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Latest Star types Stories

Ancient Brown Dwarfs
2013-11-21 15:05:41

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The galaxy is a diverse place, containing stars, planets, nebulous gas, black holes, and all matter of other objects, some of which we still do not understand. But among this vast array sits an object that is neither a star, nor a planet. These brown dwarfs have masses only a fraction of that of our Sun, but are still at least 13 times more massive than Jupiter. But because of the lack of substantial fusion, the surface of...

Revealing New Information On Strength Of Black Hole Mergers
2013-11-08 07:13:10

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) in eastern Australia has helped reveal new information about the strength of black hole mergers. Giant black holes throughout the universe sometimes pair up and merge, sending out gravitational waves that ripple across space and time. Albert Einstein predicted that these waves exist, but scientists have yet to directly detect one. Astronomers were able to...

Two Black Holes Form, Fuse Together After Star Collapses
2013-11-07 07:17:18

[ Watch the video: Supermassive Star Collapses, Forms Two Black Holes ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Black holes are massive objects in space that have gravitational forces so strong that not even light can escape them. These objects, swirling at the centers of galaxies, also come in a variety of sizes. On the small end of the spectrum are stellar-mass black holes, which are formed during the deaths of stars. On the largest end are supermassive black holes....

Former Missile Tracking Telescope Tracks Evolution Of Crab Pulsar
2013-10-31 16:31:02

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online A former missile tracking telescope has helped astronomers determine how the magnetic field structure and rotation of a young and rapidly rotating Crab pulsar evolves. Scientists wrote in the journal Science about a 22-year experiment that involved observing a steady change in the flashes of the Crab pulsar. This highly-compact star emits beams of radio waves that produce flashes each time it rotates, which occurs about 30 times a...

Light Echoes From The Black Hole At The Heart Of The Milky Way
2013-10-25 05:25:40

[ Watch the Video: Time-Lapse of Supermassive Black Hole Sagittarius A* ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online During the last few hundred years, the dim region very close to the supermassive black hole near the center of the Milky Way has flared up with at least two luminous outbursts, according to a team of researchers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory. A new study of rapid variations in the X-ray emissions from gas clouds surrounding Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*) -...

Largest Known Star Self Destructs
2013-10-16 12:49:05

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of international scientists have been observing as the largest known star in the Universe tears itself apart. Astronomers from the UK, Chile, Germany and the US have watched as W26 in the Westerlund 1 star cluster shed its outer layers and flings a huge cloud of glowing hydrogen gas out to return enriched material back to the interstellar medium. The latest observation, reported in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal...

Sunless Planet Found Wandering In Galaxy
2013-10-10 10:04:16

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online While most of the planets seen outside our solar system have been observed orbiting a distant star, one of the most recently discovered exoplanets found was seen wandering the depths of space without the warming comfort of a nearby sun. The newly discovered planet PSO J318.5-22 is 80 light-years from Earth and has a mass about six times that of Jupiter. According to a study in Astrophysical Journal Letters that described the discovery,...

Astronomers Find Huge 'Hot Core' Enveloping Infant Star
2013-10-04 13:31:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered an infant star while looking at an infrared dark cloud that is about ten times larger than those found around typical solar-mass baby stars. A team using the ALMA Observatory was looking at infrared dark cloud G34.43+00.24 MM3 when it discovered the baby star. Hot molecular clouds around new-born stars are known as "Hot Cores" and have temperatures that are 100 degrees hotter than normal molecular clouds....

Jekyll And Hyde Pulsar Has A Split Personality
2013-09-26 04:31:06

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online [ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] Scientists writing in the journal Nature say they have discovered a millisecond pulsar with a dual identity. The team used NASA's Swift and Chandra X-ray Observatory to find a pulsar that readily shifts back and forth between two mutually exclusive styles of pulsed emission, including one in X-rays and another in radio. Scientists say this discovery represents an...

NASA Scientists Discover Cool Brown Dwarfs That Are Still Pretty Warm
2013-09-06 11:02:56

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two years ago NASA scientists revealed a new class of stars, dubbed ‘Y dwarfs,' thought to be about as warm as the human body. However, newly published research indicates that these cold stars are probably a bit warmer than the boiling point of water. These stars are believed to have a mass about 5 to 20 times that of Jupiter. Unlike our sun, these types of brown dwarf stars derive their energy via gravitational contraction, a...


Latest Star types Reference Libraries

7_d6897d09acee1dd0c34d0fbf62ff7d0b2
2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_f90ed86f2fe38a60d6f89c02ad7d21082
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_48ed76f36ff2f4ed0ad83a22964029652
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
attercop
  • A spider.
  • Figuratively, a peevish, testy, ill-natured person.
'Attercop' comes from the Old English 'atorcoppe,' where 'atter' means 'poison, venom' and‎ 'cop' means 'spider.' 'Coppa' is a derivative of 'cop,' top, summit, round head, or 'copp,' cup, vessel, which refers to 'the supposed venomous properties of spiders,' says the OED. 'Copp' is still found in the word 'cobweb.'
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