Latest Star formation Stories

Throes Of Stellar Birth Revealed As Never Before
2013-11-12 04:04:45

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The bubbly birth of a bouncing baby star has been revealed by observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the newly completed Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile. For the well-studied object known as HH 46/47, the observations have revealed the mechanisms of stellar birth as never before seen. HH, or Herbig-Haro, objects form when jets pushed out by newborn stars collide with material surrounding...

Astronomers Find Huge 'Hot Core' Enveloping Infant Star
2013-10-04 13:31:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered an infant star while looking at an infrared dark cloud that is about ten times larger than those found around typical solar-mass baby stars. A team using the ALMA Observatory was looking at infrared dark cloud G34.43+00.24 MM3 when it discovered the baby star. Hot molecular clouds around new-born stars are known as "Hot Cores" and have temperatures that are 100 degrees hotter than normal molecular clouds....

Hostile Weather Balloon At Heart Of Milky Way
2013-10-03 15:13:50

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online We live in relative safety, far away from immense explosions, extreme weather, and chaotic interactions. Of course, I speak of our little corner of the Milky Way, nearly two-thirds of the way out from the galactic center, nestled between two spiral arms. This relatively sparse section of the cosmos stands in stark contracts to the center of the galaxy, where star formation, supernovae and intense space-weather would make life as...

Critical Interplay Discovered Between Cosmic Dust, Magnetic Fields
2013-09-27 10:40:02

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Interstellar magnetic fields can be found throughout the Milky Way and other similar galaxies. They are thought to be a key regulator in star formation and the propagation of cosmic rays. A new study published in The Astrophysical Journal has provided new insights for scientists looking to probe the strength and structure of these magnetic fields, a highly difficult phenomenon to accurately measure. To learn more about interstellar...

2013-09-25 23:03:00

USRA-led team finds polarized starlight implicates interstellar dust as host of hydrogen molecule formation, allows tracing magnetic fields in space. Columbia, MD1 (PRWEB) September 25, 2013 In a paper published in the Oct. 1, 2013, issue of The Astrophysical Journal, an integrated team of observers and theoreticians led by USRA astronomer Dr. B-G Andersson, has used telescopes in Spain, Hawaii, Arizona, and New Mexico, to show – for the first time – that intense molecular hydrogen...

Black Hole Blows Powerful Streams
2013-09-06 08:51:29

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A worldwide network of radio telescopes has allowed astronomers to find strong evidence that a powerful jet of material, propelled to nearly light speed by the central black hole of a galaxy, is blowing massive amounts of gas out of the host galaxy. The scientists say the process is limiting the growth of the black hole and the rate of star formation in the galaxy. That makes the process a key to understanding how galaxies develop....

Hubble Views A Cosmic Caterpillar
2013-08-30 06:46:53

[ Watch The Video - Protostar IRAS 20324+4057 Zoom Sequence ] NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope This light-year-long knot of interstellar gas and dust resembles a caterpillar on its way to a feast. But the meat of the story is not only what this cosmic caterpillar eats for lunch, but also what's eating it. Harsh winds from extremely bright stars are blasting ultraviolet radiation at this "wanna-be" star and sculpting the gas and dust into its long shape. The culprits are 65 of the...

Zombie-Like Vortex Gives Final Push To Birth New Star
2013-08-21 14:06:17

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For years, most astronomers have agreed on the basic steps that lead to star formation, except one – how a cloud of swirling gas can slow down enough to concentrate into something capable of nuclear fusion. A new study from the University of California, Berkeley has found evidence of “zombie vortices” within a gestating star leading to a final push that gives birth to a new star. According to prevailing theories, stars begin...

ALMA Pics Dramatic Star Birth
2013-08-20 09:15:05

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers say they have obtained a close-up view of material streaming away from a newborn star. Using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope, a team of scientists was able to discover the jets coming off an object called Herbig-Haro 46/47 are even more energetic than previously believed. The new images also reveal a previously unknown jet pointing in an entirely different direction. The new images reveal...

Latest Star formation Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:42

T Tauri -- T Tauri stars are a class of stars thought to represent extremely young pre-main sequence stars, in an early stage of life. They are seen near many molecular clouds in our galaxy. The first ones were found in 1945, identified by their optical variability and strong chromospheric lines. T Tauri stars have masses and temperatures similar to the Sun, but are significantly brighter. They have fast rotation rates, typically with a period of a few days, compared to a month for...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Star Formation -- Star formation is the process by which gas in molecular clouds gets transformed into stars. In the current paradigm of star formation, cores of molecular clouds (regions of specially high density) became gravitationally unstable, and start to concentrate. Part of the gravitational energy lost in the process is radiated in the infrared, another part increases the temperature of the core. The accretion of material happen partially though a circumstellar disc. When...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

H II Region -- An H II region is an emission nebula associated with hot, young, blue stars, and star forming regions. H II, or singly-ionized hydrogen, is nebular gas ionized by ultraviolet light emitted by these hot, young stars of spectral type O and B. The sizes of H II regions are determined both by the amount of gas present, and by the luminosity of the O and B stars -- the more luminous the stars are, the larger the H II region can be. H II regions are found within the spiral...

2004-10-19 04:45:40

Horsehead Nebula -- The Horsehead Nebula, a part of the optical nebula IC434 and also known as Barnard 33, was first recorded in 1888 on a photographic plate taken at the Harvard College Observatory. Its coincidental appearance as the profile of a horse's head and neck has led to its becoming one of the most familiar astronomical objects. It is, in fact, an extremely dense cloud projecting in front of the ionized gas that provides the pink glow so nicely revealed in this picture. We...

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