Latest Star types Stories

Monstrous Stellar Collisions Not Expected To Occur Anytime Soon
2013-07-11 14:32:31

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astrophysicists from the Astronomical Observatory of the Faculty of Physics at the University of Warsaw say the next collision of monstrous stars will not occur until billions of years from now. Three years ago, scientists discovered that the Magellanic Clouds host gigantic stars with between 200 and 300 times the solar mass  of our own Sun. Before then, astronomers believed that the biggest stars in the Universe did not...

Bursts Of Cosmic Radio Waves May Be From The Beginning Of The Universe
2013-07-05 05:13:51

[ Watch the Video: A Population of Fast Radio Bursts at Cosmological Distances ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers writing in the journal Science say they recently discovered mysterious bursts of radio waves originating from billions of light-years away. The scientists have already ruled out the possibility the bursts came from terrestrial sources. Based on the brightness and distance of the four radio waves, the researchers conclude they come from a...

Astronomers May Have Witnessed A Collapsing Neutron Star
2013-07-05 04:16:37

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Radio observatories have recently noticed bursts of radio light emerging in the night sky. The intense flashes exist for only a moment then disappear and do not seem to repeat. These so called 'blitzars' are a mystery, but researchers Heino Falcke (Max-Plank Institute for radio astronomy) and Luciano Rezzolla (Albert-Einstein Institute in Potsdam) have suggested we may be witnessing the death-cry of a supermassive pulsar...

Red Dwarf Stars May Destroy Possibility Of Life In Their Systems
2013-07-01 18:43:05

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Most of the stars in the Universe are classified as red dwarf stars - stars considerably smaller and cooler than our Sun. About 75 percent of the main sequence stars in our galaxy are classified as such, so they represent an exciting population to study in the search for life beyond Earth. If it were found that Earth-like planets formed around red dwarf stars, then the door would be opened to the possibility we might soon...

Stellar Collision Survivor New Type Pulsating Star
2013-06-28 14:54:18

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers have discovered that the brightness of the remnant of a stellar collision can vary in a way that scientists have not observed before. The team wrote in the journal Nature that these observations will allow astronomers to learn what happens when stars collide in binary systems. Stars like our Sun expand to become red giant stars when the hydrogen that fuels the nuclear fusion in their cores runs out. Binary stars will...

Computer Simulations Shed New Light On Neutron Star Formation
2013-06-28 04:30:08

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) have, for the first time, created three-dimensional computer models in order to study the formation of neutron stars at the center of collapsing stars, officials from the German research center announced earlier this week. By creating what they call the most expensive and elaborate computer simulations of the process to date, the team of investigators confirmed,...

Pulsating White Dwarf Discovered By UT Astronomers
2013-06-20 12:47:40

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A group of astronomers have discovered pulsations from the crystallized remnant of a burnt-out star. The researchers recently reported in The Astrophysical Journal Letters that they were able to use the 2.1-meter Otto Struve Telescope at the University of Texas McDonald Observatory to take a look at the white dwarf GD 518 and discover the pulsations. This finding will allow scientists to see below the star's atmosphere and into its...

Evidence Of New Phase In Neutron Stars Discovered
2013-06-14 13:48:03

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online University of Alicante researchers have discovered the first evidence of a new phase in neutron stars. The scientists wrote in the journal Nature Physics that they have detected what may be the first observational evidence of existence of a new exotic phase of matter in what is known as the "inner crust" of neutron stars, or pulsars. "This may be the first observational evidence of existence of the phase of nuclear...

Nearby Flare Star Gives Burst Of Light
2013-06-14 12:17:36

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Within a span of three minutes, a star in the Usra Major constellation less than 16 light-years from Earth gave off a massive flare, making the object 15 times brighter than normal, according to a new report in the journal Astrophysics. The star, known as WX“¯UMa, is a so-called flare star, a class of stars which can become 100 times or more brighter within a few seconds or minutes. These flares appear to be randomly...

Astronomers Use The Very Long Baseline Array To Set New Record
2013-06-13 14:46:36

ASTRON An international team of scientists led by astronomer Adam Deller (ASTRON) have used the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) to set a new distance accuracy record, pegging a pulsar called PSR J2222-0137 at 871.4 light-years from Earth. They did this by observing the object over a two-year period to detect its parallax, the slight shift in apparent position against background objects when viewed from opposite ends of Earth's orbit around the Sun. With an uncertainty less than four...

Latest Star types Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...

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Word of the Day
  • A 'bachelor seal'; a young male seal which is prevented from mating by its herd's older males (mated bulls defending their territory).
This comes from the Russian word for 'bachelors.'