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white dwarf star in V407 Cygni
2014-07-31 16:20:44

J.D. Harrington, NASA Headquarters Observations by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope of several stellar eruptions, called novae, firmly establish these relatively common outbursts almost always produce gamma rays, the most energetic form of light. "There's a saying that one is a fluke, two is a coincidence, and three is a class, and we're now at four novae and counting with Fermi," said Teddy Cheung, an astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, and the lead...

protoplanetary discs in a double star
2014-07-31 05:31:40

ESO Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) have found wildly misaligned planet-forming gas disks around the two young stars in the binary system HK Tauri. These new ALMA observations provide the clearest picture ever of protoplanetary disks in a double star. The new result also helps to explain why so many exoplanets — unlike the planets in the Solar System — came to have strange, eccentric or inclined orbits. The results will appear in the journal...

star cluster NGC 3293
2014-07-23 10:22:45

Richard Hook, European Southern Observatory (ESO) In this striking new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile young stars huddle together against a backdrop of clouds of glowing gas and lanes of dust. The star cluster, known as NGC 3293, would have been just a cloud of gas and dust itself about ten million years ago, but as stars began to form it became the bright group of stars we see here. Clusters like this are celestial laboratories that allow astronomers to learn more about...

2014-07-22 12:35:07

As some hotels forgo in-room dining offerings, travelers look to other food options CHICAGO, July 22, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- For many Americans, hotel room service is considered a travel luxury; however, data from PFK Hospitality Research(1 )suggests that room service revenues fell 9.5 percent from 2010 to 2012, with some hotels shuttering unprofitable operations altogether. As hoteliers start to rethink their room service offerings, data from GrubHub Inc., the nation's leading online and...

artist rendering of GRB 130925A
2014-07-13 04:08:40

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A long-lasting gamma-ray burst that was first observed last year contained traits similar to those expected from explosions of some of the earliest stars in the universe, claims a new study appearing in The Astrophysical Journal. According to the ESA, the long-lasting blast of extremely energetic radiation was identified as GRB130925A, and thanks to both ground- and space-based equipment, astronomers were able to track its origin...

exoplanet Artist concept
2014-07-12 04:15:39

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The holy grail of planetary astronomy is to find a solar system that mirrors our own. While a lot of effort has been placed on finding a planet with Earth-like properties – the right size, an atmosphere, the right temperature – are of equal importance in the search for a Sun-like star. Such a glowing orb would need to have a similar mass, temperature, and spectral type. These parameters are somewhat easy to measure, but...

Supernova Explosions Release Building Blocks Of Planet Formation
2014-07-10 10:13:49

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The formation of planets of stars is still somewhat of a mystery to astronomers. While much progress has been made, particularly in the last few decades, there are still unanswered questions as to how the planetary building blocks form. But now, new research may be closing that knowledge gap. Early in the life of the Universe, the cosmos was dominated by the basic elements of hydrogen and helium, with only trace amounts of...

2014-07-09 20:22:07

New Mobile App Links Members and Guests to Hotel Restaurants NEWPORT BEACH, Calif., July 9, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Hospitality Marketing Concepts (HMC), the world's leading provider of outsourced CRM-driven database management and loyalty marketing programs for premium hotel organizations, announced the rollout of Table Concierge, a multi-channel mobile app and website restaurant booking platform. Table Concierge provides a streamlined way to find and book reservations at HMC partners'...

intergalactic hydrogen
2014-07-09 04:31:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The amount of light originating from known populations of galaxies and quasars is far less than the amount required to explain the amount of hydrogen that helps bridge empty spaces between galaxies, according to research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. In fact, as lead author Juna Kollmeier of the Carnegie Institution for Science and her colleagues explained in a statement Tuesday, the...

milky way simulation
2014-07-07 07:13:31

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) Astronomers investigating behavior of the universe shortly after the Big Bang have made a surprising discovery: the properties of the early universe are determined by the smallest galaxies. The team report their findings in a paper published today in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Shortly after the Big Bang, the universe was ionized: ordinary matter consisted of hydrogen with its positively charged protons stripped of...


Latest Star Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

7_9d2e259c13e5a649c6295922288878812
2004-10-19 04:45:43

UV Astronomy -- UV astronomy is the branch of astronomy and astrophysics which deals with objects visible in ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation ranges approximatively from 10nm (extreme UV) to 380nm (near UV). Ultraviolet line spectrum measurements are used to discern the chemical composition, densities, and temperatures of interstellar medium, and the temperature and composition of hot young stars. UV observations can also provide essential information about the evolution of...

7_4b235c0bfbfc8504a41844f9c48ad8962
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram -- In stellar astronomy, the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram (H-R diagram) shows the relation between the absolute magnitude and the spectral types of stars. It was invented around 1910 by Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell. There are two equivalent forms. One is the observer's form which plots the color of the star on one axis and the absolute magnitude on the other axis. The theoretician's form plots the temperature of the star on one axis and the...

6_1446abbc556d86191d7944d6c5cf68052
2004-10-19 04:45:43

X-ray Burster -- X-ray bursters are a class of binary stars which are luminous in X-rays. They contain a neutron star and a low-mass companion star. The companion fills its Roche lobe and therefore the neutron star is accreting matter from it. The inflowing gas forms an accretion disk around the neutron star. Sometimes X-ray bursters show a sudden increase in their X-ray luminosity, called X-ray burst. All properties of the X-ray bursts can be explained assuming that they result from...

6_f1577ee462b741c03ef6a7d23d2cd6905
2004-10-19 04:45:43

Variable Star -- Most stars are of nearly constant luminosity. Our own Sun is a good example which goes through practically no measurable variation in brightness. There are, however, stars which do vary in brightness, called variable stars. They fall into two main groups: Intrinsic variables These are stars which have intrinsic variations in brightness, that is the star itself gets brighter and dimmer. There are many types of intrinsic variables, the main types being: -- Mira...

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Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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