Last updated on April 20, 2014 at 8:28 EDT

Latest Star formation Stories

Protostars In Orion Nebula Doomed By Larger Stars
2014-03-11 06:11:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) found that some protostars in the Orion Nebula are doomed from the beginning. The Orion Nebula has hundreds of young stars, or protostars, and even some “proplyds,” which are stars that are even younger than protostars. Astronomers have discovered that some of these young stars will have their planet-forming dust and gas blasted away from another star when...

Red Dead Redemption: Black Holes Bully Galaxies Into Submission
2014-02-26 15:13:15

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Typically filled with only the oldest stars, which are relatively low in mass and appear red, giant elliptical galaxies have long baffled astronomers. These galaxies are mysteriously shut down with respect to star-forming activity – a status scientists refer to as “red and dead.” These galaxies are thought to be low on cold gas, an important raw material for star forming, but a new study in the Monthly Notices of the Royal...

Snake Nebula
2014-02-26 12:49:25

[ Watch the Video: Birth Of A Star A Family Affair ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) telescope have imaged the most detailed look yet of stellar nurseries within the Snake nebula. The Snake nebula is about 11,700 light-years away from Earth towards the direction of the constellation Ophiuchus. The astronomers chose this nebula because it shows the potential to form many massive stars. "To learn how...

Astronomers Discover Drastic Chemical Change In The Birth Of A Planetary System
2014-02-14 04:33:39

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of scientists led by the University of Tokyo say that the chemical compositions of an interstellar cloud and the disk are not identical. Stars are formed by the contraction of interstellar gas and dust, and this mix ends up helping to eventually form planets. However, scientists have wondered whether the chemical compositions of the interstellar cloud and the disk that creates the planets are identical. The latest findings,...

Active Supermassive Black Holes Discovered In Two Merging Galaxies
2014-01-28 13:17:31

[ Watch the Video: Galaxy Mergers And Supermassive Black Holes ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers publishing a paper in the Astrophysical Journal say they have found two merging galaxies have active supermassive black holes. The team conducted infrared observations of the merging galaxies by using the Subaru Telescope. They found that at least one of the supermassive black holes almost always becomes active and luminous by accreting a large amount of...

Massive Star Formation Mystery Solved
2014-01-28 04:04:20

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Enormous young stars, which have over 10 times the mass of the Sun, shine brilliantly in ultraviolet wavelengths, energizing the gas around them, and it has long been a mystery why this superheated gas doesn't explode outwards. According to a new study in The Astrophysical Journal Letters, a group of scientists using the Jansky Very Large Array (VLA), a radio observatory in New Mexico, has validated theories that say as the gas cloud...

NASA's Hubble Telescope Looks Deep Inside The Tarantula Nebula
2014-01-10 09:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Hubble Images Tarantula Nebula In New Detail ] Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Hubble Tarantula Treasury Program from NASA has revealed some fascinating new images deep inside the Tarantula Nebula, also known as 30 Daradus. This nebula is positioned inside the Large Magellanic Cloud 170,000 light-years away and contains some 800,000 stars and protostars. Upon completion of the program, a huge catalog of stellar properties will be...

Discovery Helps Explain Binary Systems
2013-12-31 14:59:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Very Large Array (VLA) have made a discovery that helps explain how double-star systems form. Half of all sun-like stars are part of double or multiple-star systems, and scientists have long debated over how these systems form. The latest discovery of previously-unseen binary companions to a pair of young protostars lends strong support for one of these explanations. "The only way to resolve the debate is to...

massive Star forming cluster discovered
2013-12-16 15:57:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Smithsonian's Submillimeter Array (SMA) have discovered a giant star-forming region. Known as W49A, the region is located 36,000 light-years away from Earth on the opposite side of the Milky Way. Astronomers say the star-forming region shines 100 times brighter than the Orion nebula. In order to view W49A, astronomers had to aim SMA through dusty fog, after which the telescope helped reveal an active site of star...

Explosive Milky Way Protostar Reveals Details About Star Formation
2013-12-04 14:04:38

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) telescope in northern Chile, scientists have identified a very young star in our galaxy which had such an explosive birth, it used to be about 100 times brighter than it is now, according to a new study in Astrophysical Journal Letters. The study, from astrophysicists at the Niels Bohr Institute and the Centre for Star and Planet Formation at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, has...

Latest Star formation Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:42

T Tauri -- T Tauri stars are a class of stars thought to represent extremely young pre-main sequence stars, in an early stage of life. They are seen near many molecular clouds in our galaxy. The first ones were found in 1945, identified by their optical variability and strong chromospheric lines. T Tauri stars have masses and temperatures similar to the Sun, but are significantly brighter. They have fast rotation rates, typically with a period of a few days, compared to a month for...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

H II Region -- An H II region is an emission nebula associated with hot, young, blue stars, and star forming regions. H II, or singly-ionized hydrogen, is nebular gas ionized by ultraviolet light emitted by these hot, young stars of spectral type O and B. The sizes of H II regions are determined both by the amount of gas present, and by the luminosity of the O and B stars -- the more luminous the stars are, the larger the H II region can be. H II regions are found within the spiral...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Horsehead Nebula -- The Horsehead Nebula, a part of the optical nebula IC434 and also known as Barnard 33, was first recorded in 1888 on a photographic plate taken at the Harvard College Observatory. Its coincidental appearance as the profile of a horse's head and neck has led to its becoming one of the most familiar astronomical objects. It is, in fact, an extremely dense cloud projecting in front of the ionized gas that provides the pink glow so nicely revealed in this picture. We...

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