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Latest Star formation Stories

Lupus 4
2014-09-04 06:52:11

Richard Hook, ESO Lupus 4, a spider-shaped blob of gas and dust, blots out background stars like a dark cloud on a moonless night in this intriguing new image. Although gloomy for now, dense pockets of material within clouds such as Lupus 4 are where new stars form and where they will later burst into radiant life. The Wide Field Imager on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile captured this new picture. [ Watch the Video: A Close-Up View Of The Dark...

molecular cloud thinkstock 89614446
2014-09-01 04:34:43

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astrophysicists and computational astronomers from the University of California, Santa Cruz have discovered why sibling stars look alike – those formed from a single cloud share the same chemical fingerprint due to early, fast and turbulent mixing of gas in the giant molecular clouds where star formation occurs. Stars are made primarily of hydrogen and helium, but they also contain trace amounts of elements such as carbon, oxygen...

Orion Molecular Cloud Complex
2014-08-28 07:00:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Current theories suggest that rocky planets like Earth start their lives as microscopic bits of dust tinier than a grain of sand. Filaments of star-forming gas near the Orion Nebula might be full of pebble-sized particles, according to a new study released by astronomers using the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Green Bank Telescope (GBT). These pebbles are planetary building blocks 100 to 1,000 times larger than the dust...

dramatic star formation regions
2014-08-20 06:03:47

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The Wide Field Imager at the ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile has captured new images of two dramatic regions of star formation in the southern Milky Way, one of which features a Wolf–Rayet multiple star system. [ Watch: Zooming In On Star Formation In The Southern Milky Way ] Wolf-Rayet stars, the ESO explains, are at an advanced stage of stellar evolution and begin with a mass approximately 20 times that of the sun....

Research Finds Numerous Unknown Jets From Planetary Nebulae And Young Stars
2014-08-01 03:48:51

University of Kent For many years astronomers have known that young 'protostars' drive supersonic jets of gas from their north and south poles. However, this is the first time that so many of them have been detected at once. The results come from a five year survey undertaken with the UK Infra-Red Telescope and are expected to prompt significant changes in the understanding of the planetary nebulae population in the Galaxy, as well as the properties of jets ejected from young forming...

protoplanetary discs in a double star
2014-07-31 05:31:40

ESO Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found wildly misaligned planet-forming gas disks around the two young stars in the binary system HK Tauri. These new ALMA observations provide the clearest picture ever of protoplanetary disks in a double star. The new result also helps to explain why so many exoplanets — unlike the planets in the Solar System — came to have strange, eccentric or inclined orbits. The results will appear in the journal...

New Evidence Explains How The 'Pillars Of Creation' Came Into Being
2014-06-27 06:48:02

Gerard LeBlond for redorbit.com - Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: How The ‘Pillars of Creation’ Were Created ] The 'Pillars of Creation' is one of the most famous images observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. It shows cooler interstellar gases being eroded by intense radiation and wind from nearby massive stars. The image was photographed in 1995. Scott Balfour, an astronomer from Cardiff University produced a similar simulation and suggests that the stars that make the...

Star Cluster Study Inspires New Ideas On How Sun-Like Stars Form
2014-05-08 10:15:43

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The prevailing theory on star cluster formation states that gravity causes a giant cloud of gas and dust to condense to concentrations that trigger the ignition of stars at the center of the cloud. However, according to a new study based on data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes, some of the oldest stars in known clusters sit on the exterior of their groups. The study researchers focused on two clusters...

2014-05-07 12:21:42

WASHINGTON, May 7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and infrared telescopes, astronomers have made an important advance in the understanding of how clusters of stars come into being. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO The data show early notions of how star clusters are formed cannot be correct. The simplest idea is stars form into clusters when a giant cloud of gas and dust condenses. The center of the cloud pulls...

Protostars In Orion Nebula Doomed By Larger Stars
2014-03-11 06:11:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) found that some protostars in the Orion Nebula are doomed from the beginning. The Orion Nebula has hundreds of young stars, or protostars, and even some “proplyds,” which are stars that are even younger than protostars. Astronomers have discovered that some of these young stars will have their planet-forming dust and gas blasted away from another star when...


Latest Star formation Reference Libraries

6_a1ae8ebf66110513af3385295f837b592
2004-10-19 04:45:42

T Tauri -- T Tauri stars are a class of stars thought to represent extremely young pre-main sequence stars, in an early stage of life. They are seen near many molecular clouds in our galaxy. The first ones were found in 1945, identified by their optical variability and strong chromospheric lines. T Tauri stars have masses and temperatures similar to the Sun, but are significantly brighter. They have fast rotation rates, typically with a period of a few days, compared to a month for...

6_eb1c58e78fe764237148429a189b17e92
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

6_53083d96ff77dbf99c47ef10b6a209332
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

6_1e0e5cf9a2c3ce795f6505f978f2a7d42
2004-10-19 04:45:41

H II Region -- An H II region is an emission nebula associated with hot, young, blue stars, and star forming regions. H II, or singly-ionized hydrogen, is nebular gas ionized by ultraviolet light emitted by these hot, young stars of spectral type O and B. The sizes of H II regions are determined both by the amount of gas present, and by the luminosity of the O and B stars -- the more luminous the stars are, the larger the H II region can be. H II regions are found within the spiral...

3_2ba8343f20ea4b49d1ac4cbb2680b3fa2
2004-10-19 04:45:40

Horsehead Nebula -- The Horsehead Nebula, a part of the optical nebula IC434 and also known as Barnard 33, was first recorded in 1888 on a photographic plate taken at the Harvard College Observatory. Its coincidental appearance as the profile of a horse's head and neck has led to its becoming one of the most familiar astronomical objects. It is, in fact, an extremely dense cloud projecting in front of the ionized gas that provides the pink glow so nicely revealed in this picture. We...

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Word of the Day
grass-comber
  • A landsman who is making his first voyage at sea; a novice who enters naval service from rural life.
According to the OED, a grass-comber is also 'a sailor's term for one who has been a farm-labourer.'