes, but also regulatory DNA and, intriguingly, other small DNA segments of unknown function. The other 88 percent...

2011-08-29 12:59:19

Reconnecting severed blood vessels is mostly done the same way today – with sutures – as it was 100 years ago, when the French surgeon Alexis Carrel won a Nobel Prize for advancing the technique. Now, a team of researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine has developed a sutureless method that appears to be a faster, safer and easier alternative. In animal studies, a team led by Stanford microsurgeon Geoffrey Gurtner, MD, used a poloxamer gel and bioadhesive rather...

2011-08-18 14:44:09

Organic semiconductors hold immense promise for use in thin film and flexible displays "“ picture an iPad you can roll up "“ but they haven't yet reached the speeds needed to drive high definition displays. Inorganic materials such as silicon are fast and durable, but don't bend, so the search for a fast, durable organic semiconductor continues. Now a team led by researchers at Stanford and Harvard universities has developed a new organic semiconductor material that is among the...

2011-08-18 06:50:48

(Ivanhoe Newswire) "“ Researchers have identified five inherited genetic variants that are strongly associated with aggressive, lethal prostate cancer. The discovery could ultimately lead to the development of a simple blood test that could be given upon diagnosis to determine which men should receive aggressive treatments versus a more conservative approach. A substantial number of men with indolent tumors "“ which have a low probability of progressing to clinically significant,...

2011-08-16 23:05:32

From Seattle to Sweden: First population-based study to demonstrate that inherited genetic variants play a role in prostate cancer progression and mortality An international team of researchers led by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has identified five inherited genetic variants that are strongly associated with aggressive, lethal prostate cancer. The discovery ultimately could lead to the development of a simple blood test that could be given upon diagnosis to determine which men...

2011-08-15 12:19:46

Like fine chefs, scientists are seemingly approaching a day when they will be able to make nearly any type of tissue from human embryonic stem cells. You need nerves or pancreas, bone or skin? With the right combination of growth factors, skill and patience, a laboratory tissue culture dish promises to yield therapeutic wonders. But within these batches of newly generated cells lurks a big potential problem: Any remaining embryonic stem cells - those that haven't differentiated into the...

2011-07-25 23:37:36

With the novel use of a technique that uses light to control brain cells, Stanford University researchers have shown that fragmented sleep causes memory impairment in mice. Until recently scientists have been unable to tease out the effects on the brain of different yet intertwined features of sleep. But these investigators were able to overcome that problem and come to their findings by using the novel method, known as optogenetics, to manipulate brain cells to affect just one aspect of...

2011-07-22 00:01:01

New resources empower educators to bring classic literature and historical personalities to life. Silver Spring, MD (PRWEB) July 21, 2011 Discovery Education announces that Literature Guides and Biographies from Shmoop, a digital curriculum company that makes fun, rigorous learning and teaching materials, are now available in Discovery Education streaming PLUS. Shmoop's Literature Guides and Biographies are written by Ph.D. students from Stanford, Harvard, UC Berkley, and other top...

2011-07-19 12:32:44

Screening every new colon cancer patient for a particular familial disorder extends lives at a reasonable cost, say Stanford University School of Medicine researchers. The team hopes the results will encourage more medical centers to adopt widespread screening policies. Approximately 3 to 5 percent of colorectal tumors are caused by a heritable condition called Lynch syndrome, which greatly increases the odds of colon and other cancers in a person's lifetime. Siblings and children of someone...


Latest STANFORD Reference Libraries

2012-06-14 07:52:59

Symbol: VEST4 Group: Lichen Family: Verrucariaceae Growth Habit: Lichenous Native Status: NA    N Classification:       Kingdom   Fungi – Fungi Division   Ascomycota – Sac fungi Class   Ascomycetes Order   Verrucariales Family   Verrucariaceae Genus   Verrucaria Schrad. – wart lichen Species   Verrucaria stanfordii Herre – Stanford's wart lichen

2012-06-14 08:38:16

Symbol: TOST2 Group: Moss Family: Pottiaceae Growth Habit: Nonvascular Native Status: NA    N Synonyms:   HYST6 Hyophila stanfordensis (Steere) A.J.E. Sm. & H. Whitehouse Classification:       Kingdom   Plantae – Plants Division   Bryophyta – Mosses Subdivision   Musci Class   Bryopsida – True mosses Subclass   Bryidae Order   Pottiales Family   Pottiaceae Genus  ...

pope2_001_php
2012-06-14 12:30:33

Symbol: POPE2 Group: Dicot Family: Polygonaceae Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: L48    N AK    N CAN    N Synonyms:   PEBI4 Persicaria bicornis (Raf.) Nieuwl.   PELO7 Persicaria longistyla (Small) Small   PEMI9 Persicaria mississippiensis (Stanford) Small   PEPE19 Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small   PEPED Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) Small var. dura (Stanford) C.F. Reed   POBI11...

pohy2_001_php
2012-06-14 12:31:12

Symbol: POHY2 Group: Dicot Family: Polygonaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: L48    N AK    I PR    N CAN    N Synonyms:   PEHY7 Persicaria hydropiperoides (Michx.) Small   PEHYB Persicaria hydropiperoides (Michx.) Small var. breviciliata (Fernald) C.F. Reed   PEHYE Persicaria hydropiperoides (Michx.) Small var. euronotora (Fernald) C.F. Reed   PEHYO Persicaria hydropiperoides...

2012-06-14 13:10:33

Symbol: PHHER2 Group: Dicot Family: Solanaceae Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Forb/herb Native Status: L48    N Distribution: PhysalisheterophyllaNees var.rowelliiStanford distribution:USA(TX) Classification:       Kingdom   Plantae – Plants Subkingdom   Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision   Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division   Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class   Magnoliopsida...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'