Latest Star types Stories
Two years ago NASA scientists revealed a new class of stars, dubbed ‘Y dwarfs’, thought to be about as warm as the human body. However, newly published research indicates that these cold stars are probably a bit warmer than the boiling point of water.
This light-year-long knot of interstellar gas and dust resembles a caterpillar on its way to a feast.
Einstein@Home discovers 24 new pulsars in archival data. The combined computing power of 200,000 private PCs helps astronomers take an inventory of the Milky Way.
Scientists at Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO) are developing a new GPS method for spacecraft using pulsars that can precisely determine positions of telescopes and spacecraft in space.
A recent nova, located in the constellation Delphinus, is the brightest such event since 2007 and is visible with the naked eye, assuming the observer is in a relatively dark location away from city lights.
An odd type of neutron star located approximately 6,500 light years from Earth has one of the strongest magnetic fields in the universe – despite previous suggestions it possessed an unusually low magnetic field.
At the center of the Milky Way lurks a supermassive black hole known as Sagittarius A*, with some four million times the mass of our Sun. More than any single object, it has the greatest impact on the formation, evolution and fate of our galaxy.
Astronomers from the Armagh Observatory in Northern Ireland say they have discovered two unusual heavy metal stars.
Gamma-ray bursts are thought to be the most powerful, energetic events in the Universe. They can release as much energy in one second as an entire galaxy expels in an entire year.
X-Ray Astronomy -- Although the more energetic X-rays (E > 30 keV) can penetrate the air at least for distances of a few meters (they would never have been detected and medical X-ray machines would not work if this was not the case) the Earth's atmosphere is thick enough that virtually none are able to penetrate from outer space all the way to the Earth's surface. X-rays in the 0.5 - 5 keV range, where most celestial sources give off the bulk of their energy, can be stopped by a few...
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...
X-ray Pulsar -- This dramatic artist's vision shows a city-sized neutron star centered in a disk of hot plasma drawn from its enfeebled red companion star. Ravenously accreting material from the disk, the neutron star spins faster and faster emitting powerful particle beams and pulses of X-rays as it rotates 400 times a second. Could such a bizarre and inhospitable star system really exist in our Universe? Based on data from the orbiting Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite,...
X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...
X-ray Binaries -- X-ray binaries are a class of binary stars that are very luminous in X-rays. The X-rays are produced by matter falling from one component (usually a relatively normal star) to the other component, which is a neutron star or a black hole. The infalling matter releases gravitational potential energy, up to several tens of per cent of its rest mass as X-rays. (Hydrogen fusion releases about 0.7 per cent of rest mass) X-ray binaries are further subdivided into...
- The governor of a province or people.
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