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Latest Star types Stories

Swift Sees X-ray Action In Milky Way's Center
2014-01-09 06:14:19

[ Watch the Video: Swift Sees Changes in the Milky Way 2006 – 2013 ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have discovered a rare celestial entity that could help test predictions of Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity. A team at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in National Harbor, Maryland, explained how images obtained through NASA’s Swift spacecraft could help decipher the physical nature of X-ray flares and enable...

2014-01-08 12:21:31

WASHINGTON, Jan. 8, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Recent observations by NASA's Swift spacecraft have provided scientists a unique glimpse into the activity at the center of our galaxy and led to the discovery of a rare celestial entity that may help them test predictions of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) This week, at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in National Harbor, Md.,...

Storms As Big As Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' Found On Brown Dwarfs
2014-01-07 11:57:11

[ Watch the Video: Torrential Storm Clouds On Brown Dwarfs ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most brown dwarfs may contain storms as big as Jupiter’s “Great Red Spot,” according to findings presented at the American Astronomical Society in Washington. Brown dwarfs are a form of star, but lack the mass to fuse atoms continually to turn themselves into a full-fledged star. The celestial bodies are like a cross between a Jupiter-sized gas planet and a star....

Gravity Clues From Stellar Triple System
2014-01-06 03:39:45

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The discovery of a superdense neutron star in a stellar triple system has made it possible for researchers to collect the best measurements to date of the complex gravitational interactions present in these types of systems, according to a new study in Nature. Using the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT), the study authors were able to locate the pulsar along with two white dwarf stars in a compact area...

Discovery Helps Explain Binary Systems
2013-12-31 14:59:55

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers using the Very Large Array (VLA) have made a discovery that helps explain how double-star systems form. Half of all sun-like stars are part of double or multiple-star systems, and scientists have long debated over how these systems form. The latest discovery of previously-unseen binary companions to a pair of young protostars lends strong support for one of these explanations. "The only way to resolve the debate is to...

Rare Binary White Dwarf Systems
2013-12-20 08:30:50

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a half-century ago, astronomers discovered a strange star in the Canes Venatici constellation. It was later determined that the unusual properties of the object arose because it was not an isolated star at all, but rather a very tight binary system. With an orbital period of 18 minutes – for comparison the orbit of Mercury around the Sun takes about 88 Earth days – the individual members of the system are incredibly...

Brown Dwarf Binary System May Include A Hidden Planet
2013-12-17 04:15:33

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Analysis of the two brown dwarfs located closest to the sun suggests that there could actually be a third, previously undetected planetary-mass object, according to research published as a letter to the editor in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. Brown dwarfs, which are failed stars that have a mass of less than 8 percent the mass of the sun, are not massive enough to burn hydrogen in their centers. The system at the...

Where Brown Dwarfs End And Stars Begin
2013-12-15 04:37:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars form as interstellar gas accumulates, increasing in density and temperature. Eventually, the environment at the core of the object reaches a state where hydrogen begins fusing at a high enough rate that the outward radiation pressure and the inward gravitational force reach a balance, and a star is born. However, if the forming proto-star is not quite massive enough, the fusion process is not able to produce enough...

Astronomers Puzzled By Discovery Of Giant Planet Orbiting Distant Star
2013-12-05 12:56:55

[ Watch the Video: What Planet Has Astronomers Puzzled? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have found the most distant orbiting planet to date, and the puzzling discovery is effectively throwing a wrench in planet formation theories. Scientists reported in The Astrophysical Journal Letters that exoplanet HD 106906 b is orbiting its star at 650 times the average Earth-Sun distance. "This system is especially fascinating because no model of either...

Astronomers Find Youngest-Ever X-Ray Binary
2013-12-05 06:29:43

[ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using data obtained from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Australia Telescope Compact Array, researchers have identified the remains of a supernova that exploded just 2,500 years ago, making it the youngest astronomical object of its kind ever discovered. The object is an X-ray binary located between 24,000 and 30,000 light years from Earth in the...


Latest Star types Reference Libraries

7_d6897d09acee1dd0c34d0fbf62ff7d0b2
2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_f90ed86f2fe38a60d6f89c02ad7d21082
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_48ed76f36ff2f4ed0ad83a22964029652
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.