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Latest Star types Stories

2014-02-18 16:20:12

WASHINGTON, Feb. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has seen a fast-moving pulsar escaping from a supernova remnant while spewing out a record-breaking jet - the longest of any object in the Milky Way galaxy -- of high-energy particles. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The pulsar, a type of neutron star, is known as IGR J11014-6103. IGR J11014-6103's peculiar behavior can likely be traced back to its birth in the...

Astronomers Discover Drastic Chemical Change In The Birth Of A Planetary System
2014-02-14 04:33:39

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A team of scientists led by the University of Tokyo say that the chemical compositions of an interstellar cloud and the disk are not identical. Stars are formed by the contraction of interstellar gas and dust, and this mix ends up helping to eventually form planets. However, scientists have wondered whether the chemical compositions of the interstellar cloud and the disk that creates the planets are identical. The latest findings,...

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....

New Look At Old Galactic Friend
2014-02-07 09:05:06

NASA Just weeks after NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory began operations in 1999, the telescope pointed at Centaurus A (Cen A, for short). This galaxy, at a distance of about 12 million light years from Earth, contains a gargantuan jet blasting away from a central supermassive black hole. Since then, Chandra has returned its attention to this galaxy, each time gathering more data. And, like an old family photo that has been digitally restored, new processing techniques are providing...

Brown Dwarf Weather Map
2014-01-29 13:17:01

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists using the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the European Southern Observatory created the world’s first map of the weather on the surface of a brown dwarf. The international team developed a map featuring the dark and light features of WISE J104915.57-531906.1B, which is the nearest brown dwarf to Earth. This brown dwarf, informally known as Luhman 16B, is one of two recently discovered brown dwarfs only six light years away...

ESA Confirms Inside Out Model Milky Way
2014-01-20 11:40:56

[ Watch the Video: Inside-out Formation Of The Milky Way ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online New research from the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia-ESO project has confirmed previous theories on the inside-out development of the Milky Way, with the inner regions of the galaxy’s disc being the first to form. According to their report in the astronomical database Astro-ph, the study researchers reached their conclusions using observations taken with the 8-meter...

Be Star Black Hole
2014-01-17 08:27:04

[ Watch the Video: Turn About Is Fair Play - Black Hole Caught Orbiting A Star ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Black holes, by their very definition, are difficult to find. Their density is so great, that light cannot be given off directly, and photons that stray too close are absorbed into the gravitational well. So researchers have to rely on indirect evidence that a black hole is present by searching for their effects on other nearby objects....

Currie Celestial Body_010914
2014-01-09 15:42:28

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online One of the more interesting questions in astronomy surrounds how solar system objects actually form. Astronomers are particularly concerned about the boundary between a planet and a star. When examining the objects in our own solar neighborhood, the question seems trivial – the Sun dominates the mass of our system, while even the largest planet, Jupiter, is dwarfed by comparison. In other parts of the galaxy, stars exist that...

Swift Sees X-ray Action In Milky Way's Center
2014-01-09 06:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Swift Sees Changes in the Milky Way 2006 – 2013 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have discovered a rare celestial entity that could help test predictions of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. A team at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in National Harbor, Maryland, explained how images obtained through NASA’s Swift spacecraft could help decipher the physical nature of X-ray flares and enable...

2014-01-08 12:21:31

WASHINGTON, Jan. 8, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Recent observations by NASA's Swift spacecraft have provided scientists a unique glimpse into the activity at the center of our galaxy and led to the discovery of a rare celestial entity that may help them test predictions of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) This week, at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in National Harbor, Md.,...


Latest Star types Reference Libraries

7_d6897d09acee1dd0c34d0fbf62ff7d0b2
2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_f90ed86f2fe38a60d6f89c02ad7d21082
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_48ed76f36ff2f4ed0ad83a22964029652
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
bellycheer
  • Good cheer; viands.
  • To revel; to feast.
The word 'bellycheer' may come from 'belle cheer', "good cheer".
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