Latest Star types Stories

Yellow Supergiant Star
2013-04-06 05:40:34

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Supernovae are important astronomical objects. They tell us about how stars die and are used as measuring sticks to investigate distant galaxies. But there is still some uncertainty as to how the supernova process proceeds in some cases. It is believed that the most common progenitor of Type II supernova is the collapse of supergiant stars. In this phase of their evolution stars oscillate between red supergiant and more...

Kepler Data Shows Light-bending Gravity In Action
2013-04-05 08:44:27

[ Watch the Video: Dead Star Warps Light of Red Star ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online NASA's Kepler space telescope has observed the effects of a dead star bending the light of its companion star, one of the first detections of this phenomenon in double star systems. The dead star, known as a white dwarf, is the burnt-out core of what used to be a star much like our sun. It is locked in an orbiting pattern with its partner, a small "red dwarf" star, which is...

Kepler Supernova Remnant Triggers Identified
2013-03-19 04:33:38

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has identified the cause of Kepler's supernova, the famous explosion first discovered by Johannes Kepler in 1604. The image above shows low (red), intermediate (green) and high (blue) energy X-rays with a star field background from the Digitized Sky Survey. It is already known that the supernova is a Type Ia, which is the thermonuclear explosion of a white dwarf star. Type Ia's are important cosmic...

Dense Matter Of Neutron Stars Revealed Through X-Ray Observations
2013-03-07 12:03:35

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The densest matter in the Universe outside of black holes is contained in neutron stars, the ultra-dense cores left behind after massive stars collapse. One of the most reliable determinations yet of the relationship between the radius of a neutron star and its mass has been provided by new results from NASA's Chandra, along with European Space Agency's (ESA) XMM-Newton and NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE), which constrain how...

Are We There Yet? Astronomers Measure Distance To Neighboring Galaxy
2013-03-06 12:13:52

[ Video 1 ] | [ Video 2 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have now accurately measured the distance to our neighboring galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). Scientists have struggled with trying to find an accurate distance to the LMC, which is one of the nearest galaxies to the Milky Way. However, a team of astronomers used observations of a rare class of double star, known as eclipsing binaries, to determine that LMC lies 163,000 light-years...

Scientists Recreate Spiral Arms Of Ancient Milky Way
2013-03-04 19:11:57

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online Using observations made possible by the European Space Agency´s INTEGRAL satellite, a pair of French scientists has been able to recreate how the Milky Way´s spiral arms looked millions of years ago. According to their report in the Astrophysical Journal, the two researchers based their recreation on the observations of high mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), pairs of massive stars that are surrounded with the remnants of...

Fermi's Motion Creates A Celestial Spirograph
2013-02-28 12:15:33

NASA [ Watch The Video ] NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope orbits our planet every 95 minutes, building up increasingly deeper views of the universe with every circuit. Its wide-eyed Large Area Telescope (LAT) sweeps across the entire sky every three hours, capturing the highest-energy form of light -- gamma rays -- from sources across the universe. These range from supermassive black holes billions of light-years away to intriguing objects in our own galaxy, such as X-ray...

Gaia Mission To Detect Ultra-cool Dwarfs In The Milky Way
2013-02-14 05:47:05

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online There are small subsets of stars among the hundred billion in the Milky Way called ultra-cool dwarfs, which have a temperature below 2500 Kelvin. Both ultra-cool dwarfs and brown dwarfs exist at these lower temperatures. The lower temperatures indicate that these are some of the most ancient objects in our Galaxy, leading scientists to examine them for information on primitive chemical composition. The Gaia mission, which will be...

Astronomers Discover Youngest Black Hole In Milky Way
2013-02-13 12:11:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online A rare explosion from a rotating star may have created the most recent black hole formed in the Milky Way galaxy. Astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory claim that matter was ejected at high speeds along the poles of a rotating star, creating a supernova remnant, W49B, which may contain a young black hole. "W49B is the first of its kind to be discovered in the galaxy," said Laura Lopez, who led the study at the...

Latest Star types Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
  • A fool; a simpleton: a term of abuse common in Ireland and to a less extent in the Gaelic-speaking parts of Scotland.
This word is partly Irish in origin.