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Latest Star types Stories

Where Brown Dwarfs End And Stars Begin
2013-12-15 04:37:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Stars form as interstellar gas accumulates, increasing in density and temperature. Eventually, the environment at the core of the object reaches a state where hydrogen begins fusing at a high enough rate that the outward radiation pressure and the inward gravitational force reach a balance, and a star is born. However, if the forming proto-star is not quite massive enough, the fusion process is not able to produce enough...

Astronomers Puzzled By Discovery Of Giant Planet Orbiting Distant Star
2013-12-05 12:56:55

[ Watch the Video: What Planet Has Astronomers Puzzled? ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have found the most distant orbiting planet to date, and the puzzling discovery is effectively throwing a wrench in planet formation theories. Scientists reported in The Astrophysical Journal Letters that exoplanet HD 106906 b is orbiting its star at 650 times the average Earth-Sun distance. "This system is especially fascinating because no model of either...

Astronomers Find Youngest-Ever X-Ray Binary
2013-12-05 06:29:43

[ Watch the Video: Millisecond Pulsar with Magnetic Field Structure ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using data obtained from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Australia Telescope Compact Array, researchers have identified the remains of a supernova that exploded just 2,500 years ago, making it the youngest astronomical object of its kind ever discovered. The object is an X-ray binary located between 24,000 and 30,000 light years from Earth in the...

Explosive Milky Way Protostar Reveals Details About Star Formation
2013-12-04 14:04:38

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Using the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) telescope in northern Chile, scientists have identified a very young star in our galaxy which had such an explosive birth, it used to be about 100 times brighter than it is now, according to a new study in Astrophysical Journal Letters. The study, from astrophysicists at the Niels Bohr Institute and the Centre for Star and Planet Formation at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, has...

Astronomers See The Light With Help From Citizen Scientists
2013-12-02 13:35:48

National Science Foundation Einstein@Home volunteers find four Gamma-ray pulsars and shed light on another part of the galaxy The combination of globally distributed computing power and innovative analysis methods is now a proven formula for the discovery of new once-elusive pulsars. Scientists from the Max Planck Institutes for Gravitational Physics and Radio Astronomy together with volunteers from Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan and the United States discovered four...

Neutron Star Mystery Heats Up
2013-12-02 04:34:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online New research appearing in the latest edition of the journal Nature is casting doubts on currently accepted theories has to how the surface of a neutron star heats itself up. Neutron stars are super-dense stars that form once a large star explodes, causing the core to collapse upon itself. Scientists had long believed that nuclear reactions within the crust contributed to the heating of the star’s surface, but Michigan State...

Lightweight Black Hole Has Elegant Manners
2013-11-29 05:00:59

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Our understanding of how some black holes consume matter might be changed by new observations of a black hole powering an energetic X-ray source in a galaxy some 22 million light years away. The findings, published in a recent issue of Nature, indicate that this particular black hole, thought to be the engine behind the X-ray source’s high-energy light output, is unexpectedly lightweight. Additionally, in spite of the generous amount...

Ancient Brown Dwarfs
2013-11-21 15:05:41

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The galaxy is a diverse place, containing stars, planets, nebulous gas, black holes, and all matter of other objects, some of which we still do not understand. But among this vast array sits an object that is neither a star, nor a planet. These brown dwarfs have masses only a fraction of that of our Sun, but are still at least 13 times more massive than Jupiter. But because of the lack of substantial fusion, the surface of...

Revealing New Information On Strength Of Black Hole Mergers
2013-11-08 07:13:10

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) in eastern Australia has helped reveal new information about the strength of black hole mergers. Giant black holes throughout the universe sometimes pair up and merge, sending out gravitational waves that ripple across space and time. Albert Einstein predicted that these waves exist, but scientists have yet to directly detect one. Astronomers were able to...


Latest Star types Reference Libraries

7_d6897d09acee1dd0c34d0fbf62ff7d0b2
2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_f90ed86f2fe38a60d6f89c02ad7d21082
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_48ed76f36ff2f4ed0ad83a22964029652
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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